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The Republican Party , also commonly called the GOP (for " Grand Old Party "), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States , the other being the Democratic Party . Founded by anti-slavery activists in 1854, it dominated politics nationally for most of the period from 1860 to 1932.
The Republican Party was founded in 1854 by a group of renegade Democrats, Whigs, and political independents who opposed the expansion of Slavery into new U.S. territories and states. What began as a single-issue, independent party became a major political force in the United States. Six years after the new party was formed, Republican nominee Abraham Lincoln won the U.S. presidential election.