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Colisée (Colloseum)

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Colosseo. Probabilmente il monumento più famoso al mondo, conosciuto con il nome di Colosseo a causa della colossale statua di bronzo di Nerone che nel II sec.d.C. fu messa vicino al monumento, si chiama in realtà Anfiteatro Flavio.


Voluto dall’imperatore Vespasiano e terminato da suo figlio Tito nell’80 d.C., l’edificio era destinato ai combattimenti e giochi tra i gladiatori (munera) e alle simulazioni di caccia ad animali feroci ed esotici (venationes). L’esterno è composto da quattro ordini architettonici sovrapposti: i primi tre sono formati da ottanta arcate inquadrate da semicolonne, mentre il quarto ordine è suddiviso in riquadri intervallati da finestre. Nell’ultimo ordine erano inseriti supporti in muratura e in legno per sostenere un immenso telone (velarium) che serviva a riparare gli spettatori dal sole e dalla pioggia.

All’interno (cavea) c’erano gradinate in laterizio rivestite in marmo. L’arena era realizzata con una grande tavola di legno ricoperta di sabbia. Indirizzo Sito web: Secrets of the Colosseum. History - The Colosseum: Emblem of Rome. Colosseum - Ancient History. The Colosseum saw some four centuries of active use, until the struggles of the Western Roman Empire and the gradual change in public tastes put an end to gladiatorial combats and other large public entertainments by the 6th century A.D.

Colosseum - Ancient History

Even by that time, the arena had suffered damaged due to natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the centuries to come, the Colosseum was abandoned completely, and used as a quarry for numerous building projects, including the cathedrals of St. Peter and St. John Lateran, the Palazzo Venezia and defense fortifications along the Tiber River. Beginning in the 18th century, however, various popes sought to conserve the arena as a sacred Christian site, though it is in fact uncertain whether early Christian martyrs met their fate in the Colosseum, as has been speculated. Colosseo – Colysée. Le Colisée de Rome pourrait bientôt retrouver son plancher. Plan de Rome. Situé au milieu d’une large vallée entourée par les hauteurs du Palatin, de l’Esquilin et du Caelius, le Colisée ou Amphithéâtre Flavien reste un des monuments les plus imposants de Rome.

Plan de Rome

C’est l’empereur flavien Vespasien qui fit débuter les travaux en 70 ap. J. -C. Ses fils Titus et Domitien contribuèrent aussi à sa construction ; l’inauguration eut lieu en 80 ap. J. Cet amphithéâtre fut construit à l’emplacement même de l’étang de la Domus Aurea de Néron. Les travaux durèrent dix ans pour les structures en travertin et en briques et deux ans pour les finitions, sous les règnes de Titus, puis de Domitien. L’ensemble de l’amphithéâtre est elliptique, d’un périmètre de 524 m avec des axes de 156 m et de 188 m. Colisée, Palatin et Forum Romain: Billets, visites guidées et privées - Musèes Rome.

Colosseum — Colisée. Located in the archaeological heart of the city of Rome, the Flavian Amphitheatre, or, more commonly, the Colosseum, stands for monumentality and receives daily a large number of visitors attracted by the enchantment of its history and its complex architecture.

Colosseum — Colisée

Built in the first century CE at the behest of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty, the Colosseum, named after a colossal statue that stood nearby, until the end of the Ancient Age accommodated games of great popular appeal, such as hunts and gladiatorial fights. The building was, and still is today, a show in itself. In fact, it is the largest amphitheatre not only in the city of Rome but in the world, able to offer stunning sceneries as well as services for spectators. Symbol of the pageantry of the Empire, over the centuries the Amphitheatre has changed its face and its function, offering itself as a structured space also open to the Roman community. Colisée ou amphithéâtre Flavien. Amphithéâtre romain, dont le nom vient de la statue colossale de Néron qui se trouvait à proximité.

Colisée ou amphithéâtre Flavien

Commencé par Vespasien, achevé par Titus en 80 après J. -C., il pouvait contenir jusqu'à 100 000 spectateurs ; sa façade extérieure comporte quatre ordres d'étages. À l'intérieur (cavea), tous les étages étaient desservis par des galeries concentriques et rayonnantes (vomitoria) et par des escaliers. COLISÉE, Rome. Encyclopedia Britannica. Arena, Rome, ItalyArticle Free Pass Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

Encyclopedia Britannica

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You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Alternate title: Flavian Amphitheatre Last Updated Colosseum, also called Flavian Amphitheatre, giant amphitheatre built in Rome under the Flavian emperors. The structure was officially dedicated in 80 ce by Titus in a ceremony that included 100 days of games. The amphitheatre seated some 50,000 spectators, who were shielded from the sun by a massive retractable velarium (awning).