World War II
The Reinforcement of the Philippines When General MacArthur assumed command of U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, there was no program in the War Department for any immediate large-scale reinforcement of the Islands.
by James H. Cowan May 1, 1972 ------ DECEMBER 8, 1941 I was a young Army Air Force soldier stationed at Clark Field in the Philippine Islands. We had come to the Islands in September and October of 1941 as part of the 19th Bombardment Group. There were six squadrons in the group. My squadron was Headquarters.
The attack on Pearl Harbor (called Hawaii Operation or Operation AI [ 9 ] [ 10 ] by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters ( Operation Z in planning) [ 11 ] and the Battle of Pearl Harbor [ 12 ] ) was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor , Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). From the standpoint of the defenders, the attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time . [ 13 ] The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S.
A first draft of the Infamy Speech, with changes by Roosevelt The Presidential Address to Congress of December 8, 1941 [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] (known as the Infamy Speech or Day of Infamy Speech [ 4 ] [ 5 ] ) was delivered at 12:30 p.m. that day to a Joint Session of Congress by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt , one day after the Empire of Japan 's attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base , Hawaii.
From its inception as an independent nation, the United States has been a sea-going nation, building up a powerful naval force to protect American shipping and economic interests, as well as to defend the coastline.
USS Greer (DD–145) was a Wickes -class destroyer in the United States Navy , the first ship named for Rear Admiral James A. Greer (1833–1904). In what became known as the " Greer incident," she became the first U.S. Navy ship to fire on a German ship, three months before the United States officially entered World War II . The incident led President Franklin D.
Coordinates : USS Reuben James (DD-245) —a post-World War I, four-funnel Clemson -class destroyer —was the first United States Navy ship sunk by hostile action in World War II and the first named for Boatswain's Mate Reuben James ( c .1776–1838), who distinguished himself fighting in the Barbary Wars . Reuben James was laid down on 2 April 1919 by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation of Camden, New Jersey , launched on 4 October 1919, and commissioned on 24 September 1920, with Commander Gordon W.