Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art. He is best known for his book The Decline of the West ( Der Untergang des Abendlandes ), published in 1918 and 1922, covering all of world history. He proposed a new theory , according to which the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay. He wrote extensively throughout World War I and the interwar period, and supported German hegemony in Europe. His other writings made little impact outside Germany. In 1920 Spengler produced Prussiandom and Socialism ( Preußentum und Sozialismus ), which argued for an organic, nationalist version of socialism and authoritarianism. Oswald Spengler
Martin Niemöller Martin Niemöller auf einer deutschen Briefmarke von Gerd Aretz (1992) Emil Gustav Friedrich Martin Niemöller (* 14. Januar 1892 in Lippstadt ; † 6.
James Grover Thurber (December 8, 1894 – November 2, 1961) was an American author, cartoonist and celebrated wit. Thurber was best known for his cartoons and short stories , published mainly in The New Yorker magazine and collected in his numerous books. James Thurber
Ivan Pavlov Ivan Petrovich Pavlov ( Russian : Ива́н Петро́вич Па́влов ; 26 September [ O.S. 14 September] 1849 – 27 February 1936) was a famous Russian physiologist . From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual brilliance along with an unusual energy which he named "the instinct for research". [ 1 ] Inspired when the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev , the most eminent of the Russian literary critics of the 1860s and I. M. Sechenov , the father of Russian physiology, were spreading, Pavlov abandoned his religious career and decided to devote his life to science.
Soong May-ling or Soong Mei-ling , also known as Madame Chiang Kai-shek or Madame Chiang ( traditional Chinese : 宋美齡 ; simplified Chinese : 宋美龄 ; pinyin : Sòng Měilíng ; March 5, 1898 [ 1 ] – October 23, 2003) was a First Lady of the Republic of China (ROC), the wife of Generalissimo and President Chiang Kai-shek . She was a politician , painter and the chairman of Fu Jen Catholic University . The youngest and the last surviving of the three Soong sisters , she played a prominent role in the politics of the Republic of China and was the sister-in-law of Sun Yat-sen , the leader of the Republic of China preceding her husband. [ edit ] Childhood and Education Soong May-ling
Antonin Artaud For the Pescado Rabioso 1973 album, see Artaud (album) Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud , better known as Antonin Artaud (4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French playwright , poet , actor and theatre director . Antonin is a diminutive form of Antoine " little Anthony ", and was among a list of names which Artaud used throughout his writing career. [ edit ] Background Antonin Artaud was born in Marseille , France, to Euphrasie Nalpas and Antoine-Roi Artaud. [ 1 ] Both his parents were natives of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir ), and he was greatly affected by his Greek ancestry. [ 1 ] His mother gave birth to nine children, but only Antonin and one sister survived infancy. When he was four years old, Artaud had a severe case of meningitis , which gave Artaud a nervous, irritable temperament throughout his adolescence.
Walter H. G. Lewin, Ph.D. (born January 29, 1936), is a Dutch astrophysicist and professor emeritus of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). [ edit ] Education and career He earned his Ph.D. degree in nuclear physics in 1965 at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands . Walter Lewin
Michel Foucault ( French: [miʃɛl fuko] ; born Paul-Michel Foucault ) (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) was a French philosopher , social theorist , historian of ideas , and literary critic . His philosophical theories addressed what power is and how it works, the manner in which it controls knowledge and vice versa, and how it is used as a form of social control . Foucault is best known for his critical studies of social institutions, most notably psychiatry , social anthropology of medicine, the human sciences , the prison system, and the history of human sexuality .
Leo Strauss Leo Strauss (September 20, 1899 – October 18, 1973) was a German – American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy . He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated to the United States. He spent most of his career as a professor of political science at the University of Chicago , where he taught several generations of students and published fifteen books. [ 1 ]
Sayyid Qutb Sayyid Qutb ( Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈsæjjed ˈʔotˤb] , Arabic: [ˈsæjjɪd ˈqʊtˤb] ; also Said, Syed, Seyyid, Sayid, or Sayed; Koteb, Qutub, Kotb, or Kutb) ( Arabic : سيد قطب ; 9 October 1906 – 29 August 1966) was an Egyptian author, educator, Islamist theorist, poet , and the leading member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and '60s. In 1966 he was convicted of plotting the assassination of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging. Author of 24 books, including novels, literary arts’ critique and works on education, he is best known in the Muslim world for his work on what he believed to be the social and political role of Islam , particularly in his books Social Justice and Ma'alim fi-l-Tariq ( Milestones ). His magnum opus , Fi Zilal al-Qur'an ( In the shade of the Qur'an ), is a 30-volume commentary on the Qur'an .
Vadim Zeeland Vadim Zeeland (Rus. Вадим Зеланд) is a contemporary Russian mystic and writer. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Background
Judith Miller (born 1941) is a French philosopher , and the daughter of Jacques Lacan — radical psychoanalyst , and wife to prominent Lacanian Jacques-Alain Miller . As a Maoist philosophy lecturer at Vincennes in Paris , her radicalism was used as a reason for her philosophy department to be decertified. [ 1 ] This occurred after she handed out course credit to someone she met on a bus, and subsequently publicly declared in a radio interview that the university is a capitalist institution, and that she would do everything she could to make it run as badly as possible. After this, she was demoted by the French education department to a lycée teacher. [ edit ] Works 'Métaphysique de la physique de Galilée', Cahiers pour l’Analyse 9.9 (1968) Le Champ freudien à travers le monde: textes recueillis , Paris: Seuil, 1986. Judith Miller (philosopher)
Richard David Precht (born December 8, 1964) is a German writer who has become especially well known as an author of successful popular science books about philosophical issues. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ edit ] Life Richard David Precht was born as a son of a married couple (Hans-Jürgen Precht, 30 April 1933 in Hannover ; Mother 1 August 1938 in Neuhof bei Berlin). He grew up in an alternative and unconventional- bourgeois family with five children including two Vietnamese adoptees whom the parents adopted in 1969 and 1972 symbolically against the Vietnam War . Richard David Precht
List of fictional princesses This is a list of fictional princesses that have appeared in various works of fiction. This list is organized by medium and limited to well-referenced, notable examples of fictional as well as mythological princesses. [ edit ] Mythology [ edit ] Literature
Éric Moussambani Eric Moussambani Malonga (nacido el 31 de mayo de 1978 ) es un nadador de Guinea Ecuatorial , que representó a su país en los Juegos Olímpicos de Sídney 2000 . [ editar ] Biografía Apodado Eric la anguila, Peter la Anguila, Harry Potter o El Multiusos por los medios de comunicación, ganó fama mundial en los Juegos Olímpicos de Sídney , celebrados en el año 2000, cuando nadó la prueba de 100 metros libres en 1 minuto 52,72 segundos, más del doble que sus competidores más rápidos e incluso superior a la plusmarca mundial de 200 metros.