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Scientific Articles on Poverty

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This Is Your Brain on Poverty - Scientific American Blog Network. A couple of weeks ago I listened to an excellent podcast series on poverty in America.

This Is Your Brain on Poverty - Scientific American Blog Network

One message that stuck with me is just how many factors the poor have working against them—factors that, if you’re not poor, are all too easy to deny, disregard, or simply fail to notice. Why Poor People Make Expensive Financial Choices - The Atlantic. Banks haven’t always been the giant, impersonal corporations Americans today are familiar with.

Why Poor People Make Expensive Financial Choices - The Atlantic

For much of the twentieth century, they were more commonly small, community institutions that helped local residents manage their money and provided quick, small loans in times of financial upheaval. Studies: Poor people don't spend cash transfers on booze, cigarettes. The longstanding criticism for giving poor people money is that they will waste it on alcohol and tobacco.

Studies: Poor people don't spend cash transfers on booze, cigarettes

A new review of 30 studies from Latin America, Africa and Asia disproves that notion. In fact, people spend less on “temptation goods” after receiving a cash transfer. “There is a sideshow on this belief that people are poor because they are spending their money on alcohol and cigarettes,” David Evans, a senior economist at the World Bank and co-author of the study, told Humanosphere. “This study tries to close the door on the sideshow. ” Evans and his co-author Anna Popova looked at studies that either surveyed cash transfer recipients about spending habits or directly tracked spending.

“This absolutely puts the questions to bed. The spending impact is significant regardless of the type of program. A bit of cash can keep someone off the streets for 2 years or more. If someone is about to become homeless, giving them a single cash infusion, averaging about $1000, may be enough to keep them off the streets for at least 2 years.

A bit of cash can keep someone off the streets for 2 years or more

That’s the conclusion of a new study, which finds that programs that proactively assist those in need don’t just help the victims—they may benefit society as a whole. “I think this is a really important study, and it’s really well done,” says Beth Shinn, a community psychologist at Vanderbilt University in Nashville who specializes in homelessness but was not involved in the work. Homelessness isn’t just bad for its sufferers—it shortens life span and hurts kids in school—it’s a burden on everyone else. Previous studies have concluded that a single period of homelessness can cost taxpayers $20,000 or more, in the form of welfare, policing, health care, maintaining homeless shelters, and other expenses.

Should we pay people not to be criminals? Would Unconditional Basic Income Make Us Happier? – Kingston Action Group for Basic Income Guarantee. Some have questioned if the economy can function with a guaranteed minimum income.

Would Unconditional Basic Income Make Us Happier? – Kingston Action Group for Basic Income Guarantee

But few advocates or opponents have explored the policy’s impact on people’s emotional well-being. Study: Poverty Causes Physical Pain. Not knowing where your next paycheck may come from hurts, according to a recent study published in Psychological Science.

Study: Poverty Causes Physical Pain

Researches looked at six studies, which found a strong link between financial insecurity and physical pain. It’s not out of the question, past studies have shown psychological pain and physical pain share similar pathways in the brain. People suffering from depression and anxiety have more reports of feeling physical pain, as well, such as chronic joint pain, limb pain, back pain, and gastrointestinal problems—just symptoms of a larger problem. A separate study looked at the effect unemployment had on adults over time. The results weren’t good. Author Christopher J. Being poor can change your genes and increase your chances of depression. Living in poverty can cause changes to people’s DNA that make them more likely to become depressed, anxious and possibly take drugs, according to a ground-breaking new study.

Being poor can change your genes and increase your chances of depression

Researchers in the United States found that teenagers from deprived backgrounds tended to undergo changes to a gene that increases the activity of a part of the brain involved in the ‘fight or flight’ response and panic attacks. This increased activity in the amygdala has been linked to a greater risk of depression. They also found that a low socio-economic status was associated with low levels of serotonin, sometimes referred to as the happiness hormone. In recent years, studies have shown that not only can genes be changed by the environment and even social interactions, but these ‘epigenetic’ changes can then be passed on to the next generation. The study’s lead researcher, Dr Johnna Swartz, said their work had shown how these kinds of problems were affecting the genes of the people concerned.

$81 a month buys a healthier baby - Health. When pregnant women were trusted with $81 a month in prenatal benefits, no strings attached, their babies' physical health did better, say Manitoba researchers, who would like similar income supplements to be offered across Canada.

$81 a month buys a healthier baby - Health

The Healthy Baby Prenatal Benefit offers support to families with a net household income of less than $32,000, on a sliding scale. In Thursday's online issue of the journal Pediatrics, researchers say babies born to low-income women who received the benefit in 2003 to 2010 did better in terms of low birth weight and prematurity than a similar group born to low-income women who didn't.

"It actually adds to a growing body of evidence that if we raise the incomes, if we lift people out of poverty, the outcomes for infants and children are better than if we leave them in poverty," study author Marni Brownell, a professor in the department of community health sciences at the University of Manitoba, said in an interview. Financial stress can cause you physical pain, scientists find.

We all know that money can cause a boatload of stress, especially during hard times, but a new study suggests that these financial woes may cause increased physical pain.

Financial stress can cause you physical pain, scientists find

In other words, your poor personal finances are literally hurting you. The idea to search for this strange link came when researchers noticed that more people complained of physical pain during times of wide-spread economic insecurity. They hypothesised that the two trends were linked because economic stress can cause a person to feel out of control, and this could activate the psychological processes that regulate fear and anxiety. Basically, we now perceive economic threats in the same way that we used to view predators, and our bodies react accordingly. These processes are also generally controlled by the same mechanisms that regulate pain tolerance, which would explain the link. Poverty linked to childhood depression, changes in brain connectivity.

Many negative consequences are linked to growing up poor, and researchers at Washington University St.

Poverty linked to childhood depression, changes in brain connectivity

Louis have identified one more: altered brain connectivity. Analyzing brain scans of 105 children ages 7 to 12, the researchers found that key structures in the brain are connected differently in poor children than in kids raised in more affluent settings. In particular, the brain's hippocampus -- a structure key to learning, memory and regulation of stress -- and the amygdala -- which is linked to stress and emotion -- connect to other areas of the brain differently in poor children than in kids whose families had higher incomes.

Those connections, viewed using functional MRI scans, were weaker, depending on the degree of poverty to which a child was exposed. The poorer the family, the more likely the hippocampus and amygdala would connect to other brain structures in ways the researchers characterized as weaker. Poverty Shrinks Brains from Birth - ScientificAmerican. The stress of growing up poor can hurt a child’s brain development starting before birth, research suggests—and even very small differences in income can have major effects on the brain. Researchers have long suspected that children’s behaviour and cognitive abilities are linked to their socioeconomic status, particularly for those who are very poor.

The reasons have never been clear, although stressful home environments, poor nutrition, exposure to industrial chemicals such as lead and lack of access to good education are often cited as possible factors. POVERTY IMPEDES COGNITIVE FUNCTION. The poor often behave in less capable ways, which can further perpetuate poverty. We hypothesize that poverty directly impedes cognitive function and present two studies that test this hypothesis. First, we experimentally induced thoughts about finances and found that this reduces cognitive performance among poor but not in well-off participants. More The poor often behave in less capable ways, which can further perpetuate poverty. We hypothesize that poverty directly impedes cognitive function and present two studies that test this hypothesis.

The effects of poverty on childhood brain development: the mediating effect of caregiving and stressful life events. Poverty shapes how children think about themselves. "The Culture of Poverty”, published in 1966 (pdf), was hugely influential, persuading many policy makers that children from low-income families are destined for lives of “criminality, joblessness, and poverty” because they exist in enclaves characterised by dysfunctional beliefs and practices. Thankfully, this fatalistic view has since been largely refuted and attention has turned to ways to help poor children, including giving them access to books, good teachers and stable environments. Study finds poverty reduces brain power. Treating poverty works like medicine, doctors say - Health.

Adding to poor patients' incomes works to decrease the health effects of poverty, Canadian doctors are finding. The Canadian Medical Association is asking people across the country how poverty affects their health as part of its national dialogue tour. The group said that social and economic factors determine 50 per cent of health outcomes. Dr. Gary Bloch sees poverty as a disease in his family medicine practice in Toronto's inner city. (CBC) Severe poverty affects children's brain development, study finds. A six-year study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has added to the mounting evidence that growing up in severe poverty affects how children’s brains develop, potentially putting them at a lifelong disadvantage.

The study — which combined the expertise of neuroscientists and economists — found that the parts of the brain tied to academic performance were 8 per cent to 10 per cent smaller for children who grow up in very poor households. It was based on a relatively large sample of predominantly white children whose mothers were much more educated than the general population.

And the results show a biological link between growing up in extreme poverty and how well children do academically. “The significance of the study is providing a hard physical link between the experience of growing up in poverty and how well children do on cognitive tests,” said Barbara (Bobbi) Wolfe, an economist at UW-Madison and one of the co-authors of the study. Brain development in children could be affected by poverty, study shows. Poverty linked to future high health-care costs - Health. People living in poverty are more likely to place a high burden on the health-care system but addressing the inequity could prevent both medical complications and health expenditures, Canadian doctors and public health experts say. The top five per cent of health-care users in Ontario and Manitoba account for at least two-thirds of healthcare expenditures, previous studies suggest.

Hospital health team offers prescription for poverty. Ten years ago, Dr. Gary Bloch examined dozens of the city’s poor on the lawn before Queen’s Park, and prescribed them money. Amid the political theatre, he was filling out vague provincial “special diet” forms, which — once in the hands of the patients’ caseworkers — would bump their miserly $500 monthly welfare payments by as much as $250. Poverty-linked heart risks greatest for poor black women, younger adults. Would $4,000 make poor children cleverer? ​The surging ranks of America's ultrapoor. By one dismal measure, America is joining the likes of Third World countries. Unemployment kills: 1 in 5 suicides is associated with unemployment. Your Brain on Poverty: Why Poor People Seem to Make Bad Decisions. How Poverty Taxes the Brain. Human mental bandwidth is finite.

You’ve probably experienced this before (though maybe not in those terms): When you’re lost in concentration trying to solve a problem like a broken computer, you’re more likely to neglect other tasks, things like remembering to take the dog for a walk, or picking your kid up from school. This is why people who use cell phones behind the wheel actually perform worse as drivers. It’s why air traffic controllers focused on averting a mid-air collision are less likely to pay attention to other planes in the sky.

We only have so much cognitive capacity to spread around. Stress Over Poverty Can Lower IQ, Study Suggests. People get sick because they are poor – Anna Reid. "Who Profits From Poverty?" With Ananya Roy. Not Doing Anything About Poverty is Costing Us All. In McDowell County, Poverty is a Death Sentence. (USA) On LA's Skid Row, Homeless Women Seek Shelter From The Streets. Sylvia Welker feeds the pigeons on Skid Row in Los Angeles. There are currently 47,000 homeless people in and around Los Angeles. Four million children are living in poverty: how do we stop this? July 1, 2016 // By: Madeleine Ellis-Petersen.

Number of UK children living in poverty jumps by 200,000 in a year. Child poverty in the U.S. is among the worst in the developed world. Most people classed as being in poverty 'have job' - UK. Rich Germany Has a Poverty Problem. Pupils 'come to school hungry', says teacher union. Poverty Statistics & Food Insecurity Fact Sheet. The remarkably high odds you’ll be poor at some point in your life.