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Maurits Cornelis Escher ( pron.: / ˈ ɛ ʃ ər / , Dutch: [ˈmʌurɪts kɔrˈneːlɪs ˈɛʃər] ( listen ) ; [ 1 ] 17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972), usually referred to as M. C.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn ( Dutch: [ˈrɛmbrɑnt ˈɦɑrmə(n)soːn vɑn ˈrɛin] ( listen ) ; 15 July 1606 [ 1 ] – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher . He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history . [ 2 ] His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting , although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative. Having achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, Rembrandt's later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardships.