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What is TTL flash? A jargon-free guide for photographers. What is TTL flash? In this tutorial we will help you take your first steps into ‘through-the-lens’ flash photography. Flash photography can be intimidating; just too complicated, too unpredictable and too many acronyms to get your head around. But getting to grips with it can give your photography an edge, whether you’re using a subtle blip of pop-up flash to brighten up shadows in a portrait or setting up multiple off-camera flashguns to illuminate an entire scene.

The flash exposure is affected by four key factors: the power of the flash, the distance it is from the subject, the aperture, and the ISO. In manual flash mode, you decide how to manage these settings; but in TTL (through-the-lens) flash mode, the camera measures the brightness of the flash being reflected by the scene into the lens, and automatically adapts the power to produce what it determines is a good exposure. SEE MORE: Flash photography tips: external flash techniques anyone can understand TTL flash and digital cameras. What is autofocus? Your camera's AF options explained. Do you find your camera’s complex AF options confusing?

We get back to basics and answer the question, ‘What is autofocus anyway?’ In full and jargon-free. All images by Marcus Hawkins My camera has several autofocus modes – how do I know which one to use? Digital cameras typically have three autofocus (AF) modes: one-shot, continuous and automatic. As the name suggests, one-shot or single-shot AF is designed for those times you only want the camera to focus once.

It’s the perfect choice when you’re dealing with stationary subjects. The automatic AF mode switches between the one-shot and continuous modes, depending on whether the camera detects movement or not. SEE MORE: How to focus a camera – stay sharp, set your AF mode and when to switch to manual Autofocus seems to have it covered, so why does my camera have a manual focus option? Like all automatic options, the camera can get things wrong. Manual focus enables you to correct for these problems. Autofocus points explained.

How To: Shoot an In-Camera Double Exposure Photo. Exposure compensation: how your meter gets it wrong and what you can do about it. Your camera’s metering system is a powerful and intelligent tool. But it doesn’t always get it right. In our latest photography cheat sheet we reveal how your camera can be easily fooled, what exposure compensation function is and how this function can rescue your images. One of the most crucial things to understand about exposure is how your camera measures light. Get to grips with this and all your exposure anxieties should disappear in a flash. In essence your camera is trying to make everything a mid-tone grey, so if you take a piece of white card and photograph it with the exposure your camera recommends the image should appear grey.

Likewise, if you photograph a piece of black card it too should appear grey. All light meters, including the one in your camera, have been calibrated to do this, so you need to arm yourself with this information and use it to your advantage. Exposure compensation explained: download our cheat sheet Click on the infographic to see the larger version. Multiple exposures in-camera: how to get long-exposure effects in bright light. We often sing the praises of camera filters and the creative advantages they offer photographers, but depending on the make and model of your camera, you don’t always need a filter. Below we’ll show you a really simple technique for making multiple exposures in-camera – a great alternative for making long-exposure effects in bright sunlight.

Note: we used a Nikon D300s, and all current Nikon DSLRs have an Image Overlay option in the Retouch menu. If you have a pro Nikon DSLR from the D300s up you can set the camera up to shoot and combine multiple exposures automatically. We’ll show you how to do it both ways in this tutorial. Landscape photographers love to use long exposures because this creates a feeling of movement in an otherwise static scene. Waterfalls and rivers turn into a smooth, milky blur, and softly waving grass and leaves create a much more atmospheric image than frozen, static details.

That’s why landscape photographers use ND (‘neutral density’) filters. 1/30sec 1/800sec. Camera metering and exposure explained. The first step to getting better exposures is to understand how your camera’s metering system interprets a scene. In this beginner’s guide we answer all the common questions and provide a handy series of cheat sheets to help you along… All images by Marcus Hawkins What does a camera meter actually do?

The meter measures a subject’s brightness so that the camera can determine how long the sensor needs to be exposed to record a picture. The problem is that the metering system doesn’t always work flawlessly, and you may end up with pictures that are either too dark or too bright. For more refined results, you can correct these errors using exposure compensation, or dial in the exposure settings – aperture, shutter speed and ISO – manually. SEE MORE: Canon metering modes – how to get perfectly exposed images Why does the camera meter get things wrong? Camera meters are calibrated to what’s called ‘18% grey’. Obviously, not everything you photograph falls neatly into this mid-tone range. How to Trigger an Off-Camera Flash with the Pop-up Flash.

If you have ever wanted to explore off-camera flash but don’t know where to start, I have some good news. Many consumer-grade cameras such as the Canon Rebel series and the Nikon D3000 and D5000 models have a fantastic feature that might be just what you are looking for. One challenge with off-camera flash is that you need a way to fire them at precisely the right moment. That usually means outfitting them with tiny little remote controls called triggers, that are tied into a transmitter unit affixed to the flash hot-shoe on your camera.

When you want your off-camera flashes to activate, the transmitter sends a radio signal to them, and they go off at precisely the right time to give you the photo you want. Some triggers are inexpensive, while other, more customizable one,s will set you back hundreds of dollars. But, if you own one of the cheaper Canon or Nikon bodies, you already have a handy trigger built right in to your camera; the pop-up flash. Setup for Nikon cameras. How to take good photos: 10 simple ways to boost your hit rate. Tired of deleting more photos than you keep? Hit your image target every time with our sure-fire guide to how to take good photos and get it right in-camera. Now that the days are getting longer, the photography ‘season’ is just about upon us. So now’s the time to dust off your camera, clean your lenses and sensors, head outdoors and get back to doing what inspires you – taking great pictures.

We’re not talking about going out and recording enough average images to fill a hard-drive that you’ll ‘sort out’ later in Photoshop. We mean taking pictures that don’t require you to chain yourself to your computer to fix something that could have – and should have – been resolved before the shutter release was even pressed. We are all guilty at one time or another of cutting the odd corner when we’re out shooting, knowing that something can be ‘fixed’ when we’re back at our computer. SEE MORE: 77 photography techniques, tips and tricks for taking pictures of anything Image by Gary McParland. Shooting sports: JPEG images or raw format - which should you use? We all know the benefits of shooting raw format. In most situations you’ll find yourself, it will be more beneficial to shoot raw files. But when shooting sports, JPEG images offer a significant advantage. In our latest photography cheat sheet we explain how.

Your camera uses an internal memory ‘buffer’ to store images taken in continuous shooting mode, and RAW files, which are large, fill it up much more quickly. This means that if you’re shooting sports, JPEG images will allow you to capture a sequence lasting many seconds. But if you shoot raw format your camera might stop after just a second or so, and you could miss the key moments. For example, a Nikon D7100 can shoot at 6fps and capture 100 Large JPEG images at Normal quality before the buffer fills up, which is a burst of around 16 seconds.

For great action shots when shooting sports, JPEG images allow your camera to provide both speed and stamina. 01 When shooting sports, JPEG images let you shoot for longer. Angle of view: how to choose the right focal length to frame your image. When framing a photograph, it’s not just the focal length that matters. In this tutorial we’ll show you how to choose the optimum angle of view for your scene, as well as explain how to choose the right lenses and the difference between angle of view vs field of view. First up, we answer some of the most common questions about the angle of view in photography… Click on the infographic to see the larger version. What is angle of view? Angle of view is the maximum view a camera is capable of ‘seeing’ through a lens, expressed in degrees. For instance, a 200mm lens has an angle of view of 12 degrees, while a 20mm lens offers a wider angle of view of 94 degrees on a full-frame camera.

When it comes to zoom lenses, the angle of view changes according to the focal length the lens is zoomed at. However, the size of the imaging sensor inside the camera also affects the angle of view. Why does sensor size matter? The majority of lenses are designed for full-frame digital SLRs. Wide angle of view. Back-button AF: how to master this professional time-saver. Avoid switching between AF modes and ensure sharp images with this clever back button focus technique. In this tutorial we’ll explain why professional photographers often rely on back button AF to guarantee best results.

If you watch sports photographers, they’ve often got a thumb hovering over the back of the camera, as well as a finger over the shutter release button. This is back-button focusing, a technique that keeps autofocus locked on a moving subject; locks focus on a stationary subject and recomposes; or keeps focus on a subject if something else enters the frame. With back-button focusing, you simply press the rear button to lock focus on your subject, take your thumb off and you’ll always keep your original focus point.

If your subject is moving around a lot, you need to keep the back button pressed down all the time to keep focus-tracking (in continuous or AF Servo focus mode), then press the shutter button when you’re ready. How to set up back button AF on your DSLR. Getting Sharper Images - an Understanding of Focus Modes. The longer you shoot, the larger the repertoire of subjects and assignments you photograph becomes. You start off photographing flowers in the garden, your neighbour’s dog, your sister’s kids, your friend’s wedding and then before you know it you’re doing product shots for your friend’s new company. All this happens over time and there is one pretty fundamental skill that must remain paramount throughout out your process, properly focused images.

Sure we’ve all been there, we’ve all taken that shot once in while which is slightly soft (a polite photographer’s term to describe out-of-focus images). But, it’s a great shot so we keep it anyway, even tho we would still have preferred it to be tack sharp. In focus images have been one of the most fundamental rules of photography right from the dawn of the craft. So, bringing autofocus up-to-date you have a few options to choose from in your modern DSLR. Single Shot Mode Active or Continuous Focus Modes Auto Modes Manual Focus Mode Good Luck!

15 of the Best Cheat Sheets, Printables and Infographics for Photographers. Everyone loves cheat sheets, and photographers are no exception. Squeezed into a set of short tips, schemes, and definitions, a cheat sheet is a quick way to learn something, as well as refresh your knowledge about any particular subject. Moreover, now that infographics are an extremely popular format of delivering information on the Internet, cheat sheets can also be a source for visual inspiration. Here is a large collection of some noteworthy cheat sheets, infographics, and printables for photographers. From shooting basics to photography marketing tips, every aspect of photography is covered in this round-up. Enjoy this compilation and don’t forget to bookmark this page for quick access to this exhaustive cheat sheet list. Photography Tech and Creative Process Learn the basics every photographer must know and save some useful tips and camera settings for quick reference.

. #1 Photography 101 – Cheat Sheet and Camera Basics #2 Shutter, Aperture, ISO Explained #4 Portrait Lighting Examples. Digital-photography-school. 17 things you can do to help your camera live longer. Your DSLR will deliver years of hassle-free photography, as long as you’re prepared to look after it. With that in mind, here are 17 simple tips for how to protect your digital camera and make it live longer. Some are recommended camera care routines that many of us in all truth probably don’t carry out as often as we probably should, while other tips offer less obvious ways to extend the life of a camera, particularly if you’re a photography beginner. 1.

Do… Read the camera manual Your camera’s manual is full of invaluable advice and essential warnings for preventing camera damage and keeping it running smoothly — from how to extend the life of the camera battery to how to avoid overheating when you’re using Live View. DON’T MISS: Discover how Canon’s irista platform can simplify your photo management 2. Chances are that this will be highlighted in a bold font at the front of your camera manual. Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9Next People who read this also liked... 3 camera lessons every new photographer should learn (free cheat sheet) If you’ve just bought your first camera, you’re probably finding a bit of a learning curve in getting up to speed with all of its bells and whistles. There are a number of great beginner photography tutorials out there that can help you get to grips with all that functionality. Before you get you get started, though, there are three fundamental concepts you need to understand: how your camera’s shutter speed scale works; how focal length affects your composition; and how your aperture controls what’s sharp.

We’ve explained each of these concepts below, and we’ve also compiled everything into a handy photography cheat sheet for you to download and save! SEE MORE: First camera crash course – simple solutions for mastering your new DSLR Click on the infographic to see the larger version, or drag and drop to your desktop to save. Camera Lesson No. 1: Get to know the shutter speed scale Your shutter speed is one of the two ways of controlling the exposure (the other is the lens aperture). White balance explained: how cameras correct the color of different types of light. The White Balance setting you choose will change the colour balance in your pictures, making it warmer or cooler depending on how the sort of light you’re shooting in affects things. Using Auto White Balance is the simple option, but your camera’s White Balance presets give you more control over colour. In this tutorial we’ll explain exactly how these work and how to fine-tune your white balance settings to ensure the most accurate colours possible.

Click on the infographic to see the larger version, or drag and drop to your desktop to save. The colour of the light will affect the colours in your photographs. The camera is less forgiving, and records colours exactly as they are. Digital cameras have ‘White Balance’ controls to correct these colour shifts. For example, if you take a picture under incandescent lighting, the camera can reduce the amount of orange in the colours and boost the blue to produce more neutral colours. Auto or presets? Even so, they’re not foolproof.

Avoid dull landscape photography: simple in-camera tricks to add a feeling of depth. What is Reciprocal Rule in Photography? How to change your Nikon DSLR settings in an instant. How camera flash works: free photography cheat sheet. 21 Settings, Techniques and Rules All New Camera Owners Should Know. 35 things photographers do wrong (and how to stop doing them) Sensor Size, Perspective and Depth of Field. Angle of view: how to choose the right focal length to frame your image. What is normal lens/standard lens? How to spot meter: an easy guide to measuring precise exposures. 17 things you can do to help your camera live longer. Rescisão de contrato de trabalho por parte do trabalhador - E-Konomista. Urban photography: how to blur people in busy city scenes. Active D-Lighting: how to make your Nikon capture more detail in shadows and highlights.

How to take an exposure reading on your digital camera. 15 of the Best Cheat Sheets, Printables and Infographics for Photographers. What is maximum aperture? Which lenses go widest (and why it matters) Hyperfocal focusing: how to calculate the best distance to focus at. What is maximum aperture? Which lenses go widest (and why it matters) 3 camera lessons every new photographer should learn (free cheat sheet)