Claude Monet ( French pronunciation: [klod mɔnɛ/mɔne] ) (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise ( Impression, soleil levant ). Early life Claude Monet was born on 14 November 1840 on the 5th floor of 45 rue Laffitte , in the 9th arrondissement of Paris . [ 3 ] He was the second son of Claude Adolphe Monet and Louise Justine Aubrée Monet, both of them second-generation Parisians. On 20 May 1841, he was baptized in the local parish church, Notre-Dame-de-Lorette , as Oscar-Claude, but his parents called him simply Oscar. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] In 1845, his family moved to Le Havre in Normandy .
Perspective , in context of vision and visual perception , is the way in which objects appear to the eye based on their spatial attributes; or their dimensions and the position of the eye relative to the objects. There are two main meanings of the term: linear perspective and aerial perspective . The development of new forms of geometric projection in the construction of perspective corresponds with the invention of novel pictorial art forms of visual representation in the Italian Renaissance , since the fourteenth century and up till the end of the sixteenth century, and specifically within the circles of architectural and artistic experimentation and design.
Aesthetics ( also spelled æsthetics ) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art , beauty , and taste , with the creation and appreciation of beauty. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] It is more scientifically defined as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste. [ 3 ] More broadly, scholars in the field define aesthetics as "critical reflection on art, culture and nature ." [ 4 ] [ 5 ] More specific aesthetic theory, often with practical implications, relating to a particular branch of the arts is divided into areas of aesthetics such as art theory, literary theory , film theory and music theory . [ edit ] Etymology
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists. Their independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s, in spite of harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant ( Impression, Sunrise ), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satirical review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari . Impressionist painting characteristics include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition , emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Coordinates : Casa Milà at dusk Casa Milà ( Catalan pronunciation: [ˈkazə miˈɫa] ), better known as La Pedrera ( pronounced: [ɫə pəˈðɾeɾə] , meaning the 'The Quarry'), is a building designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí and built during the years 1906–1912. It is located at 92, Passeig de Gràcia ( passeig is Catalan for promenade) in the Eixample district of Barcelona , Catalonia , Spain . It was a controversial design at the time for the bold forms of the undulating stone facade and wrought iron decoration of the balconies and windows, designed largely by Josep Maria Jujol , who also created some of the plaster ceilings.