background preloader

Genetically Modified Organisms

Facebook Twitter

Share. Share. GMOs and Multiple Chronic Diseases | Farm and Ranch Freedom Alliance. Article excerpt from Seattle GMO Examiner by Nancy Swanson A paper published last week in the scientific journal Entropy explains the connection between glyphosate and gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, depression, autism, infertility, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. According to the authors, “glyphosate enhances the damaging effects of other food borne chemical residues and environmental toxins.

Negative impact on the body is insidious and manifests slowly over time as inflammation damages cellular systems throughout the body. Here, we show how interference with CYP enzymes acts synergistically with disruption of the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids by gut bacteria, as well as impairment in serum sulfate transport. Consequences are most of the diseases and conditions associated with a Western diet, which include gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, depression, autism, infertility, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.

Dr. Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.: Recent Trends in GE Adoption. Herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops, developed to survive application of specific herbicides that previously would have destroyed the crop along with the targeted weeds, provide farmers with a broader variety of options for effective weed control. Based on USDA survey data, HT soybeans went from 17 percent of U.S. soybean acreage in 1997 to 68 percent in 2001 and 94 percent in 2014. Plantings of HT cotton expanded from about 10 percent of U.S. acreage in 1997 to 56 percent in 2001 and 91 percent in 2014. The adoption of HT corn, which had been slower in previous years, has accelerated, reaching 89 percent of U.S. corn acreage in 2014. Insect-resistant crops containing the gene from the soil bacterium Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) have been available for corn and cotton since 1996. These bacteria produce a protein that is toxic to specific insects, protecting the plant over its entire life. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) | Learn Science at Scitable.

Barta, A., et al. The expression of a nopaline synthase-human growth hormone chimaeric gene in transformed tobacco and sunflower callus tissue. Plant Molecular Biology 6, 347–357 (1986) Beyer, P., et al. Golden rice: Introducing the β-carotene biosynthesis pathway into rice endosperm by genetic engineering to defeat vitamin A deficiency. Journal of Nutrition 132, 506S–510S (2002) Demont, M., et al. GM crops in Europe: How much value and for whom? Devlin, R., et al. Devos, Y., et al. Guerrero-Andrade, O., et al. Hiatt, A., et al. Hoban, T. Jesse, H., & Obrycki, J. Losey, J., et al. Ma, J., et al. Muir, W., & Howard, R. Sears, M., et al. Spurgeon, D. Takeda, S., & Matsuoka, M.

United States Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program. Debate on GMO rages in Davao City. DAVAO CITY (MindaNews/23 August)—Amid the opposition to genetically modified organisms (GMOs), a government scientist has assured that field trials of golden rice “are safe to human health and the environment,” and that calls for banning or labeling GMO products in the country are “unfounded.” Golden rice is a new type of rice that contains beta-carotine, a source of Vitamin A, under experiment in the country. “What they say about GMOs being unsafe, I don’t get that. We have studied GMOs for many, many years and regulators have even assured us that GMOs are as safe as any other product in the market,” Dr. Eufemio Rasco Jr., Philippine Rice Institute executive director, said in a phone interview.

Rasco was reacting to comments made at a recent forum here led by Go Organic Mindanao and the Sustainable Integrated Area Development Initiatives in Mindanao-Convergence for Asset Reform and Regional Development (SIMCARRD) about banning GMOs and golden rice. “There was a proposal before. Information: The potential of ‘Golden Rice’ A High-nutrient variety called “Golden Rice” will be commercially available in the Philippines, after it is proved to be safe, matches farmers’ and consumers’ expectations for high-quality rice with improved vitamin A status, and is affordable for poor Filipinos.

Researchers of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Los Baños, Laguna, and Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) in Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, said the first biotechnology Golden Rice could be approved for production in the country in two years. It has passed testing in laboratory, screenhouse, and confined field tests, and is now undergoing multi-location field trials nationwide. It has to pass three more tests – a regulatory safety assessment, a market test, and a nutrition study. If approved for planting for human consumption, Golden Rice seeds will be turned over to PhilRice which will distribute them to companies that will develop the rice and sell to farmers.

Executive Summary: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2013 - ISAAA Brief 46-2013. Dedicated to the late Nobel Peace Laureate, Norman Borlaug, founding patron of ISAAA, on the centenary of his birth, 25 March 2014 Biotech Crop hectares continue to grow and exceed 175 million hectares in 2013, with both large and small developing countries, exerting more global leadership Introduction This Executive Summary focuses on the highlights of ISAAA Brief 46, details of which are presented and discussed in the full Brief, “Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2013”.

Biotech crops increase in 2013 in their 18th consecutive year of commercialization. A record 175.2 million hectares of biotech crops were grown globally in 2013, at an annual growth rate of 3%, up 5 million from 170 million hectares in 2012. Biotech crops fastest adopted crop technology In the 18 year period 1996 to 2013, millions of farmers in ~30 countries worldwide, adopted biotech crops at unprecedented rates. 27 countries grow biotech crops in 2013 USA maintains leadership role. Progress in Africa. Cultivated lie? Most US food labeled ‘natural’ contains GMOs, watchdog says.

California Bans Genetically Engineered Salmon. Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill last month banning the commercial production of genetically modified, or transgenic, salmon in California waters over concerns about the impact they could have on native salmon. AB 504 was written by Assemblyman Wesley Chesbro, from Arcata, north of San Francisco on the Humboldt Bay where marine life abounds, including coho and chinook salmon, and sponsored by the Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations.

Salmon fishing is a major industry in northern California, and it’s already stressed by drought and competing demands for water. Native species could be further stressed if so-called “frankenfish,” bred to grow at a much faster rate than normal, escaped into state waters. “I thank Governor Brown for understanding the importance of protecting California wild salmon and steelhead from the threat of transgenic modification,” said Chesbro. “The U.S. The Center for Food Safety said it “cautiously welcomed” the new legislation.

Herbicides