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Platon

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Plato - Biography - Writer, Philosopher. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in Western thought.

Plato - Biography - Writer, Philosopher

Synopsis Born circa 428 B.C.E., ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world.

He died in Athens circa 348 B.C.E. Background Due to a lack of primary sources from the time period, much of Plato's life has been constructed by scholars through his writings and the writings of contemporaries and classical historians. Some scholars believe that Plato was named for his grandfather, Aristocles, following the tradition of the naming the eldest son after the grandfather. Early, Middle and Late Periods: An Overview Founding the Academy.

Plato - Greek Philosopher. Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens.

Plato - Greek Philosopher

His father died while Plato was young, and his mother remarried to Pyrilampes, in whose house Plato would grow up. Plato's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history. He studied at a gymnasium owned by Dionysios, and at the palaistra of Ariston of Argos. When he was young he studied music and poetry. Plato was in military service from 409 BC to 404 BC. Plato left Attica along with other friends of Socrates and traveled for the next twelve years. After 399 BC Plato began to write extensively. Plato returned to Athens in 387 BC and, on land that had once belonged to Academos, he founded a school of learning which he called the Academy. The period from 387 to 361 BC is often called Plato's "middle" or transitional period. Biographie de Platon. Platon appartient à une des plus illustres familles d'Athènes.

Biographie de Platon

Son nom d'Aristoclès est très tôt changé en celui de Platon (de platus, large), surnom qui lui est sans doute attribué à cause de la largeur de ses épaules ou de son front. Il étudie les lettres, les mathématiques, la musique et la gymnastique. Sa rencontre avec Socrate, en 408, est décisive et l'amène à renoncer aux arts pour s'adonner à la philosophie, mais toute son oeuvre gardera de cette première formation une très forte imprégnation poétique.

Toute sa vie, il conservera pour son premier maître une grande admiration. Qu'Athènes puisse accuser d'impiété et condamner à mort l'homme le plus éminent de son époque le marquera pour toujours et déterminera l'orientation de sa pratique philosophique. Déçu par la démocratie, profondément affecté par la mort du maître, Platon décide de s’exiler et entreprend de nombreux voyages, notamment dans la grande Grèce (Italie du Sud). Platon. Par Michel Robert, du cégep du Vieux Montréal Sa vie Né athénien d'une famille aristocratique aux environs de 427 avant l'ère chrétienne.

Platon

C'est en ~407 qu'il rencontre Socrate et le fréquente pendant huit ans. Ses écrits démontrent l'énorme influence qu'a eu la vie et la mort de Socrate sur lui. C'est après la mort de Socrate (condamné injustement pour impiété en ~399) que Platon se retira à Mégare. Ses dialogues. Biography - Greek philosopher. PLATON. PLATON, en bref Écrit par : Francis WYBRANDS La remarque de A.

PLATON

N. Whitehead selon laquelle « la façon la plus sûre de caractériser la tradition philosophique occidentale est qu'elle consiste en une suite de notes en bas de page à Platon » demeure vraie. Fidèle d'abord à son maître Socrate, dont la mort en — 399 le convertira à la philosophie, Platon compose des « dialogues socratiques » dans… Lire la suite PLATON - (repères chronologiques) Platon. Philosophe grec (Athènes vers 427-Athènes vers 348 ou 347 avant J.

Platon

-C.). Plato. 1.

Plato

Plato's central doctrines Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called “forms” or “ideas”) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. Plato. Plato is one of the world's best known and most widely read and studied philosophers.

Plato

He was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, and he wrote in the middle of the fourth century B.C.E. in ancient Greece. Though influenced primarily by Socrates, to the extent that Socrates is usually the main character in many of Plato's writings, he was also influenced by Heraclitus, Parmenides, and the Pythagoreans. There are varying degrees of controversy over which of Plato's works are authentic, and in what order they were written, due to their antiquity and the manner of their preservation through time.

Nonetheless, his earliest works are generally regarded as the most reliable of the ancient sources on Socrates, and the character Socrates that we know through these writings is considered to be one of the greatest of the ancient philosophers.