René Descartes - Biography - Academic, Philosopher, Mathematician, Scientist. Philosopher and mathematician René Descartes is regarded as the father of modern philosophy for defining a starting point for existence, “I think; therefore I am.”
Synopsis René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye, France. He was extensively educated, first at a Jesuit college at age 8, then earning a law degree at 22, but an influential teacher set him on a course to apply mathematics and logic to understanding the natural world. This approach incorporated the contemplation of the nature of existence and of knowledge itself, hence his most famous observation, “I think; therefore I am.” Early Life. René Descartes Museum Site officiel de la Ville de Descartes - Indre-et-Loire (37) - FRANCE. René Descartes Museum René Descartes was born in the Haye-en-Touraine on March 31st, 1596 and he was baptized on April 3rd, 1596 in the church of Saint Georges.
His original house, has masonry dating partly from the 16th century, was transformed into museum in 1974. This simple, clear and accessible exposure is completely devoted to the famous father of modern philosophy. This museum, expanded in 2005 and was transformed thanks to a rich, colourful and accessible scenography, erepresents the life and the work of the philosopher, and shows the historical and cultural events of the time (Rebirth and 17th century). To know more Opening Hours for the René Descartes Museam for the 2014 Season : - du 02.04.2014 au 31.05.2014 : 14h - 18h - du 01.09.2014 au 31.10.2014 : 14h - 18h - du 01.06.2014 au 31.08.2014 : de 10h à 12h et de 14h à 18h - fermé tous les mardis, 1er mai et 1er novembre. René Descartes - French Philosopher and Scientist. René Descartes (1596–1650) René Descartes was born in a village near Tours in France in 1596.
At the age of eight years he entered the Jesuit college La Flèche in Anjou, where he would study classics, logic, and Aristotelian philosophy, as well as mathematics from the books of Clavius. On account of his fragile health he was allowed the privilege of sleeping until 11 o'clock every morning, a habit he kept for his entire life. Descartes studied at the college until 1612, and despite his Jesuit education, would maintain the importance of separating reason and faith. Descartes went on to obtain a degree in law from Poiter, then enlisted in the Dutch military. From 1620 to 1628 Descartes traveled through Europe, moving from Bohemia, to Hungary, Germany, Holland and France. In 1640 Descartes expanded on the metaphysical themes from his collection of essays in his Meditations on the First Philosophy: In Which the Existence of God and the Distinction Between Mind and Body are Demonstrated. René Descartes. 1.
Intellectual Biography 1.1 Early life and education Descartes was born on 31 March 1596 in his maternal grandmother's house in La Haye, in the Touraine region of France. His father Joachim, a lawyer who lived in Châtellerault (22 kilometers southwest of La Haye, across the Creuse River in the Poitou region), was away at the Parliament of Brittany in Rennes. Descartes, Rene. René Descartes is often credited with being the “Father of Modern Philosophy.”
This title is justified due both to his break with the traditional Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy prevalent at his time and to his development and promotion of the new, mechanistic sciences. His fundamental break with Scholastic philosophy was twofold. First, Descartes thought that the Scholastics’ method was prone to doubt given their reliance on sensation as the source for all knowledge. Second, he wanted to replace their final causal model of scientific explanation with the more modern, mechanistic model. Descartes attempted to address the former issue via his method of doubt. Once this conclusion is reached, Descartes can proceed to rebuild his system of previously dubious beliefs on this absolutely certain foundation.
Table of Contents 1. René Descartes. René Descartes. Philosophe, mathématicien et physicien français (La Haye, aujourd'hui Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, 1596-Stockholm 1650).
Premier philosophe moderne, dans la mesure où il met un terme à la longue suprématie de l’aristotélisme (interprétation médiévale de l’enseignement d’Aristote), René Descartes a le projet de fonder une science universelle. En prenant pour point de départ le sujet connaissant, il propose une méthode inédite fondée sur le doute radical, qui vise la certitude, autrement dit l’absence de doute. Il fera ainsi reposer tout son système sur les deux seules vérités absolument certaines découlant immédiatement de ce doute : la certitude de sa propre existence (ou conscience) – « je pense, donc je suis » – et l’idée de Dieu. Ces réflexions le mèneront ensuite à étudier la nature de l’union entre l’âme et le corps, ainsi que la nature des passions, c'est-à-dire l’ensemble du champ affectif humain, passerelle entre le corps et l’âme. Formation Pérégrinations Principales œuvres 1. 1.1.
Biography - French mathematician and philosopher. RENÉ DESCARTES.