The Age of Taurus (The Taurean Age)
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Marduk ( Sumerian spelling in Akkadian : AMAR.UTU 𒀫 𒌓 "solar calf"; perhaps from MERI.DUG; Biblical Hebrew מְרֹדַךְ Merodach ; Greek Μαρδοχαῖος , [ 1 ] Mardochaios ) was the Babylonian name of a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon , who, when Babylon became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi ( 18th century BCE ), started to slowly rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon, a position he fully acquired by the second half of the second millennium BCE.
Crete ( Greek : Κρήτη Kríti ; [kriti] ) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands , the fifth -largest island in the Mediterranean Sea , and one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece . It forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece while retaining its own local cultural traits (such as its own poetry , and music ). Crete was once the center of the Minoan civilization ( c. 2700–1420 BC ), which is currently regarded as the earliest recorded civilization in Europe . [ 1 ]
Assyria , officially known as Aššur ( Akkadian for Assyria), was a Semitic Akkadian kingdom, extant as a nation state from the late 25th or early–24th century BC to 605 BC. [ 1 ] Assyria was centered on the Upper Tigris river, in northern Mesopotamia (present day northern Iraq ).
The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt . There are 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt as of 2008. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Most were built as tombs for the country's Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] The earliest known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara , northwest of Memphis .
The Old Kingdom is the name given to the period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization in complexity and achievement – the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the lower Nile Valley (the others being Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom ). The term itself was coined by nineteenth century historians and the distinction between the Old Kingdom and the Early Dynastic Period is not one which would have been recognized by Ancient Egyptians.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt is the period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty , between about 2000 BC and 1700 BC, although some writers include the Thirteenth and Fourteenth dynasties in the Second Intermediate Period .
The worship of the Sacred Bull throughout the ancient world is most familiar to the Western world in the Biblical episode of the idol of the Golden Calf . The Golden Calf after being made by the Hebrew people in the wilderness of Sinai , were rejected and destroyed by Moses and the Hebrew people after Moses' time upon Mount Sinai ( Book of Exodus ).
The ankh symbol The Ankh ( pron.: / ˈ æ ŋ k / or / ˈ ɑː ŋ k / ; U+2625 ☥ or U+132F9 𓋹), also known as key of life , the key of the Nile or crux ansata (Latin meaning "cross with a handle"), was the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic character that read "life", a triliteral sign for the consonants ꜥ - n - ḫ . It represents the concept of eternal life, which is the general meaning of the symbol.