John Locke. John Locke - Philosopher. John Locke (1632-1704) John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Warington, a village in Somerset, England.
In 1646 he went to Westminster school, and in 1652 to Christ Church in Oxford. In 1659 he was elected to a senior studentship, and tutored at the college for a number of years. Still, contrary to the curriculum, he complained that he would rather be studying Descartes than Aristotle. In 1666 he declined an offer of preferment, although he thought at one time of taking up clerical work.
Locke's mentor was Robert Boyle, the leader of the Oxford scientific group. Locke studied medicine with Sydenham, one of the most notable English physicians of the 17th century. Locke's ideas on freedom of religion and the rights of citizens were considered a challenge to the King's authority by the English government and in 1682 Locke went into exile in Holland. John Locke. "Though the familiar use of the Things about us, takes off our Wonder; yet it cures not our Ignorance.
" ---An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (III. vi. 9) "...he that will not give just occasion to think that all government in the world is the product only of force and violence, and that men live together by no other rules but that of beasts, where the strongest carries it...must of necessity find another rise of government, another original of political power... " ---from The Second Treatise of Civil Government John Locke was an Oxford scholar, medical researcher and physician, political operative, economist and idealogue for a revolutionary movement, as well as being one of the great philosophers of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century. His monumental Essay Concerning Human Understanding aims to determine the limits of human understanding. Locke wrote on a variety of other topics Among the most important of these is toleration. John Locke. During his decades of service to Shaftesbury, John Locke had been writing.
In the six years following his return to England he published all of his most significant works. Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1689) outlined a theory of human knowledge, identity and selfhood. To Locke, knowledge was not the discovery of anything either innate or outside of the individual, but simply the accumulation of “facts” derived from sensory experience. To discover truths beyond the realm of basic experience, Locke suggested an approach modeled on the rigorous methods of experimental science. The “Two Treatises of Government” (1690) offered political theories developed and refined by Locke during his years at Shaftesbury’s side. In his “Thoughts Concerning Education” (1693), Locke argued for a broadened syllabus and better treatment of students—ideas that were an enormous influence on Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel “Emile” (1762).
John Locke. 1.
Historical Background and Locke's Life John Locke (1632–1704) was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. It was a century in which conflicts between Crown and Parliament and the overlapping conflicts between Protestants, Anglicans and Catholics swirled into civil war in the 1640s.
With the defeat and death of Charles I, there began a great experiment in governmental institutions including the abolishment of the monarchy, the House of Lords and the Anglican church, and the establishment of Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate in the 1650s. 1.1 Locke's Life up to His Meeting with Lord Ashley in 1666. John Locke - Biography - Philosopher - Biography.com. English philosopher John Locke's works lie at the foundation of modern philosophical empiricism and political liberalism.
Synopsis. Les classiques des sciences sociales: John Locke. JØRN SCHØSLER, John Locke et les philosophes francais.
La critique des idées innées en France au dix-huitième siècle. » Une brève présentation du livre de Schosler. Avec son livre récent, Locke and french Materialism (Oxford, 1991), John Yolton, - connu de longue date pour avoir le premier focalisé le contexte théologique et moral du nouveau “ way of ideas” chez Locke -, a donné le signal de départ d’une exploration de la place de Locke dans la lutte philosophique en France au XVIIIe siècle. Prenant acte que le thème pourtant majeur des idées innées dans la réception française de Locke n’a pas encore reçu l’attention qu’il mérite, le présent livre poursuit une analyse approfondie de la fortune de la polémique contre les idées innées chez les philosophes francais, de Jean Le Clerc (1688) à Saint-Lambert (1801). Biography - English philosopher. John Locke, (born August 29, 1632, Wrington, Somerset, England—died October 28, 1704, High Laver, Essex), English philosopher whose works lie at the foundation of modern philosophical empiricism and political liberalism.
He was an inspirer of both the European Enlightenment and the Constitution of the United States. JOHN LOCKE. John Locke. Philosophe anglais (Wrington, Somerset, 1632-Oates, Essex, 1704).
Théoricien d'une science postcartésienne fondée sur l’empirisme, John Locke est aussi le promoteur d'une philosophie politique reposant sur la notion de droit naturel. Précurseur du libéralisme, il fut pris pour modèle par les philosophes français du siècle des Lumières. L'homme des Lumières Issu d’une famille de petits propriétaires, John Locke est le représentant de cette Angleterre puritaine qui défend les droits du Parlement contre l’arbitraire royal. Entré à Christ Church (Oxford) en 1652, il devient lecteur de grec en 1660 et censeur de philosophie en 1664.
C’est en 1671 que Locke commence à élaborer ce qui deviendra l’Essai sur l’entendement humain, qui paraît en 1690, avant d’être remanié à la faveur de quatre éditions ultérieures (1694, 1695, 1700, 1706). Empirisme et droit naturel Les idées et la nature des choses Locke professe que l’homme ne possède aucune idée innée, en théorie comme en pratique. John Locke. Locke, John. John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century.
He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. He was also influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory. In his most important work, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke set out to offer an analysis of the human mind and its acquisition of knowledge.
He offered an empiricist theory according to which we acquire ideas through our experience of the world. The mind is then able to examine, compare, and combine these ideas in numerous different ways.