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Pascal, Blaise

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Blaise Pascal, saint ou rebelle ? INTERVIEW - Janséniste, l'auteur des Penséeset des Provinciales était-il hérétique ?

Blaise Pascal, saint ou rebelle ?

Les écrivains Xavier Patier et Gaspard-Marie Janvier débattent. Pascal biography. Born: 19 June 1623 in Clermont (now Clermont-Ferrand), Auvergne, France Died: 19 August 1662 in Paris, France Click the picture aboveto see eight larger pictures Show birthplace location.

Pascal biography

Blaise Pascal. 1.

Blaise Pascal

Life and Works Pascal was born in Clermont (now Clermont-Ferrand), France, on 19 June 1623, and died thirty-nine years later in Paris (19 August 1662). Following his mother's death when he was three years old, Blaise was reared by his father, Étienne, in the company of his two sisters, Gilberte (b. 1620) and Jacqueline (b. 1625). Later, in Paris, the family hired a maid named Louise Delfault, who became effectively a member of the close-knit family.

Pascal's father was an accomplished mathematician, and he provided the only formal education that his son enjoyed. The Pascal family moved residence frequently, for political and financial reasons. Périer arranged for two similar barometric tubes to be filled with mercury, on 19 September 1648. Pascal's initial encounter with Jansenism had occurred when he was twenty-two years old. During the night of 23 November 1654, Pascal had a dreamlike or ecstatic experience which he interpreted as a religious conversion. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Blaise Pascal - Biography - Theologian, Philosopher, Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist. Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher, who laid the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities.

Blaise Pascal - Biography - Theologian, Philosopher, Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist

Synopsis Mathematician Blaise Pascal was born on June 19, 1623, in Clermont-Ferrand, France. In 1642, he invented the Pascaline, an early calculator. Also in the 1640s, he validated Torricelli's theory concerning the cause of barometrical variations. In the 1650s, Pascal laid the foundation of probability theory and published the theological works Pénsees and Provinciales. Early Life. Pascal, Blaise. Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, inventor, and theologian.

Pascal, Blaise

In mathematics, he was an early pioneer in the fields of game theory and probability theory. In philosophy he was an early pioneer in existentialism. As a writer on theology and religion he was a defender of Christianity. Despite chronic ill health, Pascal made historic contributions to mathematics and to physical science, including both experimental and theoretical work on hydraulics, atmospheric pressure, and the existence and nature of the vacuum. As a scientist and philosopher of science, Pascal championed strict empirical observation and the use of controlled experiments; he opposed the rationalism and logico-deductive method of the Cartesians; and he opposed the metaphysical speculations and reverence for authority of the theologians of the Middle Ages.

Table of Contents 1. “Pascal’s life is inseparable from his work.” Both views are oversimplified. A. B. Blaise Pascal. Mathématicien, physicien et écrivain français (Clermont, aujourd'hui Clermont-Ferrand, 1623-Paris 1662).

Blaise Pascal

Introduction Pascal n'est pas l'homme du confort intérieur. On ne peut lui prêter la paisible certitude de celui qui a trouvé. Il est plutôt celui qui remet toujours en question. Non pas que sa foi soit vacillante ou fragile : il veut que les découvertes du cœur et de la raison s'approfondissent sans cesse et dans un effort constamment renouvelé. Itinéraire pascalien Cette coexistence de deux états en apparence contraires se traduit chez Pascal par l'impatience. . « Disproportion de l'homme » « Athéisme marque de force d'esprit, mais jusqu'à un certain degré seulement. » La seule angoisse pascalienne est de constater au cœur de son siècle le triomphe d'un rationalisme conquérant, qui, confiant en les certitudes de la science et en ses progrès, crée peu à peu un monde vide de Dieu.

. « C'est le cœur qui sent Dieu. » Les éditions des « Pensées » Biography - French philosopher and scientist. Blaise Pascal, (born June 19, 1623, Clermont-Ferrand, France—died August 19, 1662, Paris), French mathematician, physicist, religious philosopher, and master of prose.

biography - French philosopher and scientist

He laid the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities, formulated what came to be known as Pascal’s law of pressure, and propagated a religious doctrine that taught the experience of God through the heart rather than through reason. The establishment of his principle of intuitionism had an impact on such later philosophers as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Henri Bergson and also on the Existentialists. Pascal’s father, Étienne Pascal, was presiding judge of the tax court at Clermont-Ferrand.

His mother died in 1626, and in 1631 the family moved to Paris. Étienne, who was respected as a mathematician, devoted himself henceforth to the education of his children. Until 1646 the Pascal family held strictly Roman Catholic principles, though they often substituted l’honnêteté (“polite respectability”) for inward religion. BLAISE PASCAL. On a « tant imaginé et si passionnément considéré » Pascal, dit Valéry, qu'on en a fait un « personnage de tragédie », une « sorte de héros de la dépréciation totale et amère », de « Hamlet français et janséniste ».

BLAISE PASCAL

Les travaux des historiens modernes achèvent à peine aujourd'hui de corriger cette légende, née des polémiques religieuses des xviiie et xixe siècles. Le génie de Pascal se caractérise par le refus de la spécialisation qui convient à l'« honnête homme ». Si Port-Royal le considère comme un maître en « véritable rhétorique », et la postérité comme l'un des fondateurs de la prose classique en France, son activité ne se limite pas aux lettres : remarquable géomètre et physicien, il est aussi philosophe, moraliste et théologien.

Dans tous les domaines qu'il a abordés, il a su inventer et créer ; mais il s'est surtout montré capable d'établir entre eux des liens qui font de son œuvre l'une des plus puissantes synthèses de la pensée classique.