background preloader

World History

Facebook Twitter

Cold War. NUKEMAP by Alex Wellerstein. Kennedy Assassination. European think tank says Russian brinksmanship at Cold War levels. This photo shows a Russian Tu-95 Tupolev bomber (Reuters/File) A report from a European think tank has identified more than 40 dangerous incidents involving forces from Russia and those of NATO member states over the past eight months. The report, released Monday by the London-based European Leadership Network (ELN), specified three incidents in the past year that could have sparked open conflict between Russia and the West.

"We believe [the incidents] are a very serious development, not necessarily because they indicate a desire on the part of Russia to start a war but because they show a dangerous game of brinkmanship is being played, with the potential for unintended escalation in what is now the most serious security crisis in Europe since the cold war," the report's authors wrote. The 83-year-old accused the West, particularly the United States, of giving in to "triumphalism" after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the communist bloc. Click for more from the BBC. Korean War Summary. Atomic Weapons. The history of the Cold War. Battlefield. Histoire Mondiale. Korean War Unknown.

Cold War Unknown. Modern History. Early Middle ages. Map Collections. The Library of Congress Search by Keyword | Browse by Geographic Location Index | Subject Index | Creator Index | Title Index The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress holds more than 4.5 million items, of which Map Collections represents only a small fraction, those that have been converted to digital form. The focus of Map Collections is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. These images were created from maps and atlases and, in general, are restricted to items that are not covered by copyright protection. Map Collections is organized according to seven major categories. Because a map will be assigned to only one category, unless it is part of more than one core collection, searching Map Collections at this level will provide the most complete results since the indexes for all categories are searched simultaneously.

Searching Map Collections The Library of Congress presents these documents as part of the record of the past. Places in History. Ancient Maps Cover Page. List of proxy wars. List of wars 1990–2002. List of wars 2003–2010. Note: War is a state of opened and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations.[1] For other conflicts, see rebellions, coups and separate battles. This is a list of wars launched from 2003 to 2010. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity. See also[edit] List of ongoing military conflicts References[edit] External links[edit] Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)Conflict Barometer - Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements. List of wars 2011–present.

Twentieth Century & More

Post-war_moral_new_world_order.jpg 3,972×2,832 pixels. Cold War. Photograph of the Berlin Wall taken from the West side. The Wall was built in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing Communism and to stop an economically disastrous drain of workers. It was an iconic symbol of the Cold War and its fall in 1989 marked the approaching end of the War. The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATO and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact). Historians have not fully agreed on the dates, but 1947–1991 is common. It was "cold" because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, although there were major regional wars in Korea and Vietnam.

The two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat but they each armed heavily in preparation of an all-out nuclear World War III. The first phase of the Cold War began in the aftermath of the end of the Second World War. Origins of the term. The Cold War - Lesson Plans. USA vs USSR Fight! The Cold War: Crash Course World History #39. GCSE Bitesize - The Cold War. HISTORY. World History. WORLD HISTORY. History. The Art of War - Otto Dix’s Der Krieg [War] cycle 1924. The Art of War Otto Dix’s Der Krieg [War] cycle 1924 Introduction | Selected works | Slideshow | Checklist | Education (pdf) Otto Dix 'Nachtliche Begegnung mit einem Irrsinnigen [Night-time encounter with a madman]' 1924 etching, aquatint Collection of the National Gallery of Australia, The Poynton Bequest 2003 © Otto Dix, Licensed by VISCOPY, Australia click to enlarge Otto Dix was born in 1891 in Untermhaus, Thuringia, the son of an ironworker.

He initially trained in Gera and at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts as a painter of wall decorations and later taught himself how to paint on canvas. He volunteered as a machine-gunner during World War I and in the autumn of 1915 he was sent to the Western Front. He was at the Somme during the major allied offensive of 1916. After the war he studied at the academies of Dresden and Dusseldorf. Der Krieg [War] 1924 arose out of Dix’s own experiences of the horrors of war. In the same interview, he also had this to say: Supported by.

History: a timeline. History and ICT. History. National Anthropological Archives / Home Page. HistoryWorld - History and Timelines. Globalisation. Maps & Geographic Data. World Domination Club. Regional conflicts. Maps of War ::: Visual History of War, Religion, and Government. List of wars by death toll. See also: List of genocides by death toll This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war induced epidemics, diseases, famines, atrocities, genocide etc.

See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] War. "Conflict zone" redirects here. For the 2001 video game, see Conflict Zone. The War by Tadeusz Cyprian (1949), a photograph in the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw showing ruins of Warsaw's Napoleon Square in the aftermath of World War II. War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature,[1] others argue that it is only a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances.[2] Etymology The English word war derives from the late Old English (circa.1050) words wyrre and werre, from Old French werre (also guerre as in modern French), in turn from the Frankish *werra, ultimately deriving from the Proto-Germanic *werzō 'mixture, confusion'.

Types Main article: Types of war Behaviour and conduct The behaviour of troops in warfare varies considerably, both individually and as units or armies. Military history. The Cold War. History's HEROES. International relations. The field of international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides. As political activity, international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides (c. 460–395 BC), and, in the early 20th century, became a discrete academic field (No. 5901 in the 4-digit UNESCO Nomenclature) within political science. In practice International Relations and International Affairs forms a separate academic program or field from Political Science, and the courses taught therein are highly interdisciplinary.[3] For example, international relations draws from the fields of: technology and engineering, economics, history, and international law, philosophy, geography, social work, sociology, anthropology, criminology, psychology, gender studies, cultural studies, culturology, diplomacy.

History[edit] The centuries of roughly 1500 to 1789 saw the rise of the independent, sovereign states, the institutionalization of diplomacy and armies. Study of IR[edit] Theory[edit] World health issues. Who are indigenous people? UN facts sheet. Vidéos. American vs British. The Cold War. Modern warefare. Revolution in Military Affairs. The military concept of Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) is a theory about the future of warfare, often connected to technological and organizational recommendations for change in the United States military and others. Especially tied to modern information, communications, and space technology, RMA is often linked to current discussions under the label of Transformation and total systems integration in the U.S. military.

History[edit] Interest in RMA and the structure of future U.S. armed forces is strong within the China's People's Liberation Army and incorporated to China's strategic military doctrine. Many other militaries have also researched and considered RMA as an organizational concept—e.g., those of Canada, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Sweden, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Singapore, Republic of China (Taiwan), India, Russia, and Germany—but not all militaries due to the significant infrastructure and investment involved.

Renewed interest[edit] In 1997, the U.S. Doctrine. Often doctrine specifically suggests a body of religious principles as it is promulgated by a church, but not necessarily: doctrine is also used to refer to a principle of law, in the common law traditions, established through a history of past decisions, such as the doctrine of self-defense, or the principle of fair use, or the more narrowly applicable first-sale doctrine. In some organizations, doctrine is simply defined as "that which is taught", in other words the basis for institutional teaching of its personnel internal ways of doing business. Religious usage[edit] Examples of religious doctrines include: One department of the Roman Curia is called the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.[2][3] Also shows other doctrines involved in the shape of government and politics.

[clarification needed][4] As a Measure of Religiosity (in Sociology of Religion)[edit] According to the sociologist Mervin Verbit, doctrine may be understood as one of the key components of religiosity. Maps of War ::: Visual History of War, Religion, and Government. Regional conflicts. Albert Einstein- How I See the World. 20121208-Catacombes-Plan.jpg (6850×6852) 20121208-Catacombes-Plan.jpg (6850×6852) Anarchy Archives. Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Internet History Sourcebooks Project Paul Halsall, Editor Last Modified: Dec 11 | linked pages may have been updated more recently The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use. 1.

This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms. At the time it was instigated (1996), it was not clear that web sites [and the documents made available there] would often turn out to be transient. As a result there is a process called "link rot" - which means that a "broken link" is a result of someone having taken down a web page. 2. 3. Feedback and Help While I encourage notes, comments and feedback in general, I am unable to reply to all of them. For guidance on homework, research, how people lived/ate/dressed in the past, see the various Help! I am always happy to hear from people who wish to submit copy permitted texts to the various sites below.

Planes of the Past - A Tribute to Great Military Aircraft and Commercial Airliners of the Past. Cold War International History Project. The Vietnam Center and Archive: Virtual Vietnam Archive. Accessing the Virtual Vietnam Archive To search the Virtual Vietnam Archive, click "Search the Virtual Vietnam Archive" in the left column. Assistance with searching can be found in the Virtual Archive Tutorial, or on the help pages within the Virtual Archive. Information about Virtual Archive availability can be found on the Virtual Archive Notes page. Copyright Unless otherwise noted, all items within the Virtual Vietnam Archive are © Copyright: The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University. What is in the Virtual Vietnam Archive The Virtual Vietnam Archive currently contains over 4 million pages of scanned materials.

Types of material include documents, photographs, slides, negatives, oral histories, artifacts, moving images, sound recordings, maps, and collection finding aids. There are records in the Virtual Archive for copyrighted materials, but these items cannot be downloaded. The Virtual Archive is continuously growing, with new items added every day. Disclaimer To Use: International Journal of Naval History | A Global Forum for Naval Historical Scholarship.

Forgotten Weapons. Human Ancestry - Made Easy. Superior History - military history videos. Historical Network Research. History - Digital Education Resources | Documenting Democracy. The Official Site of HistoryTeachers. A History of the World - Location - Europe. World History Timelines. Civilization1. Stone Age Timelines. Human prehistory and the Stone Age… a timeline critique (4th edition - October 2012) by A.O. Kime for information on 'renting' this article, see Rent-a-Article In the 1820’s, in order to address the prehistory of mankind more clearly, it was thought necessary to divide it into time periods, thus a ‘three-age’ system of the (1) Stone Age, (2) Bronze Age and (3) Iron Age was adopted. While this system is still more-or-less in common use today, refinements were inevitable and the Stone Age, so immensely long, was later subdivided into three major periods as follows: Paleolithic (c 2,000,000 – c 10,000 B.C.)

The Paleolithic time period is by far the longest, beginning some (circa) two million years ago to coincide with the first evidence of toolmaking and ending around 10,000 B.C. to coincide with the end of the last ice age (Pleistocene epoch) . • Lower Paleolithic (two million – 100,000 B.C Mesolithic (c 10,000 – c 5,500 B.C.) Neolithic (c 5,500 – c 2,500 B.C.) Stone Age observations A.O. Smarthistory: a multimedia web-book about art and art history. Historyteachers. Modern Architecture’s Dark Side by Martin Filler. There has long been a tendency to see the most important innovations of Modernism as arising directly from progressive causes.

War, in this view, was considered a limiting if not wholly destructive force that stymied civilian architecture in favor of retrogressive military structures. But in his groundbreaking recent book Architecture in Uniform: Designing and Building for the Second World War, the French architectural historian and architect Jean-Louis Cohen establishes one big, awful, inescapable truth: the full potential of twentieth-century architecture, engineering, and design was realized not in the social-welfare and urban-improvement schemes beloved by the early proponents of the Modern Movement, but rather through technologies perfected during the two world wars to slaughter vast armies, destroy entire cities, decimate noncombatant populations, and industrialize genocide.

The Future of Architecture is the best comprehensive history of modernism to appear in a generation.