An American Civil War site. The Civil War Sesquicentennial Day by Day. CAIRO, Thursday, April 14.
On Tuesday morning the rebel Gen. FORREST attacked Fort Pillow. Soon after the attack FORREST sent a flag of truce demanding the surrender of the fort and garrison, meanwhile disposing of his force so as to gain the advantage. Our forces were under command of Major BOOTH, of the Thirteenth Tennessee (U.S.) Heavy Artillery, formerly of the First Alabama Cavalry. The flag of truce was refused, and fighting resumed. Both flags gave the rebels advantage of gaining new positions. The battle was kept up until 3 P.M., when Major BOOTH was killed, and Major BRADFORD took command.
The rebels now came in swarms over our troops, compelling them to surrender. Immediately upon the surrender ensued a scene which utterly baffles description. The black soldiers, becoming demoralized, rushed to the rear, the white officers having thrown down their arms. Out of the garrison of six hundred, only two hundred remained alive. Among our dead officers are Capt. Capt. Maj. ST. Gen. The American Civil War. From the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Item Description: Diary entry, 15 April 1864, by Sarah Lois Wadley, describing the Union occupation of Monroe.
Wadley was the daughter of William Morrill Wadley (1812? -1882) and Rebecca Barnard Everingham Wadley (fl. 1840-1884) and lived with her family in homes near Amite in Tangipahoa Parish, Monroe and Oakland in Ouachita Parish, La., and near Macon, Ga. [Item transcription available below images] Item Citation: From folder 5 of the Sarah Lois Wadley Papers # 1258, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Item Transcription: Sunday evening, April 10th 1864 This has not been at all like Sunday; fatigued by the excitement and exertion of the past weeks, I slept until much later than usual this morning. We grew very impatient as the hours passed on to one o’clock, it was nearly two when Father came, accompanied by a strange man, and with his hands quite bloody, we were all excitement until he could sit down and tell us the story.
Mrs. Daily Observations from The Civil War — Day by day writings of the time. Civil War Daily Gazette. DISUNION - Opinionator. [TAG]The climax of Steven Spielberg’s film “Lincoln” — the passage of the 13th Amendment in the House of Representatives — vividly captures the culmination of a dramatic yearlong legislative battle that mixed skillful behind-the-scenes maneuverings with high-minded constitutional debate, internecine party politics, personal animosities and the polarizing dynamics of a presidential election.
Approval in the House on Jan. 31, 1865, trailed the amendment’s passage in the Senate on April 8, 1864, by almost 10 months. Its adoption by 27 states the following December introduced the word “slavery” into the Constitution for the first time. But the amendment’s successful ratification was not the first time Americans had sought a constitutional remedy for slavery.
On Feb. 28, 1861, a close vote in Congress sent the Corwin Amendment to the states. Named for its House sponsor, Ohio Republican Thomas Corwin, the proposal was actually the work of the soon-to-be secretary of state William H.