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Le palais Alcazar à Séville et le palais Alhambra à Grenade

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Historical kingdom, Spain. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

historical kingdom, Spain

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Alternative title: Gharnāṭa Granada, Arabic Gharnāṭa, Granada: Alhambra© Sillycoke/Shutterstock.comkingdom founded early in the 13th century out of the remnants of Almoravid power in Spain by Abū ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf ibn Naṣr al-Aḥmar, who became king as Muḥammad I (ruled 1232–73) and founded the Naṣrid dynasty. Granada. Granada, Albaicín© 1997; AISA, Archivo Iconográfico, Barcelona, Españacity, capital of Granada provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain.

Granada

It lies along the Genil River at the northwestern slope of the Sierra Nevada, 2,260 feet (689 metres) above sea level. The Darro River, much reduced by irrigation works along its lower course, flows for about a mile into the city from the east before turning sharply southward to join the Genil. It is canalized and covered along much of its course through the city. Granada: Alhambra © neftali/FotoliaThe city’s name may have been derived either from the Spanish granada (“pomegranate”), a locally abundant fruit that appears on the city’s coat of arms, or from its Moorish name, Karnattah (Gharnāṭah), possibly meaning “hill of strangers.” Ferdinand II: Ferdinand II with Isabella IArchivo Iconografico, S.A. FIN DU ROYAUME DE GRENADE. GRENADE, Espagne. Grenade en espagnol Granada. Ville d'Espagne, en Andalousie, chef-lieu de province, au pied de la sierra Nevada.

Grenade en espagnol Granada

Population : 241 003 hab. (recensement de 2011) Archevêché. Université. Centre touristique (quartiers anciens) au centre d'une plaine (vega) irriguée. Grenade sous les Zirides. Fortress, Granada, Spain. Alhambra, Granada: Alhambra © neftali/Fotoliapalace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, Spain.

fortress, Granada, Spain

The name Alhambra, signifying in Arabic “the red,” is probably derived from the colour of the sun-dried tapia, bricks made of fine gravel and clay, of which the outer walls are built. Alhambra: Partal Palace; Torre de las Damas© Toniflap/FotoliaConstructed on a plateau that overlooks the city of Granada, the palace was built chiefly between 1238 and 1358, in the reigns of Ibn al-Aḥmar, founder of the Naṣrid dynasty, and his successors.

The splendid decorations of the interior are ascribed to Yūsuf I (died 1354). After the expulsion of the Moors in 1492, much of the interior was effaced and the furniture was ruined or removed. ALHAMBRA NASRIDE - repères chronologiques. 1237 Muhammad ibn Yūsuf ibn Nasr, le fondateur de la dynastie nasride, prend le pouvoir, d'abord à Arjona, puis à Jaen, et, en 1237, à Grenade.

ALHAMBRA NASRIDE - repères chronologiques

Il intègre les villes portuaires d'Almería et de Malaga à son sultanat. Mais il doit reconnaître la suzeraineté de Ferdinand III de Castille, et il participe, aux côtés des chrétiens, à des batailles contre les armées musulmanes. 1237-1272 Muhammad Ier fait aménager des systèmes hydrauliques et construire une vaste enceinte sur le plateau de la Sabīka, un contrefort de la Sierra Nevada qui domine la ville de Grenade. La pointe occidentale du plateau porte un petit palais du xie siècle. Alhambra de l'arabe al-Ḥamrā' la rouge. Palais et forteresse des derniers souverains arabes de Grenade, sur une hauteur dominant la ville.

Alhambra de l'arabe al-Ḥamrā' la rouge

Alcazaba du xiiie s. Ensemble palatial du xive s., d'une richesse décorative exubérante, organisé autour des deux cours « des Lions » et « des Myrtes ». Palais Renaissance de Charles Quint, entrepris en 1527 et non achevé. Beaux jardins. Spanish fortress. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

Spanish fortress

You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind: Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral, objective tone for a general audience. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternative title: alcázar. Province, Spain. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

province, Spain

You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind: Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral, objective tone for a general audience. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternative title: Seville. Sevilla. Sevilla, conventional Seville, ancient Hispalis, SevillaJupiterimagescity, capital of the provincia (province) of Sevilla, in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of southern Spain.

Sevilla

Sevilla lies on the left (east) bank of the Guadalquivir River at a point about 54 miles (87 km) north of the Atlantic Ocean and about 340 miles (550 km) southwest of Madrid. An inland port, it is the chief city of Andalusia and the fourth largest in Spain. Sevilla was important in history as a cultural centre, as a capital of Muslim Spain, and as a centre for Spanish exploration of the New World.

Pop. (2008 est.) 690,160. History Sevilla was originally an Iberian town. The Spanish discovery of the Americas brought new prosperity to the city. In the 18th century Spain’s Bourbon rulers managed to stimulate a limited economic revival in the city, but in the 19th century the French invasion, revolutions, and civil war halted such development. SÉVILLE. Séville en espagnol Sevilla. Ville d'Espagne, sur le Guadalquivir, capitale de l'Andalousie et quatrième ville d'Espagne.

Séville en espagnol Sevilla

Population : 698 042 hab. Alcazar mot espagnol de l'arabe al-qaṣr la forteresse. La Alhambra y el Generalife. Exhibition in the Palace of Charles V, on 19 September... Read more Download the official new Alhambra app and discover the history and the routes around the Alhambra, and all of its best-kept secrets… Read more The Council of the Alhambra uses the Monument’s hidden charms to nourish our interest in our historic heritage, and also to appeal to our stomachs... Read more The unusual design of the Palace of Charles V within Spanish Renaissance architecture and its role in the ...

Réal Alcazár de Séville. La Cathédrale, l'Alcázar et l'Archivo de Indias de Séville. Valeur universelle exceptionnelle Brève synthèse La Cathédrale, l'Alcázar et l'Archivo de Indias en tant que série, forment ensemble un complexe monumental remarquable au cœur de Séville. Ils résument parfaitement "l'Âge d'Or" espagnol en intégrant des vestiges de la culture islamique, des siècles de pouvoir ecclésiastique, de souveraineté royale et le pouvoir commercial qu'avait acquis l'Espagne grâce à ses colonies dans le Nouveau Monde. Fondée en 1403 à l'emplacement d'une ancienne mosquée, la Cathédrale, construite en style gothique et Renaissance, couvre sept siècles d'histoire.

Avec ses cinq nefs c'est le plus grand édifice gothique d'Europe.