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Puyi ( Wade-Giles : Pu-i ; 7 February 1906 – 17 October 1967), of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, was the last Emperor of China , and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing Dynasty . Still a child, he ruled as the Xuantong Emperor (Wade-Giles: Hsuan-tung Emperor ) from 1908 until his abdication on 12 February 1912, after the successful Xinhai Revolution .
Mary Mallon (September 23, 1869 – November 11, 1938), better known as Typhoid Mary , was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever . She was presumed to have infected some 51 people, three of whom died, over the course of her career as a cook. [ 1 ] She was forcibly isolated twice by public health authorities and died after a total of nearly three decades in isolation.
SAVAK ( Persian : ساواک, short for سازِمانِ اطلاعات وَ امنیَتِ کِشوَر Sāzemān-e Ettelā'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar , Organisation of Intelligence and National Security ) was the secret police , domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran 's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States ' Central Intelligence Agency (the CIA). [ 1 ] SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown.
Polish parliament (Swedish and Norwegian Polsk riksdag , Danish Polsk rigsdag , German Polnischer Reichstag ) is an expression referring to the historical Polish parliaments . [ 1 ] It implies chaos and general disorder, and that no real decision can be reached during sessions. [ edit ] Origin
The dodo , a flightless bird of Mauritius , became extinct during the mid-late seventeenth century after humans destroyed the forests where the birds made their homes and introduced mammals that ate their eggs.
Operation Barclay was a World War II deception by the Allies in support of Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943. The goal was to deceive the Axis powers as to the location of the Allies' assault across the Mediterranean and to divert the Axis military commands attention and resources. Operation Barclay used bogus troop movements, radio traffic, recruitment of Greek interpreters, acquisition of Greek maps to indicate an invasion through the Balkans .
Operation Fortitude was the codename for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard ) during the build-up to the 1944 Normandy landings . Fortitude was divided into two sections, North and South, with the aim of misleading the German high command as to the location of the imminent invasion.
In Southern Chinese folklore, the Five Elders of Shaolin ( Chinese : 少林五祖 ; Mandarin Pinyin : Shàolín wǔ zǔ ; Jyutping : Siu3 lam4 ng5 zou2) are the survivors of one of the destructions of the Shaolin temple. [ 1 ] The original Shaolin Monastery was built on the north side of Shaoshi, the central peak of Mount Song, one of the Sacred Mountains of China, located in the Henan province, by Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty in 477.
Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso (born 3 December 1934), also known by the nom de guerre Presidente Gonzalo (English: Chairman Gonzalo), a former professor of philosophy , was the leader of the Shining Path during the Maoist insurgency known as the internal conflict in Peru . Shining Path had been active in Peru since the late 1970s and began what it called "the armed struggle" on 17 May 1980. Wanted on charges of terrorism and treason , Guzmán was captured by the Peruvian government in 1992 and sentenced to life imprisonment.
The Communist Party of Peru (Spanish: Partido Comunista del Perú ), more commonly known as the Shining Path ( Sendero Luminoso ), is a Maoist guerrilla insurgent organization in Peru . When it first launched the internal conflict in Peru in 1980, its stated goal was to replace what it saw as bourgeois democracy with " New Democracy ".