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Maoris de la Nouvelle-Zélande

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History - geography. NOUVELLE-ZÉLANDE, chronologie contemporaine. NOUVELLE-ZÉLANDE. Nouvelle-Zélande en anglais New Zealand. État insulaire d'Océanie, la Nouvelle-Zélande est un archipel du Pacifique sud, dans la mer de Tasman, situé à 2 000 km au sud-est de l'Australie, formé de deux grandes îles, l'île du Nord et l'île du Sud), auxquelles s'ajoutent l'île Stewart et quelques îlots.

Nouvelle-Zélande en anglais New Zealand

La Nouvelle-Zélande est membre du Commonwealth. Superficie : 270 000 km2 Nombre d'habitants : 4 506 000 (estimation pour 2013) Nom des habitants : Néo-Zélandais Capitale : Wellington Langue : anglais Monnaie : dollar néo-zélandais Chef de l'État : Élisabeth II représentée par Jerry Mateparae Chef du gouvernement : John Key Nature de l'État : monarchie constitutionnelle à régime parlementaire Constitution : Entrée en vigueur : 1er janvier 1987 Pour en savoir plus : institutions de la Nouvelle-Zélande Le pays est formé de deux grandes îles (île du Nord et île du Sud). À 2 000 km au S. 1. Le climat est océanique, soumis aux dépressions et aux grands vents d'ouest. 2. 3.

Les sites d'Australie classés à l'Unesco 1. 2. 3. 4. Maoris. Maori language. Maori language, Eastern Polynesian subgroup of the Eastern Austronesian (Oceanic) languages, spoken in the Cook Islands and New Zealand.

Maori language

Since the Maori Language Act of 1987, it has been one of the two official languages of New Zealand. Estimates of the number of Maori speakers range from 100,000 to 150,000. As one of the marginal eastern Polynesian islands, New Zealand was one of the last of the Polynesian islands to be settled (about ad 800). Since that time the Maori language has developed independently of other Polynesian languages. European Christian missionaries developed Maori as a written language, and the first printed material in the Maori language was published in 1815. The language contains 5 vowels (each of which can be either short or long) and 10 consonants (h, k, m, n, ng, p, r, t, w, and wh). People. Maori, kapa hakaPhotograph: Nick Servian Photography. www.nickservian.commember of a Polynesian people of New Zealand.

people

Traditional history and first contact Their traditional history describes their origins in terms of waves of migration that culminated in the arrival of a “great fleet” in the 14th century from Hawaiki, a mythical land usually identified as Tahiti. This historical account provides the basis for traditional Maori social organization and is generally supported by archaeological discoveries, which have dated Maori arrival in New Zealand to about 1300 ce. Members of each tribe (iwi) recognized a common ancestry (which might be traced through either or both parents) and common allegiance to a chief or chiefs (ariki). This social order was in force when Abel Tasman, the first European contact, arrived off the coast of New Zealand in December 1642. The rise of the King Movement Maori versus pakeha.

Les montagnes du Parc national Tonganiro

Le tapu (tabou) Rangi et Papa. Te Ao Hou. The Story of Rangi and Papa. This painting of the separation of Rangi and Papa is by Para Matchitt.

The Story of Rangi and Papa

The Story of Rangi and Papa Rangi is the sky, the father of all things; Papa is the earth, the mother of all things. In the beginning there was darkness, and these two, the earth and the sky, lay together. They had many children, who lay between them. It was dark for many ages; there was as yet no world with its bright light. Then their children began to wonder what kind of thing the light could be. Then Tane, the god and father of forests and of all things that live in them, or that are made from trees, said, ‘No, we will not kill them.

All the brothers agreed to this except for Tawhiri, the father of winds and storms; and he, being afraid that his kingdom was about to be overthrown, was angry at the thought of the separation of his parents. When at last they had agreed to this plan, And through all this time the vast sky has not ceased to mourn the loss of his wife the earth. T. New Zealand Government. Tongariro National Park Villages. Parc national de Tongariro. Tongariro National Park In 1993 Tongariro became the first property to be inscribed on the World Heritage List under the revised criteria describing cultural landscapes.

Parc national de Tongariro

The mountains at the heart of the park have cultural and religious significance for the Maori people and symbolize the spiritual links between this community and its environment. The park has active and extinct volcanoes, a diverse range of ecosystems and some spectacular landscapes. Parc national de Tongariro En 1993, Tongariro est devenu le premier bien inscrit sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial au titre du critère culturel révisé concernant des paysages culturels.

منتزه تونغاريرو الوطني أصبح منتزه تونغاريرو في العام 1993 الثروة الاولى على قائمة التراث العالمي بالمقياس الثقافي الذي أعيد النظر في طبيعته الثقافية. جيم الجماعة: مقابلة مع توموتي هو هو رسالة اليونسكو (2007) source: UNESCO/ERI 汤加里罗国家公园 1993 年,汤加里罗成为第一处根据修改后的文化景观标准被列入《世界遗产名录》的遗址。 Национальный парк Тонгариро В 1993 г. Parque Nacional de Tongariro Source : unesco.nl.