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Automation & Technological Unemployment

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Mainstream media articles on Automation. Untitled. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems known as ‘robo farmers’ could soon grow crops and tend livestock around Britain while their human controllers need never set foot in a field again, researchers say.


Finance & Development, September 2016. Finance & Development, September 2016, Vol. 53, No. 3 Andrew Berg, Edward F.

Finance & Development, September 2016

Buffie, and Luis-Felipe Zanna PDF version The robot revolution could have profound negative implications for equality. Robots will cover the Olympics for The Washington Post. The Washington Post announced today that it will use artificial intelligence to report key information about the Olympics.

Robots will cover the Olympics for The Washington Post

The software will contribute The Post’s coverage of Rio 2016 by posting raw data and short updates, while a team of human reporters will provide readers with analysis and more in-depth articles. Heliograf, as the team calls its robot reporter, will take information from sports data company and turn it into short narratives. Starting tomorrow morning, these multi-sentence updates will appear in the Post’s live blog, on Twitter at @WPOlympicsbot and via the Post’s bot for Facebook Messenger. An audio version will be available on Amazon Echo. A look at how the Twitter updates will appear, using 2012 Olympics data. The goal is to post more than 300 stories on the live blog and 600 updates on Twitter, Echo and Messenger during the Olympics, said Jeremy Gilbert, director of strategic initiatives at The Washington Post.

Featured Image: David Ramos/Getty Images. The future of 'Made in China': Industrial robots replacing dwindling workforce. The factory looks like many others in China's heavily industrialized Guangdong province — crates and scrap metal outside, vats of steaming chemicals and rows of stainless steel parts inside.

The future of 'Made in China': Industrial robots replacing dwindling workforce

Workers are dwarfed by the mammoth metal presses they run, loud and grimy like something out of the industrial revolution. Indeed, these plants have been the foundation of China's manufacturing revolution, churning out more than $2 billion worth of exports every single day in this region alone. This factory belongs to Ying Ao Kitchen Utensils, which makes designer stainless steel sinks for North American consumers, including about 150,000 destined for Canadian kitchens every year. China’s robot revolution.

The Ying Ao sink foundry in southern China’s Guangdong province does not look like a factory of the future.

China’s robot revolution

Mark Zuckerberg thinks AI will start outperforming humans in the next decade. On yesterday's investor call, Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg was asked how the machine learning technology behind its recent introduction of bots to Messenger would manifest itself in the future.

Mark Zuckerberg thinks AI will start outperforming humans in the next decade

Google's Eric Schmidt: There's no question AI will put jobs at risk, but it's natural. Bill Gates: Bots Are Taking Away Jobs.

Quote from this article: "Big changes are coming to the labor market that people and governments aren't prepared for, Bill Gates believes." Full article: "Big changes are coming to the labor market that people and governments aren't prepared for, Bill Gates believes. Speaking at Washington, D.C., economic think tank The American Enterprise Institute on Thursday, Gates said that within 20 years, a lot of jobs will go away, replaced by software automation ("bots" in tech slang, though Gates used the term "software substitution"). This is what he said: "Software substitution, whether it's for drivers or waiters or nurses … it's progressing. ... Technology over time will reduce demand for jobs, particularly at the lower end of skill set. ... 20 years from now, labor demand for lots of skill sets will be substantially lower. I don’t think people have that in their mental model." He's not the only one predicting this gloomy scenario for workers. In January, the Economist ran a big profile naming over a dozen jobs sure to be taken over by robots in the next 20 years, including telemarketers, accountants and retail workers. Gates believes that the tax codes are going to need to change to encourage companies to hire employees, including, perhaps, eliminating income and payroll taxes altogether. He's also not a fan of raising the minimum wage, fearing that it will discourage employers from hiring workers in the very categories of jobs that are most threatened by automation. He explained: "When people say we should raise the minimum wage. I worry about what that does to job creation ... potentially damping demand in the part of the labor spectrum that I’m most worried about." " – bruno5

The Future of the Workforce May Be Part-Time, Says Google CEO Larry Page - Recode. Jeb Bush warns robots taking US jobs is not science fiction. Accountants - Goodbye accountants! Startup builds AI to automate all your accounting. Smacc, which uses AI to automate accounting, has secured a $3.5 million Series A round from Cherry Ventures, Rocket Internet, Dieter von Holtzbrinck Ventures, Grazia Equity and business angels.

Accountants - Goodbye accountants! Startup builds AI to automate all your accounting

Smacc offers small and medium-sized enterprises a platform to digitize and automate accounting and financial processes. Bank Jobs - Automation Could Kill 30% of Bank Jobs. Automation has many industries concerned these days—most recently front-of-house restaurant staff—and the list is growing.

Bank Jobs - Automation Could Kill 30% of Bank Jobs

Now, according to a new report from Citibank analysts, there’s a target painted on a new group’s back: bank workers. The Citibank report calls the tipping point when people hand the reins to machines “Banking’s Uber Moment”—despite the fact that Uber does not employ self-driving cars—because the disruption would be so great it would change the entire industry. The change could cut around 30% of its jobs by 2025. The slashed areas would include bank branches and the employees who work in them, because apps would become the preferred customer service methods. For deposits and account maintenance, customers could eschew the trip to the bank, its lines, and its traditionally limited schedule that makes it difficult for a full-time worker to hit a branch.

Builder Jobs - The era of robots: thousands of builders to lose jobs as machines take over, says construction boss. Butchers - The world's biggest meat producer is planning to test out robot butchers. Cashier jobs - Amazon introduces next major job killer to face Americans. Amazon on Monday unveiled the latest plan to automate American workers out of existence — a futuristic grocery store without any cashiers.

Cashier jobs - Amazon introduces next major job killer to face Americans

High-tech sensors and artificial intelligence are allowing shoppers at the Seattle food market to swipe an app when they enter, then roam the aisles and grab staples like bread and milk, artisanal cheeses and chocolates and ready-made meals. Customers can watch as the items they pluck off the shelves get added to a virtual cart on the app — and subtracted if they put them back — with receipts emailed to them once they leave, according to the company.

The 1,800-square-foot Amazon Go store is currently open only to employees of the online retail giant, but the company plans to start letting the public in next year. Amazon will also test out “large, multifunction stores with curbside pickup capability” and “drive-through prototype locations,” sources told the Wall Street Journal (paywall). Chefs - Inside Silicon Valley’s Robot Pizzeria. In the back kitchen of Mountain View's newest pizzeria, Marta works tirelessly, spreading marinara sauce on uncooked pies.

Chefs - Inside Silicon Valley’s Robot Pizzeria

She doesn’t complain, takes no breaks, and has never needed a sick day. She works for free. Marta is one of two robots working at Zume Pizza, a secretive food delivery startup trying to make a more profitable pizza through machines. It's also created special delivery trucks that will finish cooking pizzas during the journey to hungry customers if approved by the Santa Clara County Department of Environmental Health. Chefs - Robot Serves Up 360 Hamburgers Per Hour. UPDATE: To read more about how workers will be affected by automation technology, check out Hub's follow up post Burger Robot Poised to Disrupt Fast Food Industry.

Council workers - Robot called Amelia to do the job of human council workers for the first time. Delivery jobs - Meals on wheels: Robots to deliver food. Factory jobs - Reboot: Adidas to make shoes in Germany again – but using robots. Adidas, the German maker of sportswear and equipment, has announced it will start marketing its first series of shoes manufactured by robots in Germany from 2017. More than 20 years after Adidas ceased production activities in Germany and moved them to Asia, chief executive Herbert Hainer unveiled to the press the group’s new prototype “Speedfactory” in Ansbach, southern Germany. The 4,600-square-metre plant is still being built but Adidas opened it to the press, pledging to automate shoe production – which is currently done mostly by hand in Asia – and enable the shoes to be made more quickly and closer to its sales outlets.

The factory will deliver a first test set of around 500 pairs of shoes from the third quarter of 2016. Large-scale production will begin in 2017 and Adidas was planning a second “Speed Factory” in the United States in the same year, said Hainer. Farm jobs - Apple-picking ROBOTS to replace farm hands as orchard owners turn to automation. A new robot that literally sucks the apples off trees is set to make a major impact on the farming industry . Journalist - The Future of Writing? China's AI Reporter Published 450 Articles During Rio Olympics.

In Brief Chinese search engine and news outlet Toutiao is using an artificial intelligence known as Xiaomingbot to publish articles on the Olympics. The bot was able to write a total of 450 articles during the 15-day event. Laboratory Technicians - This Artificial Intelligence was 92% Accurate in Breast Cancer Detection Contest. In Brief Scientists trained an AI machine to detect breast cancer in images of lymph nodes. Lawyers - Chatbot lawyer overturns 160,000 parking tickets in London and New York. An artificial-intelligence lawyer chatbot has successfully contested 160,000 parking tickets across London and New York for free, showing that chatbots can actually be useful. Masseur - Lay Back And Relax With This Robot Masseuse. Nurses - Watch this robot draw blood from a patient. Prostituition jobs - Sex-Dolls Brothel Opens In Spain And Many Predict Sex-Robots Tourism Soon To Follow. Security Guards - Uber hired a robot to patrol its parking lot and it’s way cheaper than a security guard.

Surgeons - Robots Could Be Performing a Third of U.S. Surgeries by 2021. In Brief. Robots Now Play an Important Role in the Operating Room. The Rich and Their Robots Are About to Make Half the World's Jobs Disappear. Not lost in translation: Researchers 'teach' computers to translate accurately.

Online translators are getting better, but there's still room for improvement. Researchers are now contributing new artificial intelligence techniques that could help accurately build full sentences. Algorithms developed by researchers at the University of Liverpool give computers a human-like touch while translating words and languages. They believe their methods are key to improving accuracy. Truck drivers - Self-driving trucks: what's the future for America's 3.5 million truckers? Warehouse Jobs - Amazon’s latest robot champion uses deep learning to stock shelves. The Future of Employment.

This 2013 paper by Oxford University’s Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne concluded that 47% of total U.S. employment is at risk from computerization. – bruno5