Download .zip 1.2MB The Responsive Sketch Sheet Problem There are several well argued articles that champion the browser as the only place where the behaviour of adaptive/responsive layouts can be accurately described. This may well be true, but I would still advocate starting the whole design process with sketches on paper. Put simply, using a pencil to think visually has an immediacy that is clouded once software interfaces and html/css are introduced — these should come later, after the initial design concept has been formed.
But paper is static, responsive designs change according to display context. An Attempt at a Solution Responsive designs consist of two main properties, a series of layout ‘states’ assigned to a number of specified viewport widths, and fluid-width layout elements that form a transition between the states. Less Parser. Tools - Tabifier (HTML and CSS code beautifier) - Arantius.com. Guide to CSS support in email - Articles & Tips. 19 September 2013 Added support for @font-face, @media and HTML 5 media tags in email clients, as well as email-relevant CSS properties. We re-tested all webmail clients and the latest versions of existing clients. 30 January 2013 Outlook.com no longer supports the margin CSS property, including margin-top, margin-right, margin-bottom and margin-left.
CSS Prototyping. This is a simple trick to overlay a grid or a mock-up over a page you’re styling (in WebKit).
It will also allow you to edit content directly in the browser to see how your layout behaves depending on various lines of text. These are the rules to include in the styles sheet you work on: The first rule will overlay your image over the page. An Introduction To LESS, And Comparison To Sass - Smashing Magazine. Advertisement I’ve been using LESS1 religiously ever since I stumbled upon it months ago.
CSS was never really a problem for me, in and of itself, but I was intrigued by the idea of using variables to create something along the lines of a color palette for my websites and themes. Having a color palette with a fixed number of options to choose from helps prevent me from going color crazy and deviating from a chosen style. 6 Epic Forces Battling Your Mega Menus. By Jared M.
Spool Originally published: Aug 24, 2011. Skeleton: Beautiful Boilerplate for Responsive, Mobile-Friendly Development. What Is It?
Skeleton is a small collection of CSS files that can help you rapidly develop sites that look beautiful at any size, be it a 17" laptop screen or an iPhone. Skeleton is built on three core principles: Responsive Grid Down To Mobile Skeleton has a familiar, lightweight 960 grid as its base, but elegantly scales down to downsized browser windows, tablets, mobile phones (in landscape and portrait). Go ahead, resize this page! Fast to Start. Equal Height Columns - revisited - In search of the One True Layout. Stop Press!
Adapt.js - Adaptive CSS. Equal height columns - companion columns method. 1 The illusion of equal height columns The search for a technique that offers real equal height columns leads nowhere because we don't have full vertical control in current CSS 2.1 implementations cross browser.
The available techniques are simulations of columns: a repeated image displaying Faux Columns [Cederholm], columns made of borders [Livingstone], and variations. We couldn't even fall back on a (CSS-)table, since there is no broad, sufficient implementation of display: table in the browsers. And a table would dismiss the accessibility request for having the columns logically ordered in the source. Fluid 960 Grid System. Article Heading.
How to Use the Sticky Footer HTML & CSS Code. Be sure to read the Known Issues at the bottom of this page.
It will help prevent a lot of mistakes that can take hours to debug. Introduction. Internet Explorer and the CSS box model. One of the differences between Internet Explorer and standards compliant Web browsers that cause a lot of trouble for CSS beginners is the CSS box model. Since the box model is what browsers use to calculate an element’s total width and height, it is quite understandable that different browsers producing different results can be both confusing and frustrating. How the CSS box model works has been explained by others many times already. Nonetheless I still see questions related to the CSS box model on forums and mailing lists, and frequently encounter sites that expect browsers to use Internet Explorer’s non-standard way of calculating box dimensions. CSS-Tricks. A.K.A The "Clearfix" hack.
Just apply a class="clearfix" to the parent element. This is an improved version of the original, and documented here. Updated by Jeff Starr to be cleaner, based on the fact that nobody uses IE for Mac, which is what the backslash hack was all about. Gridless - An awesome HTML5 & CSS3 boilerplate for mobile first responsive, cross-browser websites. Internet Explorer box model bug. The difference in how width is interpreted between the W3C and Internet Explorer box models The Internet Explorer box model bug refers to the way in which earlier versions of Internet Explorer handle the sizing of elements in a web page, which differs from the standard way recommended by the W3C for the Cascading Style Sheets language. As of Internet Explorer 6, the browser supports an alternative rendering mode (called the "standards-compliant mode") which solves this discrepancy.
However, for backward compatibility reasons, all versions still behave in the usual, non-standard way by default (see quirks mode). Internet Explorer for Mac is not affected by this non-standard behavior. Background The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) specification describes how elements of web pages are displayed by graphical browsers. Before HTML 4 and CSS, very few HTML elements supported both border and padding, so the definition of the width and height of an element was not very contentious. LESS Is More: Make Your CSS Coding Easier with LESS. Home : Articles : LESS Is More: Make Your CSS Coding Easier with LESS Tutorial by Matt Doyle | Level: Intermediate | Published on 18 May 2011 Categories: This tutorial introduces LESS, a dynamic stylesheet language that makes it quicker and easier to write CSS.
In recent years, CSS has matured into a very powerful way to style web pages. The-golden-grid - The Golden Grid. CSS Hacks. Dealing with browser inconsistencies often makes up a majority of the work for a web designer. Sometimes there is no reasonable way to accomplish a desired layout in all major web browsers without the use of some special exception rules for certain layout engines. Hacks necessarily lead to potential complications and should be avoided whenever possible, but when the circumstances require hacks to be used, it's best to know what your options are and weigh the consequences appropriately. The purpose of this article is to describe some of the CSS hacks, also called CSS filters, with the least significant potential consequences.
In-CSS hacks. HTML5/CSS3 Cheatsheet. Here are some simple cut-and-paste examples of HTML5/CSS3 features that are currently (early 2011) usable across a number of web browsers, chief among them Firefox, Safari, Chrome, Opera and the upcoming IE9. For many of the CSS3 examples, older versions of Internet Explorer are the lone holdout with a limited number of workarounds, however these features degrade gracefully and may still be useful on new projects as long as this limitation is kept in mind.
Please note: With the exception of SVGWeb, no Internet Explorer workarounds have been included on this page - most of the examples will therefore not work in IE6, IE7 or IE8. And if you want to discuss any of the code below or leave a correction or suggestion, you can leave comments below. Thanks! Updates. Layout Gala: a collection of 40 CSS layouts based on the same markup and ready for download! All layouts use valid markup and CSS, and have been tested successfully on Internet Explorer/win 5.0, 5.5, 6 and beta 2 preview of version 7; Opera 8.5, Firefox 1.5 and Safari 2. Each of the columns could be the longest, and for testing columns length I've used the script filler text on demand. Each layout could represent a site with five main sections: header, content, navigation, other stuff and footer. The basic markup, common to every layout, is the following: