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Instructional Design (also called Instructional Systems Design (ISD) ) is the practice of creating "instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing." [ 1 ] The process consists broadly of determining the current state and needs of the learner, defining the end goal of instruction, and creating some "intervention" to assist in the transition. Ideally the process is informed by pedagogically (process of teaching) and andragogically (adult learning) tested theories of learning and may take place in student-only, teacher-led or community-based settings. The outcome of this instruction may be directly observable and scientifically measured or completely hidden and assumed. There are many instructional design models but many are based on the ADDIE model with the five phases: 1) analysis, 2) design, 3) development, 4) implementation, and 5) evaluation.
ID models, defs
Whether you choose to follow a career in Instructional Design or just happen to fall into it, there’s no reason to be a square peg in a round hole. You’ll discover there are numerous paths you can follow in this field. The roles and responsibilities can be so diverse and varied, that you might not even recognize there’s an instructional designer behind the curtain.