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The elaboration of the revised National Sustainable Development Strategy 2013-2020-2030 (NSDS) was an obligation that Romania undertook as an EU member state in conformity with agreed Community objectives and the methodological guidelines of the European Commission. The document was the result of a joint project of the Romanian Government, through the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, and the United Nations Development Programme, through the National Centre for Sustainable Development in Bucharest. The Strategy was approved by the Government of Romania (Decision no. 1460 of 12 November 2008) and submitted to the European Commission at the end of 2008. National Centre for Sustainable Development
Waste Management Considerations | Waste Management for Homeland Security Incidents There are many considerations that should be taken into account during the decision-making process regarding how and where to manage the waste. Below are questions that you should consider: What is the nature of the event? The nature of the event may influence how the resulting waste is managed. Generally, different types of incidents can generate different kinds of waste. For example, animal disease outbreaks may result in carcasses contaminated with biological agents.
Waste transfer stations are facilities where municipal solid waste is unloaded from collection vehicles and briefly held while it is reloaded onto larger long-distance transport vehicles for shipment to landfills or other treatment or disposal facilities. By combining the loads of several individual waste collection trucks into a single shipment, communities can save money on the labor and operating costs of transporting the waste to a distant disposal site. They can also reduce the total number of vehicular trips traveling to and from the disposal site. Although waste transfer stations help reduce the impacts of trucks traveling to and from the disposal site, they can cause an increase in traffic in the immediate area where they are located. If not properly sited, designed and operated they can cause problems for residents living near them. Transfer Stations | Municipal Solid Waste | Wastes
Diverting waste from landfill - Effectiveness of waste-management policies in the European Union — EEA
Biodegradable Waste - Environment - European Commission Additional tools Bio-waste is defined as biodegradable garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises, and comparable waste from food processing plants. It does not include forestry or agricultural residues, manure, sewage sludge, or other biodegradable waste such as natural textiles, paper or processed wood. It also excludes those by-products of food production that never become waste. Currently the main environmental threat from biowaste (and other biodegradable waste) is the production of methane from such waste decomposing in landfills, which accounted for some 3% of total greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-15 in 1995.
Additional tools What are the end-of-waste criteria, and why are they needed? End-of-waste criteria specify when certain waste ceases to be waste and obtains a status of a product (or a secondary raw material). According to Article 6 (1) and (2) of the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC, certain specified waste shall cease to be waste when it has undergone a recovery (including recycling) operation and complies with specific criteria to be developed in line with certain legal conditions, in particular: Waste Framework Directive - Environment - European Commission
Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants | Waste
Official Journal - 2005 - L 157 Official Journal of the European Union Volume 48 21 June 2005
Ministry of Environment - Directorate for European Affaires and Community Policies Implementation Plans for 12 directives and one regulation were elaborated during the negotiations for the EU accession in order to support the requested transition periods. They were elaborated in two phases: Phase 1
The terms 'mechanical biological treatment' (MBT) or 'mechanical biological pre-treatment' relate to a group of solid waste systems that combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or Anaerobic Digestion. MBT plants are normally designed to process mixed wastes, but can also process source segregated waste. The "mechanical" element is usually an automated mechanical sorting stage. This either removes recyclable elements from a mixed waste stream (such as metals, plastics, glass and paper) or processes them. SEPA - Mechanical biological treatment
A summary of the types of waste managed by permitted waste management facilities in 2010. This information will be useful for local authorities, planning bodies and businesses involved in planning for future waste facilities. These pages form one of a series of annual reports summarising our waste data. Future reports will seek to breakdown the data to a more detailed site type level whilst still representing in the format provided now to enable its use as a time series. You can download a report summarising data for England and Wales for 2010 from the “downloads” box on the right in pdf format. Detailed information at both national and former regional planning level can be accessed from the data tables page. Waste management 2010
SR2008No18 Non-hazardous mechanical biological (aerobic) treatment facility There are three sets of standard rules for sites accepting less than 75,000 tonnes of waste per annum. We have revised the standard rules for this activity so there is now only one tonnage band. Permitted wastes include municipal wastes that are subjected to biological treatment consisting of: aerobic composting or bio-drying heat treatment physical treatment including screening, crushing, baling or shredding, and pelletising for the purpose of recovery.
Where we stand on recycling issues, waste management and waste regulations. Biowaste, composting and agriculture Composting and potential health effects from bioaerosols: our interim guidance for permit applicants We have outlined our approach to the permitting of composting activities and bioaerosols in our revised position statement dated November 2010. Waste
Standard permits for waste operations
Use of sewage sludge in agriculture