The Theogony ( Greek : Θεογονία , Theogonía , pronounced [tʰeoɡonía] , "the birth of the gods ") is a poem by Hesiod (8th – 7th century BC) describing the origins and genealogies of Greek polytheism , composed circa 700 BC. It is written in the Epic dialect of Homeric Greek . [ edit ] Descriptions
Theomachy in Greek ( pron.: / θ i ˈ ɒ m ə k i / ; Greek : θεοί = gods + μάχη = battle) means battle of the gods. It is a reference to battles fought against or among the Greek Olympians . [ edit ] The Titanomachy The Titanomachy, or War of the Titans, may be regarded as a Theomachy in which the Olympian Gods fought against their predecessor generation, the Titans . The war lasted ten years and resulted in the victory of the Olympians and their dominion over the world. [ edit ] The Trojan War
The Fomorians, as depicted by John Duncan (1912) In Irish mythology , the Fomoire (or Fomorians ) are a semi-divine race said to have inhabited Ireland in ancient times. They may have once been believed to be the beings who preceded the gods , similar to the Greek Titans . It has been suggested [ according to whom? ] that they represent the gods of chaos and wild nature, as opposed to the Tuatha Dé Danann who represent the gods of human civilization. Alternatively, they may represent the gods of a proposed pre- Goidelic population of Ireland.
Celtic polytheism , commonly known as Celtic paganism , [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age peoples of Western Europe now known as the Celts , roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era , and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age. Celtic polytheism was one of a larger group of Iron Age polytheistic religions of the Indo-European family. It comprised a large degree of variation both geographically and chronologically, although "behind this variety, broad structural similarities can be detected" [ 4 ] allowing there to be "a basic religious homogeneity" amongst the Celtic peoples. [ 5 ]
In Hinduism , the Asuras ( Sanskrit : असुर ) are non- suras , a different group of power-seeking deities besides the suras, sometimes considered naturalists, or nature-beings. They are the forces of chaos that are in constant battle with Devas . [ edit ] Deities The Daityas and Danavas together were later used for the term Asuras. As time passed, the vedic Asuras began to be referred as the lesser beings while in Avestha, the Persian counterpart of the Vedas, the devas began to be considered as lesser beings. The Asura were opposed to the Devas .
Deva ( देव in Devanagari script) is the Sanskrit word for deity , its related feminine term is devi . In modern Hinduism , it can be loosely interpreted as any benevolent supernatural beings. The devas in Hinduism , also called Suras , are often juxtaposed to the Asuras , their half brothers . [ 1 ] Devas are also the maintainers of the realms as ordained by the Trimurti . They are often warring with their equally powerful counterparts, the Asuras . [ edit ] Etymology The Sanskrit deva- derives from Indo-Iranian *dev- which in turn descends from the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) word, *deiwos , originally an adjective meaning "celestial" or "shining", which is a PIE (not synchronic Sanskrit) vrddhi derivative from the root *diw meaning "to shine", especially as the day-lit sky.
In Greek mythology , the Titans ( Greek : Τιτάν — Ti-tan ; plural: Τιτᾶνες — Ti-tânes ) were a primeval race of powerful deities , descendants of Gaia (Earth) and Uranus (Sky), that ruled during the legendary Golden Age . They were immortal huge beings of incredible strength and stamina and were also the first pantheon of Greco-Roman gods and goddesses. In the first generation of twelve Titans, the males were Oceanus , Hyperion , Coeus , Cronus , Crius , and Iapetus and the females - the Titanesses - were Mnemosyne , Tethys , Theia , Phoebe , Rhea and Themis . The second generation of Titans consisted of Hyperion's children Eos , Helios , and Selene ; Coeus's daughters Leto and Asteria ; Iapetus's children Atlas , Prometheus , Epimetheus , and Menoetius ; Oceanus' daughter Metis ; and Crius's sons Astraeus , Pallas , and Perses . The Titans were overthrown by a race of younger gods, the Olympians , in the Titanomachy ("War of the Titans").
In general, the Olympians are the gods who live on Mount Olympus , all of them somehow related to the supreme god Zeus . More specifically, the Twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon : Zeus , Hera , Poseidon , Demeter , Athena , Hestia , Apollo , Artemis , Ares , Aphrodite , Hephaestus , and Hermes . Hestia was often replaced by Dionysus . Hades and Persephone were sometimes included as part of the twelve Olympians (primarily due to the influence of the Eleusinian Mysteries ), although in general Hades was excluded, because he resided permanently in the underworld and never visited Mount Olympus. Other gods, like Heracles or Asclepius , could also be included. [ edit ] The Twelve Olympians
In Greek mythology , the Titanomachy ( pron.: / ˌ t aɪ t ə ˈ n ɒ m ə k i / ) or War of the Titans ( Greek : Τιτανομαχία ), was the ten-year [ 1 ] series of battles which were fought in Thessaly between the two camps of deities long before the existence of mankind: the Titans , based on Mount Othrys , and the Olympians , who would come to reign on Mount Olympus . This Titanomachia is also known as the Battle of the Titans , Battle of Gods , or just The Titan War . Greeks of the Classical age knew of several poems about the war between the gods and many of the Titans. The dominant one, and the only one that has survived, is the Theogony attributed to Hesiod . A lost epic, Titanomachia , attributed to the blind Thracian bard Thamyris , himself a legendary figure, was mentioned in passing in an essay On Music that was once attributed to Plutarch . The Titans also played a prominent role in the poems attributed to Orpheus .