Roman Law & Government. Possession of citizenship was desired by Romans and barbari alike.
Besides making one safe from the death penalty, a Roman citizen enjoyed: suffragium - the right to vote commercium - the right to make contractsconubium - the right to contract a legal marriage Citizens did have responsibilities: they were taxed, and the men needed to complete a term of military service (in fact, only a citizen could become a Roman legionary). Only a citizen could use the praenomen-nomen-cognomen set of names. A complex set of rules determined who was or was not a Roman citizen. Children born to Roman legionaries during their military service were NOT citizens. it was illegal for legionaries to wed while serving their 20-year tour of duty and, thus, there could be no conubium. Factors other than birthright arose over time to determine citizenship: Latini, people from the Latin states, who took up residence in Rome were granted a class of citizenship with limited rights. Joan Jahnige, May 2002 Top | ^ Mores. The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 44 (1954), pp. 18-20.
The Roman Republic. The Romans established a form of government — a republic — that was copied by countries for centuries In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome's model.
The ladder to political power in the Roman Senate was different for the wealthy patricians than for the lower-class plebeians. It all began when the Romans overthrew their Etruscan conquerors in 509 B.C.E. Centered north of Rome, the Etruscans had ruled over the Romans for hundreds of years. Once free, the Romans established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state.
Full text of "THE ROMAN CITIZENSHIP" Roman Citizenship (Smith's Dictionary, 1875) p291 The Roman section only (pp291‑293) of an article on pp288‑293 of.
Paul the Roman Citizen: Roman Citizenship in the Ancient World and its Importance for Understanding Acts 22:22-29. Sean a. adams that in the case that there is a marriage between a Roman citizen anda non-citizen, the child would take the citizenship of the father.
Oneof the unique aspects of Roman citizenship was that it was conferredupon slaves at the time of manumission. This policy was quite oppositeto the practice of the Greeks, who did not grant citizenship to freedslaves. The third criterion, special concession, is quite complicated andto outline the various possibilities is not within the scope of this paper.However, some of these would include the founding of Roman colonies,outstanding service to Rome, military service, etc. History - Ancient History in depth: Romanisation: The Process of Becoming Roman. Cité latin civitas -atis. Encyclopedia Britannica. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.
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You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternate title: civitates civitas, plural Civitates, citizenship in ancient Rome. Beginning in the reign of Julius Caesar (c. 48 bc), colonies and municipia were established outside the Italian peninsula. Civitas also denoted a favoured provincial community. Www.classics.uwaterloo.ca/labyrinth_old/issue 91/Roman Citizenship-1.pdf. La citoyenneté romaine au temps de... La clause d’exception sur l’octroi de la citoyenneté romaine dans les traités entre Rome et ses alliés (Cicéron, pro Balbo § 32) L’accusateur pr étendait que Balbus jouissait illégalement de la citoyenneté romaine, non pas parce qu’il l’avait usurpée (§ 5), mais parce que la décision de Pompée de lui accorder cette récompense était illicite (§§ 7-8) .
En effet, Gadès était au bénéfice d’un traité d’alliance avec Rome et de ce fait, selon l’accusateur, Pompée aurait dû consulter les autorités municipales afin d’obtenir préalablement leur accord officiel ( populus fundus fieri . Dans sa réplique, Cicéron admet qu’à la fin de la guerre des alliés, les communautés d’Italie restées fidèles, auxquelles Rome avait proposé d’accorder en bloc la citoyenneté romaine en vertu de la lex Iulia de 90 av.