Le web à venir par Tim Berners-Lee. Raw data. Raw datas (also known as primary data) is a term for data collected from a source.
Raw data has not been subjected to processing or any other manipulation, and are also referred to as primary data. Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is a collaborative movement led by international standards body the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The standard promotes common data formats on the World Wide Web.
By encouraging the inclusion of semantic content in web pages, the Semantic Web aims at converting the current web, dominated by unstructured and semi-structured documents into a "web of data". The Semantic Web stack builds on the W3C's Resource Description Framework (RDF). According to the W3C, "The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries". The term was coined by Tim Berners-Lee for a web of data that can be processed by machines. While its critics have questioned its feasibility, proponents argue that applications in industry, biology and human sciences research have already proven the validity of the original concept.
Linked data. An introductory overview of Linked Open Data in the context of cultural institutions.
In computing, linked data (often capitalized as Linked Data) describes a method of publishing structured data so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard Web technologies such as HTTP, RDF and URIs, but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers. This enables data from different sources to be connected and queried. Tim Berners-Lee, director of the World Wide Web Consortium, coined the term in a design note discussing issues around the Semantic Web project.
Linked Data. What is Linked Data?
The Semantic Web is a Web of Data — of dates and titles and part numbers and chemical properties and any other data one might conceive of. The collection of Semantic Web technologies (RDF, OWL, SKOS, SPARQL, etc.) provides an environment where application can query that data, draw inferences using vocabularies, etc. W3C Standards. Wiki.dbpedia.org : About.
DBpedia is a crowd-sourced community effort to extract structured information from Wikipedia and make this information available on the Web.
DBpedia allows you to ask sophisticated queries against Wikipedia, and to link the different data sets on the Web to Wikipedia data. We hope that this work will make it easier for the huge amount of information in Wikipedia to be used in some new interesting ways. Furthermore, it might inspire new mechanisms for navigating, linking, and improving the encyclopedia itself. News DBpedia Version 2014 releasedHi all, we are happy to announce the release of DBpedia 2014. DBpedia Spotlight V0.7 releasedDBpedia Spotlight is an entity linking tool for connecting free text to DBpedia through the recognition and disambiguation of entities and concepts from the DBpedia KB.
The DBpedia Knowledge Base. How RDF Databases Differ from Other NoSQL Solutions - The Datagraph Blog. This started out as an answer at Semantic Overflow on how RDF database systems differ from other currently available NoSQL solutions.
I've here expanded the answer somewhat and added some general-audience context. RDF database systems are the only standardized NoSQL solutions available at the moment, being built on a simple, uniform data model and a powerful, declarative query language. These systems offer data portability and toolchain interoperability among the dozens of competing implementations that are available at present, avoiding any need to bet the farm on a particular product or vendor. In case you're not familiar with the term, NoSQL ("Not only SQL") is a loosely-defined umbrella moniker for describing the new generation of non-relational database systems that have sprung up in the last several years. These systems tend to be inherently distributed, schema-less, and horizontally scalable. RDF database systems form the largest subset of this last NoSQL category.
What is RDF and what is it good for? Go! (langage de programmation) Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Keyword. Heritrix. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Heritrix a été développé conjointement par Internet Archive et les Bibliothèques Nationales Nordiques en 2003. Sa première publication officielle a eu lieu en janvier 2004, et il a depuis été continuellement amélioré par les membres d'Internet Archive et par des tiers intéressés. Robot d'indexation. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Pour les articles homonymes, voir Spider. Fonctionnant sur le même principe, certains robots malveillants (spambots) sont utilisés pour archiver les ressources ou collecter des adresses électroniques auxquelles envoyer des courriels. En Français, depuis 2013, crawler est remplaçable par le mot collecteur. FR: La nature de la toile ? LinkedData vs Ontology. Metaweb. Over time we’ve improved search by deepening our understanding of queries and web pages.
The web isn’t merely words—it’s information about things in the real world, and understanding the relationships between real-world entities can help us deliver relevant information more quickly. Today, we’ve acquired Metaweb, a company that maintains an open database of things in the world. Working together we want to improve search and make the web richer and more meaningful for everyone. With efforts like rich snippets and the search answers feature, we’re just beginning to apply our understanding of the web to make search better. Introduction à RDFa. FR: Comment publier des données liées.
JSON to RDF. Sometimes, if you stand in the right place and squint, JSON and RDF line up perfectly. Each time I notice this, I badly want a way to make them line up all the time, no matter where you’re standing. And, actually, I think it’s pretty easy. I’ve seen a few proposals for how to work with RDF data in JSON, but the ones I’ve seen put too much burden on JSON folks to accomodate RDF. It seems to me we can let JSON keep doing what it does so well, and meanwhile, we can provide bits of RDF which can be adopted when needed. De Web 1.0 à Web 2.0 & Web 3.0. LinkedData vs Ontologies. Screencast: DBpedia & W3C Linking Open Data. DBpedia. DBpedia ( from "DB" for "database" ) is a project aiming to extract structured content from the information created as part of the Wikipedia project. This structured information is then made available on the World Wide Web. DBpedia allows users to query relationships and properties associated with Wikipedia resources, including links to other related datasets. DBpedia has been described by Tim Berners-Lee as one of the more famous parts of the decentralized Linked Data effort. Background The project was started by people at the Free University of Berlin and the University of Leipzig, in collaboration with OpenLink Software, and the first publicly available dataset was published in 2007.
It is made available under free licences, allowing others to reuse the dataset. Linked Data. RDF Web Applications Working Group. Current and Upcoming Events Teleconferences: The first Thursday of each month at 10am US Eastern time. An agenda is sent to rdfa-wg 24 hours in advance; minutes follow within a day or two.
Will be monitoring comments on any specification or test cases W3C Standards and Notes HTML+RDFa 1.1 (REC) This specification defines rules and guidelines for adapting the RDFa Core 1.1 and RDFa Lite 1.1 specifications for use in HTML5 and XHTML5. Web sémantique : Google, Yahoo et Bing font enfin route commune. FAQ - schema.org. What is the purpose of schema.org? Why are Google, Bing, Yandex and Yahoo! Collaborating? Aren't you competitors? There are lots of schemas out there. Why create a new one? Is schema.org a standards body like the W3C or IETF ? How does schema.org relate to Facebook Open Graph? What's coming next? Semantic Web roadmap. Up to Design Issues A road map for the future, an architectural plan untested by anything except thought experiments. This was written as part of a requested road map for future Web design, from a level of 20,000ft. It was spun off from an Architectural overview for an area which required more elaboration than that overview could afford.
Necessarily, from 20,000 feet, large things seem to get a small mention. Linked Data - Design Issues. Semantic Web History: Nodes and Arcs 1989-1999 (the WWW Proposal. Initial version: 1999-11-12, Dan Brickley firstname.lastname@example.org Revised: March 2001 Status: This is a work in progress, and an early release of the document for feedback from the RDF Interest Group. It is intended as an informal discussion document, and is not a formal publication of any working group, or of the W3C itself. The Semantic Web - on the respective Roles of XML an. Métadonnée de photos - Valorisation/Récupération. A l'image de Michel Rolland et de, certainement, beaucoup d'autres, je me suis posé des questions sur la survie de Flick'r au moment de l'offre de rachat de Yahoo ! Web thinkers. Web sémantique.