background preloader

Réforme

Facebook Twitter

La Renaissance. 10.

La Renaissance

Renaissance et réformes. La Réforme en rupture(s) L'urgence de la réforme de l'Église ne fait pas de doute vers 1500. Ce qui divise, ce sont les moyens pour y arriver : faut-il faire confiance au pape et à la hiérarchie, aux moines, aux princes, aux intellectuels ? Tous ont de bonnes raisons de transformer le désir de réforme en réalité, ce qui en fait un trait de civilisation aussi important que l'Humanisme et la Renaissance. I. Les nationalistes de la Grande Guerre avaient quelque part raison, on ne comprend pas Luther en l'extrayant de la réalité allemande, cette nébuleuse dynamique du Saint Empire romain germanique dont la vitalité religieuse est profonde si l'on en juge par le nombre de confréries, le bon état des paroisses, la qualité des rites, l'immense prestige des pèlerinages.

II. III. IV. En 1524, la contestation ouverte du pape et de l'Empereur par Luther et Zwingli apparaît à beaucoup comme un signe de la fin des temps. V. VI. God In America: People: The Protestant Reformation. In 1517, the German monk and theologian Martin Luther challenged Catholicism and its influence on Europe.

God In America: People: The Protestant Reformation

Luther attacked the sale of indulgences, certificates sold to the faithful and intended to limit the time the dead spent in purgatory. But Luther's real challenge to the church was his new understanding of salvation. In contrast to Catholicism, which stressed the authority of the church, Luther gave primacy to individual experience, the radical notion that the individual could communicate directly with God and seek his or her own salvation, without the intermediating authority of the church or priests. He was convinced that sins could not be washed away by penance or forgiven by indulgences; salvation came from faith in God and by faith alone -- sola fide.

Faith in God came only through contemplating the word of God -- sola scriptura. Luther's ideas struck a fundamental blow to the primacy of the Catholic Church. Source: Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt. Protestant Reformation - Renaissance, Reformation and Mary Queen of Scots. Martin Luther’s ideas, first published in 1518, had inspired far-reaching change from the Catholic faith to Protestantism across Europe.

Protestant Reformation - Renaissance, Reformation and Mary Queen of Scots

On 31 October 1517 Luther had nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenburg, Germany. He outlined the Roman Catholic clergy’s abuses of power and proposed that the Catholic Church should be reformed. His ideas had much more drastic consequences. Patrick Hamilton became the first Protestant martyr in 1528.

He was burned at the stake for heresy in the street outside St Salvator's College of the University of St Andrews. After the Reformation: Does Protestant Christian Ethics have a Future? – Opinion – ABC Religion & Ethics. Stanley Hauerwas, now Gilbert T.

After the Reformation: Does Protestant Christian Ethics have a Future? – Opinion – ABC Religion & Ethics

Rowe Professor Emeritus of Divinity and Law at Duke University Divinity School, presented the following paper at a conference on "The Freedom of a Christian Ethicist: The Future of a Reformation Legacy" at the University of Aberdeen, on 25 October 2014. I should like to say that I care deeply about the future of Protestant Christian ethics. I should like to say that I care deeply about the future of Protestant Christian ethics because I am, after all, a Protestant.

Yet honesty - or at least candour - requires me to confess I am not particularly concerned about the future of Protestant Christian ethics. That I must make such a confession expresses my existential situation - that is, I have never thought of myself as someone deeply committed to being a Protestant. I have, moreover, described my ecclesial identity as being a high church Mennonite.

While teaching at Notre Dame, of course, I became acquainted with theologians about whom I had never heard. The Reformation. Unleashed in the early sixteenth century, the Reformation put an abrupt end to the relative unity that had existed for the previous thousand years in Western Christendom under the Roman Catholic Church.

The Reformation

The Reformation, which began in Germany but spread quickly throughout Europe, was initiated in response to the growing sense of corruption and administrative abuse in the church. It expressed an alternate vision of Christian practice, and led to the creation and rise of Protestantism, with all its individual branches. The Reformation Exclusive Videos & Features. The Reformation - Facts & Summary. Concile de Trente. Concile œcuménique qui se tint, en 25 sessions, de 1545 à 1549, en 1551-1552 et en 1562-1563 à Trente.

concile de Trente

Réforme catholique ou Contre-Réforme. Ensemble des réformes entreprises par l'Église catholique en réponse à la Réforme protestante au xvie siècle. 1.

Réforme catholique ou Contre-Réforme

Introduction Si le terme de Contre-Réforme est consacré par l'usage, il est d'un emploi délicat. La Réforme. Mouvement religieux qui, au xvie siècle, a donné naissance aux Églises protestantes.

la Réforme

Ce mouvement qui, entre 1517 et 1570, a soustrait l'Europe du Nord-Ouest et du Nord à l'obédience du catholicisme romain a pris le nom de « Réforme (ou de « Réformation ») pour marquer son souci d'un renouvellement radical du christianisme face à ce qu'il considérait comme une trahison, par l'Église institutionnelle, de l'idéal évangélique. 1. Les origines de la Réforme 1.1.

Counter-Reformation. Alternate titles: Catholic Reformation; Catholic Revival Counter-Reformation, also called Catholic Reformation, or Catholic Revival, in the history of Christianity, the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th and early 17th centuries both against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal; the Counter-Reformation took place during roughly the same period as the Protestant Reformation, actually (according to some sources) beginning shortly before Martin Luther’s act of nailing the Ninety-Five Theses to the church door (1517).

Counter-Reformation

Early calls for reform grew out of criticism of the worldly attitudes and policies of the Renaissance popes and many of the clergy. New religious orders and other groups ... (100 of 552 words) Christianity. Reformation, the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century.

Christianity

Its greatest leaders undoubtedly were Martin Luther and John Calvin. CONTRE-RÉFORME. Le terme de Contre-Réforme a été forgé au xixe siècle dans un esprit polémique par des historiens protestants allemands. Certains ouvrages d'inspiration catholique ont tendance de nos jours à ne plus l'employer. RÉFORME. ALBERT DE BRANDEBOURG (1490-1568) premier duc de Prusse (1525-1568) Écrit par : Bernard VOGLER … *Troisième fils du margrave d'Ansbach en Franconie, Albert de Brandebourg est destiné à une brillante carrière ecclésiastique.

History - An Overview of the Reformation.