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Logic and Fallacies

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How to Talk to Your Children to Discourage Stereotypes. Cognitive bias cheat sheet. Thou shalt not commit logical fallacies. A Contrarian View of The Secular “F” Word. Why A Contrarian View?

A Contrarian View of The Secular “F” Word

“I know full well that the reader has no great desire to know all this, but I have the desire to tell them of it”. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Opinion pieces, interestingly enough, lend themselves mostly to parroting mainstream ideas of the intended audience while doing little more than gently rocking the boat. How to Train Your Mind to Think Critically and Form Your Own Opinions. The Best Way to Win an Argument. You are, I'm afraid to say, mistaken.

The Best Way to Win an Argument

The position you are taking makes no logical sense. Just listen up and I'll be more than happy to elaborate on the many, many reasons why I'm right and you are wrong. Are you feeling ready to be convinced? Whether the subject is climate change, the Middle East or forthcoming holiday plans, this is the approach many of us adopt when we try to convince others to change their minds. It's also an approach that, more often than not, leads to the person on the receiving end hardening their existing position.

A little over a decade ago Leonid Rozenblit and Frank Keil from Yale University suggested that in many instances people believe they understand how something works when in fact their understanding is superficial at best. What happens, argued the researchers, is that we mistake our familiarity with these things for the belief that we have a detailed understanding of how they work. Explain yourself The results were clear. 5 Brainwashing Tricks That Work No Matter How Smart You Are. #2.

5 Brainwashing Tricks That Work No Matter How Smart You Are

Everyone Has the Same Moral Code, They Just Use It Differently Win McNamee/Getty Images News/Getty Images Question: Do you consider yourself morally superior to the people who used to burn witches (and in fact, still do)? I would certainly hope so -- these people are kidnapping innocent men and women and executing them based on a ridiculous superstition. Johann Jakob Wick"Well done, not medium. But what if, in some surprising turn of events, it turned out that witches were not only real, but that everything said about them was true*? This, then, is where you realize that you're not necessarily more tolerant than the witch hunters -- you just don't share their belief in witches.

*The above example was stolen wholesale from C.S. Now look at pretty much every single political debate. You Don’t Have to Be the Boss to Change How Your Company Works. Most workplaces face constant imperatives for change—from trivial-seeming matters such as installing new office printers to major ones such as implementing new policies to support diversity.

You Don’t Have to Be the Boss to Change How Your Company Works

The question of how to drive change, though, is perennially vexing. Some things make it easier: If you are the boss, you can order change (although that doesn’t always work). If you have a broad coalition, you can create the perception of a flood of support. If people rely on your work output, you can impose conditions on how and when you’ll deliver it. Often, though, the people charged with driving change don’t have any of these things. It’s no surprise that people resist organizational change—they are overworked and overburdened, and simply don’t have the bandwidth to embrace change. On Tone Policing: Why It's Bullshit And Why You Need To Stop. How to deal with being called out. The 30 Most Common Ways You Can Lose an Argument. Religion’s smart-people problem: The shaky intellectual foundations of absolute faith. Should you believe in a God?

Religion’s smart-people problem: The shaky intellectual foundations of absolute faith

Not according to most academic philosophers. A comprehensive survey revealed that only about 14 percent of English speaking professional philosophers are theists. As for what little religious belief remains among their colleagues, most professional philosophers regard it as a strange aberration among otherwise intelligent people. Among scientists the situation is much the same. Surveys of the members of the National Academy of Sciences, composed of the most prestigious scientists in the world, show that religious belief among them is practically nonexistent, about 7 percent. Now nothing definitely follows about the truth of a belief from what the majority of philosophers or scientists think. Genes and environment explain human beliefs and behaviors—people do things because they are genomes in environments. Today there are two basic explanations offered. In addition to the biological basis for religious belief, there are environmental explanations.

15 Styles of Distorted Thinking. Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed — How to Foolproof Your Mind, Part I. Our minds set up many traps for us. Unless we’re aware of them, these traps can seriously hinder our ability to think rationally, leading us to bad reasoning and making stupid decisions. Features of our minds that are meant to help us may, eventually, get us into trouble. Here are the first 5 of the most harmful of these traps and how to avoid each one of them. 1. The Anchoring Trap: Over-Relying on First Thoughts “Is the population of Turkey greater than 35 million? Lesson: Your starting point can heavily bias your thinking: initial impressions, ideas, estimates or data “anchor” subsequent thoughts.

This trap is particularly dangerous as it’s deliberately used in many occasions, such as by experienced salesmen, who will show you a higher-priced item first, “anchoring” that price in your mind, for example. What can you do about it? Always view a problem from different perspectives. 2. Rhetological Fallacies. Logical Fallacies.