Lone Sentry: German Visual Communication Between Aircraft and Ground Troops (WWII Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 24, May 6, 1943) Modern warfare puts a heavy premium on successful coordination of all of the various arms.
For that reason, comprehensive and flexible methods of communication must be devised. Liaison between air and ground forces presents special problems, and a German document gives the following outline of methods used to meet some of the difficulties. a. Cooperation Cooperation between army and air force is to be arranged through the respective headquarters, prior to each action. B. Detailed knowledge of friendly aircraft types, pre-arranged signals, and the air situation, distributed down to companies, will facilitate early recognition by the troops. When the air crews possess knowledge of the situation on the ground, of the general conduct of ground troops in battle, and of the signals arranged for, this will enable the pilot to distinguish quickly between friendly ground troops and those of the enemy. Ground troops must give their signals early and in a position easily observed from the air.
C. D. WW2 People's War - RedTape. HOW TO BECOME ENTANGLED IN RED TAPE Experiences of WWII I was 19 years old when war was declared by Neville Chamberlain that Sunday morning. I had completed my first year at London University (Bedford College) and was due to return for my second year in early October. Instead, I spent the next six and a half years in various forms of war work. My first job was in censorship work in Liverpool and then in Bermuda — where, although the work was tedious, our leisure time was one long holiday of beaches and bathing. I acquired a guilt complex because of this, feeling I should be more involved in the trauma of those at home, and in late 1942 I resigned my job and returned to the UK to join up. The Wartime Memories Project - Bletchley Park. An operational Sortie - RAF Coastal Command - World War 2 Talk. RAF Cranfield, Bedfordshire. WW2 People's War - Smugglers or Spies ? Smugglers or spies ?
Dear Jack, Here are a few words that may be helpful for your homework on WW2. On the day war began in 1939 I was 15 and we were on holiday in North Cornwall and my father listened to Neville Chamberlain’s declaration of war on Germany on the earphone of a crystal radio set that I had made. The reason given was that Germany had invaded Poland and that we were pledged by a treaty to go to their aid if that happened. WW2 People's War - 58 raids in 49 days. WW2 People's War - No2 Flying Training School - Pt 1. WW2 People's War - WW2 Memories of an aircraft fitter. WW2 People's War - Beauforts and Spitfires: An Apprentice at large in the Aircraft Industry in Southampton during the early years of WW2. My WW2 experiences are in two halves: there are no acts of heroism on my part but, looking back, I believe that, as a young man, my experiences taught me to cope with whatever circumstances I found myself in.
This stood me in good stead for the remainder of my working life. For the first half of the war, as a civilian, I was confronted with far more danger than I experienced during the remainder of the war with the Fleet Air Arm (see Part 2 of my story for People’s War). I left Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury in 1938 at the age of 18 to become an apprentice in the aircraft industry at Folland Aircraft, Hamble, Southampton.
The factory, on the shores of Southampton water, was already gearing up to a wartime level of production. When the war started, semi-skilled and unskilled workers swelled the workforce. There were two very interesting projects. The second project was when the Government decided to convert some Spitfires into seaplanes. WW2 People's War - You Had A Good War: Part 2. WW2 People's War - Eager For The Air: The Story Of The Air Transport Auxiliary. This story was submitted to the people's War site by volunteer Jackie Ashman Project Co-ordinator for the South Gloucestershire and North-East Area of Bristol, on behalf of Wing Commander Rtd.
Eric Viles, MBE and has been added to the site with his permission. Eric Viles fully understands the site's terms and conditions. Eager for the Air - The Air Transport Auxiliary is a story about a little known organisation that became crucial to helping the RAF to obtain their aircraft, whilst keeping their pilots free to do their work. The RAF had been ferrying aircraft from the aircraft manufacturer; the Bristol Aeroplane Company, in Filton, in South Gloucestershire, as indeed they had from other manufacturing sites from all over the UK. Then when WW2 was deemed imminent it was quickly apparent that their services would be urgently required elsewhere. Some serious consideration was necessary as to what could be done to solve the shortfall in pilots. WW2 People's War - The Huts at Bletchley Park.
This is just some of the huts in view, in the top secret Station X.
The place that no one knew about and the place that managed to keep "Top Secret" for many years. The people who worked in the huts at Bletchley Park, found that they were not to mix with people from the other huts. They were taken by bus to the door of their workplace and that was where they had to stay. WW2 People's War - A Classical Scholar at Bletchley Park.
This story was submitted to the People's War Site by Margaret Walsh of The Royal Star and Garter Home on behalf of Ralph Instone and has been added to the site with his permission.
I was an Infantry Officer, and I was in the Army from 1939 to 1946. Being a classical scholar I was employed as a cryptographer at Bletchley Park. We obtained the enemy signals traffic by wireless interception. In spite of the numbers involved it was a very well-kept secret, because for 30 years the general public did not know what had gone on there. WW2 People's War - Drama Productions at Bletchley Park. I was at Bletchley Park from 1943-1945 (see my other entry under I was one of Churchills Geese).
During my time at Bletchley Park, drama, as well as other artistic activities, flourished. There were groups in both the Park itself and in Shenley Road Military Camp. WW2 People's War - ULTRA secret service. WW2 People's War - Wartime Code Breaking. This story was submitted to the People’s War site by Roger Marsh of the ‘Action Desk — Sheffield’ Team on behalf of Oliver Hugh Lawn and Sheila Isabelle (nee Mackenzie) Lawn, and has been added to the site with both the author’s permission. The authors fully understand the site's terms and conditions. Wartime Code Breaking By Oliver Hugh Lawn and Sheila Isabelle (nee Mackenzie) Lawn Oliver and Sheila Lawn both worked at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire, the very secret wartime code breaking establishment. It was called the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ). All the work done at Bletchley Park remained Top Secret for some 30 years after the war, and only then were Oliver and Sheila able to talk about their work there.
WW2 People's War - Breaking the Code. This story was submitted to the People's War site by Philippa on behalf of Joyce Baxter and has been added to the site with her permission.
Joyce fully understands the site's terms and conditions. I was 18 when war started and living in London. I was suddenly called to London from a quiet posting in Hertfordshire and put on a train. I had no idea where I was going but the mystery was solved when I got out at Bletchley and was taken to the grounds of Bletchley Park - a not very distinguished stately home. Whilst there I learned the thrilling news that we had broken the German code. It was not until 1973 when a book about Bletchley was published that I, and others, felt free to reveal our own share in the code-breaking. . © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. WW2 People's War - Commander Travis. I was looking through my mother's books recently and came across something she had written on the fly leaf of a copy of 'Most Secret War'.
'A typist, an indexer and finally a marker of de-coded naval Enigma signals, working in Block A - eventually ruled over by Commander Travis'. Commander Travis is my Guide I nothing lack with him beside He for my wandering footsteps hath laid everywhere a concrete path. Beneath my humble windowsill He plants the nodding daffodil, And sends, in litte rolls, the grass Where I my leisure hours may pass; But any grass already there He doth remove with tender care Replacing it for my content with more and more and more cement. WW2 People's War - Memories of Bletchley Park. I left school early, as we did, many of us, in those days, with the wish to join something [and the vague idea that I should do something for My Country…] I would have liked to join the Land Army, but my mother objected [I think she had been reading Mary Webb, and had visions of lustful farmers…] — and so I joined the WRNS.
A mistake, as it proved, for I spent a thoroughly unhappy 2 years — and did very little for my country. I was posted to Bletchley Park [as far from the sea as you can get in England] How exciting! Some would say; not so. Nobody trained me for anything, not even when I was put onto operating a vast machine [early computer prototype]. I hadn’t a clue what I was doing. One thing, though, I must add: before joining up I worked for a year in Exeter, at the time it was bombed. . © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. WW2 People's War - A Year at Bletchley Park. The author of this story has understood the rules and regulations of the site and has agreed that this story can be added to the People's War website A Year at Bletchley Park As a young twenty year old, I was whisked away to serve my country at a “ hush hush” place in Buckinghamshire.
First impressions; corded- trousered, bearded young men with vague expressions strolled through the extensive grounds, (obviously with a lot on their minds). I was settled to work in Block E on a strange looking typewriter, (with a difference). This had drums which revolved, having been programmed with the required day’s code set up. WW2 People's War - Denis Whelan - His Association with Bletchley Park.
Before the war I was a Civil Servant - a Telephone Engineer, concerned with the maintenance and development of automatic exchanges in London, and was in a "reserved occupation". In May 1942 I was called for an interview at the Forgein Office and, as a result, received notice of appointment to Bletchley Park. I was notified that before reporting to the Park, I was to spend some time working at the British Tabulating Machine Company with a "Mr. Keen". When I arrived at the Company I found I was one of twelve Telephone Engineers who had been appointed to Mr.
Keen's department. As things went on, it became apparent that maintenance crews for the machines (called "Bombes", of course) could be provided from armed services (eg. An emergency call was always followed within some 30 minutes by a young lady driver from the Army Transport Unit. Incidentally Ron Grimes died about 18 months ago, and we lost touch with Norman Hedges some 50 years ago* WW2 People's War - Wartime - Bletchley Park WAAF 1942 - 47.
After 10 weeks training at Cranwell, Lincolnshire, I was a teleprinter operator and at first posted to Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire. As by then things had quietened down a little, I had some free time, and so with some comrades, I "put on a show" at the Corn Exchange in Leighton Buzzard. After that I was posted to Bletchley Park. I had no idea how important Bletchley Park was or what was being carried out there! But as soon as I arrived, off I was sent again, to Chigwell in Essex, whilst I was being "vetted", and at Chigwell we were taught the MORSE and MURRAY codes and how to read them from tapes coming through machines from almost everywhere! Of course this was all before computers etc. WW2 People's War - A Wartime Winter Journey with the WAAF to Bletchley Park. After four weeks of initial training, foot slogging along the wave-lashed (and all too often icy) esplanade at Morecombe, we WAAF recruits were deemed ready to be despatched to various destinations around the country for the next stage, a course of training for our chosen trades.
Thus it was that six of us destined to be 'Special Duties’ set off at 4.30 on February 7th 1942 from Morecombe Station on what turned out to be a 15 hour journey to Leighton Buzzard. We had to change trains at Lancaster, then we missed our connection at Preston, which gave us time for a ‘cuppa char and a wad’. WW2 People's War - From School Girl to Code Breaker. I was a pupil at Southampton Grammar School for Girls when war was thought to be imminent and on the 2nd September 1939 we were marched down Hill Lane at 6 a.m. to catch a train to Bournemouth for a trial evacuation and I still have the label which was pinned on me! This was to be for one night only. However, that was not to be. WW2 People's War - My years at Bletchley Park – Station X. WW2 People's War - Life at Bletchley Park. This is Mr Edgerley's story; it has been added by Herts Libraries, with permission from the author, who understands the terms and conditions of adding his story to the website.
Background of the Edgerley family September 1939: Father, E G Edgerley (nearly 43); Mother, Hilda (39); Sons, Peter (15), Michael (12). WW2 People's War - Children of the Park: Memories of Bletchley Park. WW2 People's War - Children of the Park. "CHILDREN OF THE PARK" (Living with the Code Breakers) (Fact) By Neville J. Budd. WW2 People's War - Yes, Mum, There Really Was a Secret: Bletchley Park. WW2 People's War - The Breaking of the Enigma Code. WW2 People's War - My Father's Secret: Bletchley Park and Beyond. I was 15 years old in 1970, and I'd had some apprehension, some sensation, of things not said within my family for quite some time. I had no idea what was behind these feelings; all I knew was that whenever anyone asked my father what he did in the war, his answer was generally quite vague.
'This and that,’ he'd say; or 'I was a Sapper for a bit; then I did other things.’ When you're fifteen... well, you're 15. WW2 People's War - HUT 6, Bletchley Park. In 1942 I went to work at Bletchley Park, - Bletchley Park, BP, Station X, Ultra, Enigma - they were names which meant nothing to the world at large then, or for thirty years to come. National security and the Official Secrets Act saw to that. In wartime no hint of what went on within the perimeter fence of Bletchley Park escaped to the world outside, and strict internal security meant there was virtually no contact between different ‘sections’, even between different rooms within a ‘section’, except at the highest level. That secrecy was maintained until the 1970s - and, indeed, some of my former colleagues still prefer to remain silent about the specific work which they once did, even amongst themselves. WW2 People's War - Memories of a WAAF Teleprinter Operator at Station X (Bletchley Park)
WW2 People's War - Breaking the Code: A WAAF at Bletchley. WW2 People's War - Archive List. WW2 People's War - 'Alfriston, My Life in a Country Village' by RA Levett. Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II. De Havilland Mosquito. Cranfield's Airfield - History and information. OTUs 41 - 63. OTUs 1 - 23. Chapter Two. RAF Commands 1939 - 1945. RAF phonetic alphabet. NATO phonetic alphabet. Lettice Curtis - Lettice Curtis her autobiography. Airfields & Aviation Memorials by Richard Flagg. Women's Royal Naval Service (WRENS). Fleet Air Arm Archive 1939-1945 Contents Page. SHORT ARTICLES - based on archive information. Battle of Britain. Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA). Fleet Air Arm Archive 1939-1945 Contents Page.
Diana Barnato Walker. Lettice Curtis. List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force. Bristol Blenheim. Short Stirling. Joan Hughes. Ferry flying. Amy Johnson. Ann Welch. Air Transport Auxiliary. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Battle of Britain RAF squadrons. Category:Royal Air Force stations in England. Cranfield Airport. Cranfield Express - Your village newspaper! History, Pictures, stories and more...
Memories of RAF Cranfield. RAF Cranfield. RAF Burials at Cranfield (SS eter and Paul) Churchyard. The Wartime Memories Project - Midlands page 2. The Wartime Memories Project - RAF Cranfield.