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The last question - #51754794. The last question şükela: tümü | bugün. Was Jesus a Buddhist? Was Jesus a Buddhist? Certainly he was many things--Jew, prophet, healer, moralist, revolutionary, by his own admission the Messiah, and for most Christians the Son of God and redeemer of their sins. And there is convincing evidence that he was also a Buddhist. The evidence follows two independent lines--the first is historical, and the second is textual. Historical evidence indicates that Jesus was well acquainted with Buddhism. If Jesus did not go to India, then at least India went to Judea and Jesus.

Historical accounts aside, many textual analyses indicate striking similarities between what was said by Jesus and by Buddha and between the prophetic legend of Jesus and ancient Buddhist texts. Historical evidence indicates that Jesus knew about Buddhism, simply because both he and it were in Judea during the same time. I owe thanks to the barbed but benign comments of my friend, Dale Bengtson. During Jesus' time, Judea was a Roman dominion and most of the trade was Roman. NOTES (1.) John Templeton Foundation : Does the Universe Have a Purpose? Western Philosophy. 8 Great Philosophical Questions That We'll Never Solve.

Western Philosophy - Mind Map. An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments. A reader recently wrote in asking if I could share a bit about the process of putting the book together and talk about how the project started. Certainly. I go on two solitary walks every day. There is a small park off the Embarcadero that is tucked away in a quiet spot. It has a pleasant stream flowing through it and an unassuming bench beside that stream. I have made walking to that frail bench a ritual, and the half an hour or so spent daydreaming on it amid the cool San Francisco breeze, an article of faith. It was on a day in October of last year when, during one of those quiet moments on that bench, I recalled my college years and how outspoken I happened to be during them, an observation only made interesting by the fact that I have since turned into the quietest of beings. A realization that coincided with that nostalgic whiff was that a sizable amount of the discourse nowadays continues to be plagued with bad reasoning.

We Are a Cosmic Accident: Alan Lightman on Dark Energy, the Multiverse, and Why We Exist. By Maria Popova How we drew the one we have from the zillions of possible universes in the cosmic lottery hat. Questions like why our world exists and what nothing is have occupied minds great and ordinary since the dawn of humanity, and yet for all our scientific progress, they continue to do so, yielding only hypotheses rather than concrete answers. But there is something immutably heartening in the difference between the primitive hypotheses of myth, folklore and religion, which handed off such mysteries to various deities and the occasional white-bearded man, and the increasingly educated guesses of modern science. The most compelling example of fine-tuning is dark energy — an invisible and unexpected cosmological force that hides in empty space and works against the universe’s slowing expansion, a sort of “cosmic accelerator pedal” that is speeding up its expansion and causing galaxies to drift away from one another.

On one thing most physicists agree. Donating = Loving. Does Pi Exist? | Thought Laboratory. To almost everyone this would seem a ridiculous question. Even to most mathematicians the existence of Pi (defined here as the ratio of a circle’s circumference to it’s diameter) is taken for granted. But the question of the existence of the class of number to which Pi belongs is a key example of a fundamental question in the philosophical understanding of Mathematics, and indeed of a broader issue in metaphysics and epistemology.

To understand the meaning of Pi, let’s start with a quick review of the types of numbers we encounter in elementary mathematics. We start with the “natural numbers” – the numbers 1,2,3 and so on. The very fact that these are the numbers we first learn and first teach to our children in their infancy is ultimately the key to understanding the issue in front of us. Both natural numbers and integers are “countable” – meaning that they can be ordered and indicated in order. The next step is a bit tougher to follow. Report This Post. Ancient Theories of Soul (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) First published Thu Oct 23, 2003; substantive revision Wed Apr 22, 2009 Ancient philosophical theories of soul are in many respects sensitive to ways of speaking and thinking about the soul [psuchê] that are not specifically philosophical or theoretical.

We therefore begin with what the word ‘soul’ meant to speakers of Classical Greek, and what it would have been natural to think about and associate with the soul. We then turn to various Presocratic thinkers, and to the philosophical theories that are our primary concern, those of Plato (first in the Phaedo, then in the Republic), Aristotle (in the De Anima or On the Soul), Epicurus, and the Stoics.

These are by far the most carefully worked out theories of soul in ancient philosophy. Later theoretical developments — for instance, in the writings of Plotinus and other Platonists, as well as the Church Fathers — are best studied against the background of the classical theories, from which, in large part, they derive. 1. 2. 3. 40 Belief-Shaking Remarks From a Ruthless Nonconformist. If there’s one thing Friedrich Nietzsche did well, it’s obliterate feel-good beliefs people have about themselves.

He has been criticized for being a misanthrope, a subvert, a cynic and a pessimist, but I think these assessments are off the mark. I believe he only wanted human beings to be more honest with themselves. He did have a remarkable gift for aphorism — he once declared, “It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what others say in a whole book.” A hundred years after his death, Nietzsche retains his disturbing talent for turning a person’s worldview upside-down with one jarring remark. Even today his words remain controversial. Here are 40 unsympathetic statements from the man himself. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. More of Nietzsche’s genius here. Have a lot on your mind? Everyday mindfulness has transformed my life, and the lives of many others. "However vast the darkness, we must supply our own...

Mark Malazarte ☻ INFO × Personal × ASK × RANDOM × Archives × B&W × Cinema! × Jamz × Movie Posters × Hoops × Music × Soul × Notable Asians × RSS ❂ December 9, 2009 ♥ 1252 × 11 Comments "However vast the darkness, we must supply our own light" — Stanley Kubrick, 1968 Playboy Magazine interview via qja / drinkyourjuice Under: quotes existentialism kubrick ♥ 1252 × 11 Comments Notes: Page: of 1. Eastern philosophy | books tagged eastern philosophy | LibraryThing. What are they? What is your world view? A world view is the foundational belief system upon which one’s entire understanding of the “big picture” of all existence, and the more immediate “small picture” one’s personal existence, is based.It is the answer to “why” things happen, exist (or don’t exist)It answers “where” things come from and “where” they goIt is the motivation for one to act and not actIt is the motivation for one to believe and not believeIt is the underlying reason for emotional response: i.e. fear, peace, etc.

What is Your World View and How Do You Determine It? : EVERYONE has a world view, but not everyone is aware of the one they hold. We all operate by a set of governing rules that we believe at our deepest core to be the “best” set for us. Some of us might claim to be pacifists in our praxeology yet when we are wronged, the first thing we seek to do is “fight” (either verbally, psychologically, or physically) to defend our position or worse, to “even” the score. . • Prov 4:5-7 Get wisdom (Chokmah)! About - Rick Roderick. Why nihilism is not anarchy « Nihilism. There are many around you who use language for its flavor. They talk about what they want to believe, rather than what makes sense, because they are trying to construct an identity or an excuse for their own failings. They’re not interested in anything but themselves and how cool they look to their friends. The philosopher F.W. Nietzsche remains tied to nihilism because he was the first to intelligibly discuss it beyond the idea that some people just wanted to destroy everything.

He realized that an impulse toward senseless destruction was not nihilism, but a reverse of it; it was in itself a belief. Nietzsche’s realization was that we as a species were coming out of a time when we believed in an inherent order: a God above, a single right way of doing things inherited from nature, a divine order of kings and aristocrats, and even an exceptional position to humans and earth. As Nietzsche noted, our immediate tendency when confronted with this situation is to manufacture false inherencies. Doubt, Certainty, and Value in Descartes and Nishitani. Carl M. Johnson Kyoto School Seminar May 2007 Contents: ​Introduction The roots of doubt as a central concept in Western philosophy can be traced back at least as far as Pyrrho if not further to a source shared with Eastern thought.

In this vein, Keiji NISHITANI‘s Religion and Nothingness (originally titled 宗教とは何か? In order to better understand the multifaceted role of doubt in philosophy, this paper will begin by giving a brief typology of doubt before applying it to the work of Descartes and Nishitani, and finally concluding that, as Nishitani expects, doubt has a great role to play in the formation of certain types of “religion” due to its relationship to the grounding of values, but parting with him and Descartes on the role of doubt in philosophy per se due to the properties associated with doubt as a form of anxiety. ​ Typology of doubt Doubt takes a number of forms concerning a variety of content types. Of course, doubt is not only directed towards objective matters. ​ Descartes. Philosophers and Their Works.

The Infinite Hotel Paradox - Jeff Dekofsky. The concept of infinity has fascinated humans since ancient times.The first known reference comes from the 5th century B.C.E. Wikipedia presents many interesting facts and applications of the concepts of both potential infinity (as used in Calculus for example) and actual infinity (as used in Set Theory). Dennis Wildfogel also created an original TED-Ed lesson on the concept of actual infinity. You can watch it here. Another great place to watch videos on infinity and other number related concepts is Numberphile.

Here are a few of their specific videos dealing with infinity, prime numbers, etc. In addition to online resources, there are also some outstanding books dealing with the concept of infinity. The Infinite Book: A Short Guide to the Boundless, Timeless and Endless by John Barrow. . .@kkoolook: Photo. Philosophers. Ayn Rand | Ayn Rand, Objectivism, and Individualism.

Ayn Rand is America’s most controversial individualist. She was a bold woman who produced brilliant works fusing fiction and philosophy. Her best-selling novels, like Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead, have sold millions of copies and continue to influence independent thinkers and celebrities the world over, from Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales to Angelina Jolie and Hugh Hefner. My philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute. — Ayn Rand, Appendix to Atlas Shrugged Rand cut a striking figure, with her long-stemmed cigarette holder and intense gaze.

She penned philosophical non-fiction works of such originality and power that she was credited by a small group of stunned intellectuals as having single-handedly solved an ancient philosophical puzzle. The new philosophy which she founded through her books and essays is called Objectivism. The Ayn Rand Society. Right brain, left brain. - StumbleUpon. 10 Mind-Blowing Theories That Will Change Your Perception of the World | Reality is not as obvious and simple as we like to think. Some of the things that we accept as true at face value are notoriously wrong.

Scientists and philosophers have made every effort to change our common perceptions of it. The 10 examples below will show you what I mean. 1. Great glaciation. Great glaciation is the theory of the final state that our universe is heading toward. The universe has a limited supply of energy. 2. Solipsism is a philosophical theory, which asserts that nothing exists but the individual’s consciousness. Don’t you believe me? As a result, which parts of existence can we not doubt?

3. George Berkeley, the father of Idealism, argued that everything exists as an idea in someone’s mind. The idea being that if the stone really only exists in his imagination, he could not have kicked it with his eyes closed. 4. Everybody has heard of Plato. In addition to this stunning statement, Plato, being a monist, said that everything is made of a single substance. 5. 6. 7. Free will? Home | Search Serendip Free WILL? I wanted the arrows to point to the right, SAW them pointing to the right, and am GOING to the right I wanted the arrows to point to the left, SAW them pointing to the left, and am GOING to the left I forgot the instructions.

Can I go back please?