Graphic Organizers in Education
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Prepared by Tracey Hall & Nicole Strangman Introduction One way to help make a curriculum more supportive of students and teachers is to incorporate graphic organizers.
In Content-Area Writing , authors Harvey Daniels , Steven Zimmerman and Nancy Steineke make a distinction between writing to learn or to think and writing to demonstrate what was learned or thought. Writing to learn, they say, is usually short, spontaneous, exploratory and personal—that is, it’s writing that helps the writer probe, discover, understand or clarify something for him or herself. Writing to demonstrate learning, on the other hand, is more substantial, authoritative, polished and planned, and it’s aimed for an audience.
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One of the most useful techniques for revision I've come across is known as Mind Mapping. I've successfully mind-mapped with many of my GCSE Information Technology and Geography students with some great results (see later). Mind Mapping is a fun way to revise and really does seem to work well.
Ideas for Organizing at School One of the elements in succeeding at school is not simply intelligence, but also the ability to organize your life and juggle... How to Use a Graphic Organizer for Writing a Paper A graphic organizer is a tool aimed at helping a writer or student organize and develop his thoughts before he begins writing... Learning Style Factors & Reading Literacy is a goal of education in America. Teaching children to read is challenging because of the varied learning styles a teacher... How to Make a Free Graphic Organizer Graphic organizers are a tool used in the classroom to help students visually break down a story or organize ideas.
How to use graphic organizers for teaching writing, learning, and understanding across the curriculum.Graphic organizers guide learners’ thinking as they fill in and build upon a visual map or diagram. Graphic organizers are some of the most effective visual learning strategies for students and are applied across the curriculum to enhance learning and understanding of subject matter content. In a variety of formats dependent upon the task, graphic organizers facilitate students’ learning by helping them identify areas of focus within a broad topic, such as a novel or article. Because they help the learner make connections and structure thinking, students often turn to graphic organizers for writing projects. In addition to helping students organize their thinking and writing process, graphic organizers can act as instructional tools.
One of our roles as ESL and bilingual specialists is to encourage mainstream teachers to employ teaching techniques which make content area information more accessible to second language learners. Content materials present text which is too dense for ELLs. Teach your students to use graphic organizers such as webs, Venn diagrams, and charts to help them better comprehend these texts. These are visual tools that help ELLs understand and organize information. They are like mind maps which promote active learning.
For a number of years now, I have worked with a number of primary school teachers and their classes to develop their understanding of Mindmapping and its uses. Initially, I was naïve enough to assume that a simple demonstration would be sufficient to trigger the production of immaculately planned maps. It is true that the demonstration went well. Neither was there any lack of enthusiasm when the students started work on their own Mindmaps. They keenly tackled topics from the range of options provided (pets, holidays, sport), blitzing their diagrams with a multitude of ideas and copious illustrations.