Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. This immaturity is self-imposed when its cause lies not in lack of understanding, but in lack of resolve and courage to use it without guidance from another. Sapere Aude ! [dare to know] "Have courage to use your own understanding!"
The birthplace of Hegel in Stuttgart , which now houses The Hegel Museum Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( German: [ˈɡeɔɐ̯k ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈheːɡəl] ; August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher , and a major figure in German Idealism . His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism .
Alain Badiou ( French: [alɛ̃ badju] (listen) ; born 17 January 1937) is a French philosopher , professor at European Graduate School , formerly chair of Philosophy at the École Normale Supérieure (ENS). [ 1 ] Badiou has written about the concepts of being , truth and the subject in a way that, he claims, is neither postmodern nor simply a repetition of modernity . Politically, Badiou is committed to the far left, and to the communist tradition. [ edit ] Biography Badiou was a student at the Lycée Louis-Le-Grand and then the Ecole Normale Supérieure (1957–1961).
Editorial by Tim Delaney In recent years there has been a growing concern over the topic of sustainability.
Book with "Dieu, la Loi, et le Roi" on one page and the golden rule on the other. The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim , [ 1 ] ethical code or morality [ 2 ] that essentially states either of the following: (Positive form of Golden Rule): One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself. [ 1 ] (Negative form of Golden Rule): One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated. This concept describes a "reciprocal", or "two-way", relationship between one's self and others that involves both sides equally , and in a mutual fashion. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] This concept can be explained from the perspective of psychology, philosophy, sociology and religion.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born 15 July 1953) is a Haitian former Catholic priest of the Salesian order and politician who served as Haiti 's first democratically elected president. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] A proponent of liberation theology , [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Aristide was appointed to a parish in Port-au-Prince in 1982 after completing his studies. He became a focal point for the pro-democracy movement first under Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier and then under the military transition regime which followed. He won the Haitian general election, 1990-1991 with 67% of the vote and was briefly President of Haiti , until a September 1991 military coup . The coup regime collapsed in 1994 under US pressure and threat of force ( Operation Uphold Democracy ) after Aristide agreed to roll back several reforms.