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Frozen Scythian stallions unravel mysteries of horse domestication | Science | AAAS. First tamed by humans about 6000 years ago, horses today bear distinct marks of their early domestication. Thousands of years of inbreeding, for example, have littered horse genomes with detrimental DNA. And because modern stallions all share a similar Y chromosome, early equestrians must have studded their herds with just a few males. Or so researchers thought. Now, by sequencing the genomes of 11 frozen stallions buried 2300 years ago in a Scythian prince’s tomb in the permafrost of Kazakhstan (above), researchers have discovered that the first horses came from plentiful male stock. Giraffe genes reveal they rely upon turbo-charged heart for distinctive body shape.

It is a question that should have been answered by Rudyard Kipling, but now scientists have really solved the riddle of what is behind the giraffe's most iconic feature. It turns out the long neck took a long time, up to 20 million years, to evolve. Scientists mapped the complete genome of the world's tallest creature for the first time, and found just a few well-known genes are responsible for the animal's unique features. Scroll down for videos It is a question that should have been answered in Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories, but now scientists have solved the riddle of what is behind the giraffe's most iconic feature.

It turns out the long neck took a long time, up to 20 million years, to evolve The researchers wanted to identify genetic changes likely to be responsible for the giraffe's unique characteristics, including sprints that can reach 37 miles per hour (60 km/h). This formed thanks to dozens of mutations that allowed it to grow gradually over millions of years. Conservationists hail 'extraordinary' discovery of African zebra herd migrating 300 miles to watering holes. The journey was made by about 2,000 zebra who travelled between Namibia and BotswanaIt encompasses a round trip journey of 500 kilometers (300 miles)Zebra migration reaches farther than any other documented in AfricaThe newfound migration is a rare bright spot at a time when mass movements of wildlife are disappearing By Travelmail Reporter Published: 09:37 GMT, 2 June 2014 | Updated: 10:24 GMT, 2 June 2014 At a time when mankind's encroachment on habitats is increasingly leading species to extinction, scientists have discovered a mass migration of animals in Africa that reaches farther than any other documented on the continent.

The journey made by about 2,000 zebra who travelled between Namibia and Botswana, two countries in a sparsely populated part of southern Africa, was discovered by wildlife experts only after some of the zebras were collared with tracking devices. 'This is the longest known land migration in Africa, in terms of distance between endpoints,' Naidoo said. Polar bear evolved to survive being a heart attack waiting to happen. If you ask what separates two species, a lot of people would tell you that an inability to produce fertile offspring is the key test.

But the polar bear provides a great example of how biology refuses to be pinned down by these simple binary distinctions. Despite a number of very obvious features that distinguish the polar bear from other bears, it readily produces fertile offspring with brown bears. And fossil evidence suggests that the two species separated about half a million years ago. Researchers have now sequenced 80 separate polar bear genomes as well as a number of brown bears for comparison, and the results show that appearances only tell a very small part of the story. Although fossil evidence has suggested that polar and brown bears shared a common ancestor relatively recently, there have been a few indications that the two may have been separated for over a million years. Are these the cutest furry animals in the world? Flying squirrels of Siberia pop out to say hello. Siberian or Russian flying squirrels pictured on Japanese island HokkaidoPictures of them playing are unusual as they are shy animals and nocturnal By Suzannah Hills Published: 17:13 GMT, 18 February 2013 | Updated: 11:12 GMT, 19 February 2013 If a prize is being handed out for the world's cutest creature, the Siberian flying squirrel is certainly in with a chance of winning.

These large-eyed tree-dwellers could come from a Disney film with their large eyes and, seemingly, expressive features. Two squirrels in particular appear to be giving their cutest poses for the camera with one particularly adorable image showing a squirrel peering out from a nest hole. Scroll down for video Adorable: A Siberian flying squirrel - otherwise called a Russian flying squirrel - balances between a tree and tiny branch in this picture captured by Masatsugu Ohashi on the Japanese island of Hokkaido Peek-a-boo: A Siberian flying squirrel - which are incredibly shy and nocturnal - pocks its head out of a nest hole. No esc-ape from the law: Chimpanzees have policemen, too.

By Ted Thornhill Updated: 12:42 GMT, 8 March 2012 If you thought ‘law of the jungle’ was just an expression, think again. New research has shown that there really are policemen in rainforests – and they’re chimpanzees. They may not wear helmets and carry handcuffs, but chimpanzees engage in impartial ‘policing’ of conflict, according to anthropologists from the University of Zurich, led by Professor Carel van Schaik and Claudia Rudolf von Rohr. They reveal that chimpanzees mediate conflicts between other group members not for their own direct benefit, but to preserve the peace within the group. 'Ello, 'ello, 'ello: Chimpanzees deploy policemen to keep the peace, according to a new study The authors suggest that this behaviour can be regarded as an early evolutionary form of morality.

Until now, this morally motivated behaviour in chimpanzees was only ever documented anecdotally. This policing activity was rare and generally limited to high-ranking individuals.