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More, Thomas

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16th century dreams: Thomas More. Thomas More (1477 - 1535) wrote the first formal utopia.

16th century dreams: Thomas More

He imagined a complex, self-contained world set on an island, in which communities shared a common culture and way of life. This selection of extracts illustrates many of the systems and practices that More imagined for his Utopians. The Center for Thomas More Studies: About Thomas More. Thomas More was the statesman of wisdom and humor who served as Lord Chancellor of England under Henry VIII before he was executed for defending the ancient liberties of his country and for refusing to compromise his conscience.

The Center for Thomas More Studies: About Thomas More

Coming from humble roots, Thomas More achieved spectacular professional success, and he attributed that success to the depth and excellence of the education that he received. A principled politician known as “the best friend the poor ever had” and dedicated to God and His laws, he was an intellectual with a great sense of humor; he was the first in history known to publish a defense for free speech; he was among the first to use the word “integrity” in the English language, and although he worked for a monarch, he showed the superiority of collegial, parliamentary government based on the people's consent.

More was a dedicated family man who studied throughout his life and carefully attended to his children’s education. The Center for Thomas More Studies - Home. Moref.PDF. Biographie - More (Thomas) Humaniste anglais, savant, avocat, ami de Linacre et d’Érasme, page du cardinal Morton, archevêque de Canterbury, More connaît une carrière politique brillante – après s’être opposé en 1507 à Henri VII dont il dénonce les exactions - grâce à Henri VIII et devient ambassadeur puis grand chancelier en 1529.

Biographie - More (Thomas)

Il est jugé pour haute trahison et décapité le 6 juin 1535 : catholique sincère, il refuse de se rallier à l’Acte de Suprématie signé par le Parlement faisant du roi le chef suprême de l’Eglise anglaise. Il sera canonisé 400 ans après son exécution. Il est l’auteur d’une utopie très célèbre écrite en latin en 1516 et traduite en allemand (1524), en italien (1548), en français (1550), en hollandais (1553). La version anglaise voit le jour en 1551 seulement et le texte aura un grand retentissement, inventant un concept et influençant durablement de nombreux auteurs. Thomas More. 1.

Thomas More

Life and Works On the title-page of Utopia Thomas More identifies himself as a citizen of the renowned city of London. The city, with its privileges and corporate procedures, was central to his formation and to the style of his political thought. Born in Milk Street, Cripplegate, in February 1478, he was the son of a successful barrister, John More. Thomas began his education at St Anthony's, the outstanding grammar school in the city, but around 1490 he was placed as a page in the household of Cardinal John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor. An important source for More's biography is the letter that Erasmus wrote to Ulrich von Hutten in 1519 (CWE 7: Ep. 999), but it needs to be treated with caution.

In 1501 More completed his legal studies and qualified as a barrister. Being a man, he could make a mistake. Such an approach to religious authority is evidence of More's adherence to the critical standards of humanism. Les Classiques des sciences sociales: Thomas More: photo. Thomas More - Biography - Philosopher, Lawyer, Saint, Journalist.

Thomas More is known for his 1516 book Utopia and for his untimely death in 1535, after refusing to acknowledge King Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.

Thomas More - Biography - Philosopher, Lawyer, Saint, Journalist

He was canonized by the Catholic Church as a saint in 1935. Synopsis Born in London, England, in 1478, Thomas More's 1516 book Utopia was the forerunner of the utopian literary genre. More served as an important counselor to King Henry VIII of England, serving as his key counselor in the early 1500s, but after he refused to accept the king as head of the Church of England, he was tried for treason and beheaded (he died in London, England, in 1535). More is noted for coining the word "Utopia," in reference to an ideal political system in which policies are governed by reason. Early Years. MORE, Thomas (1478-1535) MORE, Thomas (1478 - 1535) Saint Thomas More ou saint Thomas Morus. Biography - English humanist and statesman. Alternate title: Saint Thomas More.

biography - English humanist and statesman

THOMAS MORE. Vir omnium horarum, « homme de toutes les heures », Thomas More est aussi l'homme d'une époque.

THOMAS MORE

Il apparaît dans l'histoire à ce moment crucial des premières décennies du xvie siècle où l'Europe chrétienne, divisée par les ambitions picrocholines de ses rois, en proie à une profonde crise intellectuelle et religieuse, s'ouvre à Platon redécouvert (et baptisé) et aux beautés de l'Antiquité païenne, secoue le dogmatisme stérile de la scolastique et s'apprête à enfanter le protestantisme et la Contre-Réforme. Entraîné par le poids des siècles et des imperfections, sclérosé par son formalisme, isolé de la réalité vivante des choses par l'écran déformant de ses sommes et de ses gloses, le vieux monde gothique, disloqué, s'effondre lentement.

Toutes les institutions et les valeurs sur lesquelles il reposait sont remises en cause par l'esprit nouveau de l'humanisme et de l'Évangile renaissants.