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1935 : Les lois de Nuremberg

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German history. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

German history

You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind: Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral, objective tone for a general audience. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternative title: Nuremberg Laws Nürnberg Laws, two race-based measures depriving Jews of rights, designed by Adolf Hitler and approved by the Nazi Party at a convention in Nürnberg on September 15, 1935.

World War II trials. Nürnberg trials, Nürnberg also spelled Nuremberg, Nürnberg trialsContunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainzseries of trials held in Nürnberg, Germany, in 1945–46, in which former Nazi leaders were indicted and tried as war criminals by the International Military Tribunal.

World War II trials

The indictment lodged against them contained four counts: (1) crimes against peace (i.e., the planning, initiating, and waging of wars of aggression in violation of international treaties and agreements), (2) crimes against humanity (i.e., exterminations, deportations, and genocide), (3) war crimes (i.e., violations of the laws of war), and (4) “a common plan or conspiracy to commit” the criminal acts listed in the first three counts. Nürnberg trial verdictStock footage courtesy The WPA Film LibraryThe authority of the International Military Tribunal to conduct these trials stemmed from the London Agreement of August 8, 1945. In rendering these decisions, the tribunal rejected the major defenses offered by the defendants. Nurnberg. Nürnberg, English conventional Nuremberg, NürnbergPrashanthnscity, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany.

Nurnberg

Bavaria’s second largest city (after Munich), Nürnberg is located on the Pegnitz River where it emerges from the uplands of Franconia (Franken), south of Erlangen. The city was first mentioned in 1050 in official records as Noremberg, but it had its origin in a castle (now known as Kaiserburg [imperial castle]) built about 10 years earlier by the German king Henry III, duke of Bavaria, who became in 1046 Holy Roman emperor. A settlement developed around the castle, and in 1219 the city was granted its first charter. The city soon gained full independence, becoming a free imperial city. In 1471 the painter Albrecht Dürer was born in Nürnberg.

In the early 17th century, Nürnberg was at the height of its economic and cultural development, yet by 1806 it had lost its status as a free imperial city and, much indebted, became part of the kingdom of Bavaria. PROCÈS DE NUREMBERG ET DE TOKYO. NUREMBERG (LOIS DE) Conçues par Adolf Hitler, approuvées à l’unanimité par le Reichstag le 15 septembre 1935 et proclamées à l’occasion du septième congrès du N.S.D.A.P. à Nuremberg, les lois de Nuremberg sont les premières normes juridiques à instaurer une discrimination raciale dans le IIIe Reich en privant les Juifs allemands de leurs droits civiques.

NUREMBERG (LOIS DE)

Lois d’exclusion, elles incarnent une législation antisémite nazie qui conduit à l’éviction des Juifs d’Europe. L'une de ces lois, la Reichsbürgergesetz (« loi sur la citoyenneté du Reich »), privait les Juifs de leur statut de citoyen (Reichsbürger) et les réduisait à de simples « ressortissants de l'État » (Staatsangehörige). PROCÈS DE NUREMBERG. NUREMBERG. Procès de Nuremberg 20 novembre 1945-1er octobre 1946.

Nuremberg en allemand Nürnberg. Ville d'Allemagne, en Bavière.

Nuremberg en allemand Nürnberg

Population : 486 314 hab. (recensement de 2011) Population pour l'agglomération (avec Erlangen et Fürth) : 1 200 000 hab. (estimation pour 2003) Établie au Moyen Âge sur la route Venise-Brenner-Scandinavie, la ville s'est industrialisée à partir du xixe s. (métallurgie différenciée, électrotechnique, chimie, imprimerie, alimentation). Mentionnée pour la première fois en 1050, la ville obtint de Frédéric II une lettre de franchise qui en fit une ville impériale (1219). Le centre historique, entouré d'une enceinte des xive-xvie s., conserve une partie de son cachet ancien et de ses monuments, plus ou moins restaurés : château impérial, remontant aux xie-xiie s. ; églises médiévales Saint-Sébald (xiiie-xve s. ; châsse du saint par les Vischer), Saint-Laurent (xive-xve s. ; tabernacle d'A.