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Colomb, Christophe

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Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) : Explorers & leaders. Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born in the Italian seaport of Genoa in 1451, to a family of wool weavers.

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) : Explorers & leaders

As a child he helped his father at the loom and then as a young lad went to sea. He became an experienced sailor and moved to Lisbon in Portugal to try and gain support for a new journey he was planning. He visited the courts of the kings and queens of Europe asking for help and money. Finally Ferdinand and Isabella, the king and queen of Spain, agreed to support him. What did Columbus want to do? In the 15th and 16th centuries, the Europeans wanted to find sea routes to the East. Why did he want to sail west?

Columbus thought that by sailing west he would find a quicker and easier route to the East. What ships did he use? Model of a mid-15th century Portuguese caravel In 1492 Columbus set sail from Palos in Spain with three ships. What did he find? After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean for 10 weeks, land was sighted by a sailor called Rodrigo Bernajo. Christophe Colomb (1450?-1506) [Carte marine de l'océan Atlantique Nord-Est, de la mer Baltique, de la mer Méditerranée et de la mer Noire, accompagnée d'une mappemonde circulaire] Material description : 1 carte : ms. col. sur vélin ; 112 x 70 cm, cou à l'ouestNote : Note : Carte nautique à droite Espace représenté. - Europe jusqu'à la Norvège et la Russie ("Sarmacia"). - Afrique jusqu'au fl.

Christophe Colomb (1450?-1506)

Congo ("f. Poderoso"). - Asie jusqu'au golfe Persique et au nord de la mer Rouge Construction de la carte. - Deux échelles en haut, deux en bas. 10 div= 5,5 cm. - Un système de rhumbs, diam= 66 cm, centré sur le Maroc, 13 centres secondaires sur 16 visibles. - Pas de médaillons de vents. Primary History - Famous People - Christopher Columbus. LE MONDE SELON CHRISTOPHE COLOMB. Christophe Colomb en italien Cristoforo Colombo espagnol Cristóbal Colón. Navigateur génois, découvreur de l'Amérique (Gênes 1450 ou 1451-Valladolid 1506).

Christophe Colomb en italien Cristoforo Colombo espagnol Cristóbal Colón

Colomb est considéré, à juste titre, comme l'initiateur des Temps modernes, et son voyage de 1492 fait incontestablement de lui le plus grand navigateur de tous les temps. Famille Son père est tisserand puis marchand de vin. Formation Il reçoit une éducation de navigateur et acquiert un solide bagage cartographique grâce à la connaissance des travaux de Ptolémée et de Marin de Tyr. Début de carrière Il voyage en Méditerranée, pour le compte de maisons de commerce génoises. Premiers succès Après avoir plaidé sa cause sans succès auprès du roi Jean II de Portugal, il se rend en Espagne en 1485 et monte une expédition financée par les Rois Catholiques.

Gloire Parti d'Espagne le 3 août 1492, il atteint les Antilles le 12 octobre 1492, puis débarque à Cuba et à Haïti, avant son retour triomphal en Espagne. Consécration Dernières années 1. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 3. 4. CHRISTOPHE COLOMB. Colomb ne nous est pas connu seulement par des documents émanant de tiers, mais aussi par ses propres écrits : quelques lettres et rapports, des annotations autographes sur ses livres personnels, des copies ou extraits de ses journaux de bord, figurant dans l'Historia de las Indias de Bartolomé de Las Casas ou dans l'Historia, attribuée à Fernando Colombo, fils de l'explorateur – tous deux ayant disposé des papiers de Colomb.

CHRISTOPHE COLOMB

Les chroniqueurs de l'époque (Pierre d'Anghiera, Bernaldez, Oviedo) ont parlé de lui abondamment. Il faut aussi remarquer que l'historiographie officielle en Espagne fut infléchie dans un sens défavorable à l'Amiral des Indes par suite du procès qui opposa la Couronne à ses héritiers. La critique historique n'a pu commencer sérieusement qu'après la publication (en 1875) de l'Historia de Las Casas, restée inédite depuis le xvie siècle. On ranime sans cesse l'assez vaine querelle de l'origine du découvreur. Biography - Italian explorer. Little is known of Columbus’s early life.

biography - Italian explorer

The vast majority of scholars, citing Columbus’s testament of 1498 and archival documents from Genoa and Savona, believe that he was born in Genoa to a Christian household; however, it has been claimed that he was a converted Jew or that he was born in Spain, Portugal, or elsewhere. Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife. His career as a seaman began effectively in the Portuguese merchant marine. After surviving a shipwreck off Cape St. Vincent at the southwestern point of Portugal in 1476, he based himself in Lisbon, together with his brother Bartholomew.

In 1484 Columbus began seeking support for an Atlantic crossing from King John II of Portugal but was denied aid. At a more elevated level still, Franciscan brethren were preparing for the eventual end of the world, as they believed was prophesied in the Revelation to John. Christopher Columbus - Exploration. Christopher Columbus - Biography - Explorer. “I went to sea from the most tender age and have continued in a sea life to this day.

Christopher Columbus - Biography - Explorer

Whoever gives himself up to this art wants to know the secrets of Nature here below. It is more than forty years that I have been thus engaged. Wherever any one has sailed, there I have sailed.” “Speaking of myself, little profit had I won from twenty years of service, during which I have served with so great labors and perils, for today I have no roof over my head in Castile; if I wish to sleep or eat, I have no place to which to go, save an inn or tavern, and most often I lack the wherewithal to pay the score.” “They say that there is in that land an infinite amount of gold, and that the people wear corals on their heads and very large bracelets of coral on their feet and arms; and that with coral they adorn and inlay chairs and chests and tables.”

“This island and all the others are very fertile to a limitless degree, and this island is extremely so.

Journal de bord de Christophe Colomb