Martin Luther (1483-1546) Martin Luther. History - Historic Figures: Martin Luther (1483-1546) Martin Luther and the 95 Theses - Facts & Summary. Committed to the idea that salvation could be reached through faith and by divine grace only, Luther vigorously objected to the corrupt practice of selling indulgences.
Acting on this belief, he wrote the “Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences,” also known as “The 95 Theses,” a list of questions and propositions for debate. Popular legend has it that on October 31, 1517 Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church. The reality was probably not so dramatic; Luther more likely hung the document on the door of the church matter-of-factly to announce the ensuing academic discussion around it that he was organizing. The 95 Theses, which would later become the foundation of the Protestant Reformation, were written in a remarkably humble and academic tone, questioning rather than accusing.
The overall thrust of the document was nonetheless quite provocative. Luther, Martin. German theologian, professor, pastor, and church reformer.
Luther began the Protestant Reformation with the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses on October 31, 1517. In this publication, he attacked the Church’s sale of indulgences. He advocated a theology that rested on God’s gracious activity in Jesus Christ, rather than in human works. Nearly all Protestants trace their history back to Luther in one way or another. Luther’s relationship to philosophy is complex and should not be judged only by his famous statement that “reason is the devil’s whore.” Given Luther’s critique of philosophy and his famous phrase that philosophy is the “devil’s whore,” it would be easy to assume that Luther had only contempt for philosophy and reason. Properly understood and used, philosophy and reason are a great aid to individuals and society. Table of Contents. Martin Luther - Biography - Theologian. Theologian Martin Luther forever changed Christianity when he began the Protestant Reformation in 16th-century Europe.
Synopsis Born in Germany in 1483, Martin Luther became one of the most influential figures in Christian history when he began the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. He called into question some of the basic tenets of Roman Catholicism, and his followers soon split from the Roman Catholic Church to begin the Protestant tradition. Early Life Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Saxony, in modern southeast Germany. Hans Luther knew that mining was a tough business and wanted his promising son to have better and become a lawyer. Lucien Febvre, Martin Luther, un destin. Martin Luther. Théologien et réformateur allemand (Eisleben, Thuringe, 1483-Eisleben, Thuringe, 1546).
Un homme de son temps : les temps de cet homme Il n'y a qu'une histoire, à l'intérieur de laquelle, étroitement mêlés, coexistent les courants de pensée, les idéologies, les intérêts économiques et les forces politiques les plus divers. « Animal politique », suivant Aristote (Politique), l'homme est le produit de son environnement avant de devenir personne, objet de l'histoire avant de peut-être la modeler et l'orienter à son tour. Si, comme Luther, il parvient au premier rang des acteurs d'une époque, en l'achevant et en la faisant basculer vers les temps modernes, il n'en reste pas moins enserré dans un réseau d'influences et de conflits entre pouvoirs opposés. Le génie lui-même, si l'on voit son revers, n'est qu'un bouchon de liège ballotté sur les flots apparemment insensés de son temps. Des saisons en enfer Il n'a pas pour autant conquis la paix intérieure. Biography - German religious leader.
Martin Luther, (born Nov. 10, 1483, Eisleben, Saxony [Germany]—died Feb. 18, 1546, Eisleben), German theologian and religious reformer who was the catalyst of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation.
Through his words and actions, Luther precipitated a movement that reformulated certain basic tenets of Christian belief and resulted in the division of Western Christendom between Roman Catholicism and the new Protestant traditions, mainly Lutheranism, Calvinism, the Anglican Communion, the Anabaptists, and the Antitrinitarians.
He is one of the most influential figures in the history of Christianity.... (84 of 7,949 words) MARTIN LUTHER. Au lendemain de la mort de Luther, ses amis soulignèrent l'œuvre immense qu'il laissait derrière lui : un véritable renouveau de l'exégèse biblique, de la prédication, des sacrements et de la liturgie, ainsi que de la fonction ecclésiastique.
L'école et la formation universitaire avaient subi des changements.