Batailles de 1759 et 1760. Vue de la prise de Québec, le 13 septembre 1759. Les Plaines d'Abraham. Francis Parkman. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, (born Nov. 11, 1729, Paris—died Aug. 31, 1811, Paris), French navigator who explored areas of the South Pacific as leader of the French naval force that first sailed around the world (1766–69).
His widely read account, Voyage autour du monde (1771; A Voyage Round the World, 1772), helped popularize a belief in the moral worth of man in his natural state, a concept of considerable significance in the French thought of his day. Entering the army at age 24, Bougainville went to Canada (1756) as aide-de-camp to Gen. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and distinguished himself against the British in the French and Indian War. Having left the army for the navy in 1763, he voyaged the next year into the Atlantic near the tip of South America to establish a colony for France in the Falkland Islands. The colony was ceded to Spain in 1767. Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville. Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville. Navigateur français (Paris 1729-Paris 1811).
Fils d'un notaire, reçu avocat au barreau de Paris, il s'intéresse aux mathématiques et publie un Traité du calcul intégral. Cherchant une voie moins sédentaire, il se tourne vers l'armée. Avec l'appui de la marquise de Pompadour, il est nommé premier aide de camp de Montcalm. Débarqué à Québec en 1756, il participe à la lutte contre les Anglais et s'empare du fort William Henry, sur le lac Champlain, en 1757. Il sera chargé d'organiser la capitulation des forces françaises (1760). En avril 1768, il atteint Tahiti, et le récit de son séjour dans ce « jardin d'Éden » (Voyage autour du monde (1771) ) fera beaucoup pour développer le mythe du « bon sauvage ». LOUIS ANTOINE BOUGAINVILLE.
American historian. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, marquis de Montcalm. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, marquis de Montcalm, in full Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Veran (born Feb. 28, 1712, Candiac, France—died Sept. 14, 1759, Quebec), general who served as commander in chief of French forces in Canada (1756–59) during the Seven Years’ War, a worldwide struggle between Great Britain and France for colonial possessions.
Montcalm joined the army as an ensign at age nine. His first war experience came in 1733 against the Austrians in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–38). In the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) he distinguished himself during the defense of Prague (1742), and he was made colonel of his regiment at Auxerre in 1743. He again distinguished himself at the Battle of Piacenza (1746), where he received five sabre wounds and was taken prisoner. He was later exchanged. Montcalm had inherited his father’s titles and property in 1735. In 1759 the British sent Gen. LOUIS JOSEPH MONTCALM DE SAINT-VÉRAN.
Louis Joseph marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Véran. Biography - British general. James Wolfe, (born Jan. 2, 1727, Westerham, Kent, Eng.
—died Sept. 13, 1759, Quebec), commander of the British army at the capture of Quebec from the French in 1759, a victory that led to British supremacy in Canada. The elder son of Lieutenant General Edward Wolfe, he was commissioned in the Royal Marines in 1741 but transferred almost immediately to the 12th Foot. Wolfe was on active service continuously until the end of the War of the Austrian Succession, fighting against the French at Dettingen (1743) and later at Falkirk and Culloden (1746) during the Jacobite rebellion.
He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1750 and served as brigadier general under Major General Jeffery Amherst in an expedition against the French at Cape Breton Island (1758). The capture of Louisbourg, a fortress on the island, was largely attributed to Wolfe’s daring and determination. James Wolfe. Plateau, Quebec, Canada. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.
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Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternative titles: Heights of Abraham; Plaines d’Abraham. Plaines d'Abraham. North America  BATAILLE DE QUÉBEC.