We Figured out How To "Fingerprint" the Brain, and It Could Prevent Disease. In Brief Researchers measured and mapped the brain connections of 699 people to create their "brain fingerprints," learning in the process that each person's is unique and changes over time.In the future, the new mapping technique could help us determine susceptibility to disease even before said disease manifests symptoms.
Your Unique Brain Beyond its usage in criminal science, the advent of fingerprinting has done a lot to help us understand the human body’s development. The same thing is poised to happen on a much more intricate level as researchers have now found a way to “fingerprint” the brain. It has long been suspected that structural connections in the brain are unique to an individual. To test this theory, a team from Carnegie Mellon University studied the wiring of the brain using a method called diffusion MRI, a non-invasive approach that provides a much more detailed picture of the brain’s connections than was previously possible.
More than ID. Yale researchers reverse type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats - Futurism | Futurism. Synopsis Yale researchers developed a controlled-release oral therapy that reversed type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats, according to a study published on Feb. 26 by Science. Summary Existing therapies for type 2 diabetes, and the closely associated conditions of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), have had limited success at treating the root causes of these diseases.Based on their earlier studies, the researchers determined that toxicity associated with the agent — mitochondrial protonophore 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) — was related to its peak plasma concentrations. Researchers create needle-free patch for disease detection. In Brief Australian researchers have developed a patch that can detect disease-carrying proteins directly from your skin.
The Breakthrough Australian researchers have developed a small silicon chip coated with sharp, densely packed microneedles into a diagnostic patch that can be applied to the skin. “The concept here is that we could just put a patch on the skin and this could give a result based on what it can find in your blood,” said Simon Corrie, who is leading the research. The Implications The device, once applied in the field, could remove the need for invasive blood extraction and lengthy diagnostic delays in laboratories.
Implanted Computer Chip Injects Patients with Medication Remotely Controlled by Doctor. Smart Insulin Patch a “Game Changer” for Diabetic Medicine. Current Hassles of Self-Treating Nearly 30 million people in America suffer from diabetes. Currently, daily monitoring for those with diabetes involves routine finger pricking with a needle and giving themselves a shot of insulin. If they make a mistake calculating the level of insulin they need, the outcome could be as drastic as coma or death. Now, there may be a far more precise and innovative way to treat this condition. The Smart Patch Researchers have designed a “smart insulin patch” that uses hundreds of incredibly small micro-needles able to deploy insulin based on built in glucose sensing-enzymes.
Game-Changing Technology Though not ready to be put on diabetic patients just yet, co-senior author John Buse, Director of Diabetes Care Center at UNC and a former president of the American Diabetes Association says the patch is a “a game changer” for diabetic medicine. Sources: Medical News Today, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionImage: Medical Xpress. World's First Ibuprofen Patch Can Deliver Pain Relief Through Your Skin.
In Brief Researchers have invented a medicinal, adhesive patch that can be directly placed onto the skin to deliver controlled doses of ibuprofen. Pain Relief Scientists from the University of Warwick, in partnership with Medherant, are currently working to patent the world’s first ibuprofen patch. The patch is designed to deliver the drug consistently to the affected area, straight through the individual’s skin. The researchers have incorporated up to 30% of the drug into the polymer matrix that attaches to the skin and delivers steady doses of ibuprofen for over up to 12 hours. Despite the existence of medicinal patches and gels, this is the first one invented that allows the delivery of medicine to be controlled and provides easier application.
The company claims that it is also designed for better adhesion versus existing products that are on the market. Bandaid Solution. One injection stops diabetes in its tracks: Treatment reverses symptoms of type 2 diabetes in mice without side effects -- ScienceDaily. In mice with diet-induced diabetes -- the equivalent of type 2 diabetes in humans -- a single injection of the protein FGF1 is enough to restore blood sugar levels to a healthy range for more than two days. The discovery by Salk scientists, published today in the journal Nature, could lead to a new generation of safer, more effective diabetes drugs.
The team found that sustained treatment with the protein doesn't merely keep blood sugar under control, but also reverses insulin insensitivity, the underlying physiological cause of diabetes. Equally exciting, the newly developed treatment doesn't result in side effects common to most current diabetes treatments. "Controlling glucose is a dominant problem in our society," says Ronald M. Type 2 diabetes, which can be brought on by excess weight and inactivity, has skyrocketed over the past few decades in the United States and around the world.