Literacy Professional Learning Resource - Key Concepts - AusVELS Levels 7 to 10 - Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding. Scaffolding: The theory There are three theorists in the field of Scaffolding.
This section describes each of their theories in detail. Graph: Zone of proximal development: Vygotsky Scaffolding – Bruner Scaffolding in this context is learning through the joint construction of language and gradually withdrawing adult support as children master the language. It is extremely important that teachers foster patterns of talk that scaffold students to explore new ideas, learn things and move on to a new ‘zone of proximal development’ when children start school. 10 Definitions of Learning. SumoMe We all know that the human brain is immensely complex and still somewhat of a mystery.
It follows then, that learning—a primary function of the brain—is understood in many different ways. Here are ten ways that learning can be described. “A change in human disposition or capability that persists over a period of time and is not simply ascribable to processes of growth.”— From The Conditions of Learning by Robert Gagne“Learning is the relatively permanent change in a person’s knowledge or behavior due to experience. This definition has three components: 1) the duration of the change is long-term rather than short-term; 2) the locus of the change is the content and structure of knowledge in memory or the behavior of the learner; 3) the cause of the change is the learner’s experience in the environment rather than fatigue, motivation, drugs, physical condition or physiologic intervention.”
Yes We Can: A Tin Can API Primer - eLearning Industry. Assessment/Evaluation Topics. Instructional Strategies for Online Courses Effective online instruction depends on learning experiences appropriately designed and facilitated by knowledgeable educators.
Because learners have different learning stylesor a combination of styles, online educators should design activities multiple modes of learning in order to provide significant experiences for each class participant. In designing online courses, use multiple instructional strategies. Teaching models exist which apply to traditional higher education learning environments, and when designing courses for the online environment, these strategies should be adapted to the new environment.
Traditionally, in a teacher-centered classroom, instructors control their environment because they have a monopoly on information. Online learning environments permit a range of interactive methodologies. Learning contracts connect educational needs to individual student needs. The discussion group Guided design Role playing Games. Instructional design: the times they are a’changing. South African education: unequal, inefficient and underperforming « Unisa Online – College of Education. The South African (SA) government spends the equivalent of $1225 per child on primary education, yet accomplishes less than the government of Kenya which spends only the equivalent of $258 per child.
Nicholas Spaull – a researcher in the Department of Economics at the University of Stellenbosch – presented his research on the current situation of the nation’s education to the staff in the College of Education as part of the microwave seminar series on 12 July 2012. Nicholas Spaull presented his findings based on his statistical analysis and comparisons on the national datasets from the Annual National Assessments (ANA), the international TIMMS and PIRLS and the continental SACMEQ competency tests. These statistics provide an interesting perspective on where the SA schooling system currently is in comparison to other African countries and clearly signals where improvements are needed. The statistical evidence once again shows that South Africa’s education system is in a crisis.
Donald Schon (Schön): learning, reflection and change. Contents: introduction · donald schon · public and private learning and the learning society · double-loop learning · the reflective practitioner – reflection-in- and –on-action · conclusion · further reading and references · links · how to cite this article Note: I have used Donald Schon rather than Donald Schön (which is the correct spelling) as English language web search engines (and those using them!)
Often have difficulties with umlauts). Donald Alan Schon (1930-1997) trained as a philosopher, but it was his concern with the development of reflective practice and learning systems within organizations and communities for which he is remembered. Significantly, he was also an accomplished pianist and clarinettist – playing in both jazz and chamber groups.
This interest in improvisation and structure was mirrored in his academic writing, most notably in his exploration of professional’s ability to ‘think on their feet’.