How One Teacher Let Go of Control To Focus On Student-Centered Approaches. When Kristine Riley looks back on how she used to teach her students, she sees order and control.
Her third, fourth and fifth grade gifted-and-talented classes had been structured and orderly, and students sat in designated seats. She had assigned the same tasks to every student and had hoped for roughly the same answers from all of them. She used to believe that it was her responsibility as a teacher to impart information to her students. Riley had decided what was important and students were expected to learn what they were taught.
Riley is also a conscientious teacher and regularly looks for ways to better herself on behalf of her students in Edison, New Jersey public schools. “In the beginning, it was uncomfortable,” Riley said. Student choice is central to her methods. Rather than have Riley assign seats, students now choose their own work place: a standing desk, an overturned crate or a spot next to the windowsill. Riley’s students prefer the new classroom environment, she said. Motivation en viktig nyckel till elevers skolframgång. Lärare beskriver vissa elever som passiva, omotiverade och utåtagerande och i mötet med dessa elever känner sig många lärare vilsna och ställer sig frågan ”Hur kan jag motivera mina elever?”
Ibland påverkas relationen mellan lärare och elever negativt och följden kan bli att lärare sänker förväntningarna på dessa elever. Utbildningsforskarna Margareta Maria Thomson och Jessica Wery, verksamma vid North Carolina State University, ger i artikeln ”Motivational strategies to enhance effective learning in teaching struggling students” en översikt av utbildningsvetenskaplig och psykologisk forskning och teorier om motivationsfrämjande arbete i skolan. Motivationsgraden påverkas av inre och yttre faktorer Thomson, som är forskare i utbildningspsykologi, och Wery, som har sin forskningsmässiga bas i specialpedagogik, menar att motivationsgraden påverkas av flera olika saker: Bekräfta sig själv och bli bekräftad av andra Viktigt att utveckla elevens inre motivation. Educational Leadership:Getting Personalization Right:Student Engagement: Key to Personalized Learning.
Personalize My Learning, Please. Are You Personalized - G&D Associates. A Beginner's Guide To Personalized Learning - A Beginner’s Guide To Personalized Learning by TeachThought Staff There is a difference between personalized learning and differentiation.
Differentiation is a kind of personalized instruction, where teachers adjust process, & product, according to a student’s readiness, interest, & learning style. Planning of the learning starts with the content, and the content remains the same for all students. This is a school and curriculum-centered approach that attempts to amend the delivery of the content to match the student’s needs, strengths, and general readiness. Personalized learning starts with the learner and asks the question, “What does this student need to understand, and how best can that happen?” In that context, consider the above graphic from Mia MacMeekin (who also gave us 27 Simple Ways To Check For Understanding). What is personalized learning? In this way, it represents an excellent beginner’s guide to personalized learning. A Beginner’s Guide To Personalized Learning. Step by Step: Designing Personalized Learning Experiences For Students.
The phrase “personalized learning” gets tossed around a lot in education circles.
Sometimes it’s used in the context of educational technology tools that offer lessons keyed to the academic level of individual students. Other times it’s referring to the personal touch of a teacher getting to know a student, learning about their interests and tailoring lessons to meet both their needs and their passion areas. As with most education jargon, the phrase isn’t fixed, but it usually connects to the idea that not all students need the same thing at the same time. It implies choice, multiple pathways to learning, many ways to demonstrate competency and resists the notion that all students learn the same way.
Educator Mia MacMeekin has put together a clear infographic highlighting some of the ways teachers design “personalized” curriculum.