Cello. Cellos were derived from other mid- to large-sized bowed instruments in the 16th century, such as the viola da gamba, and the generally smaller and squarer viola da braccio, and such instruments made by members of the Amati family of luthiers. The invention of wire-wrapped strings in Bologna gave the cello greater versatility. By the 18th century, the cello had largely replaced other mid-sized bowed instruments.  A person who plays the cello is called a cellist. Etymology The name cello is an abbreviation of the Italian violoncello, which means "little violone", referring to the violone ("big viol"), the lowest-pitched instrument of the viol family, the group of string instruments that went out of fashion around the end of the 17th century in most countries except France, where they survived another half-century or so before the louder violin family came into greater favour in that country, too. Description Cello close-up History Current use
Facts About Cello the Instrument. About The Harp. Harp The harp is one of the world's most ancient and universal instruments; two facts possibly associated with the simplicity of its earliest forms. (Simplicity is definitely not a quality associated with the construction or performance technique of the modern harp.) Basically, the earliest harp-form was a conjoining of two frame parts; the body and the neck, between which were strung various lengths of gut that were then plucked to produce notes of differing pitch. The earliest harps can be traced back well into antiquity, even as far as 3000BC.
These earliest types were arched harps and angular harps. The framed harp from which the modern orchestral harp derives eventually joined them. Frame harps appeared in about the ninth century AD and it is thought that they arrived with the western drift of Celtic peoples to whom the framed harp was maybe indigenous. The modern harp has the largest range of all orchestral instruments and this it manages with a complement of forty-seven strings. Homepage. The harp is one of the oldest instruments known to humankind, dating back to at least 3000 B.C. The ancient Egyptians had elaborate golden harps that were used in harp ensembles and temple worship.
During the middle ages, itinerant European harpers earned their living by moving from town to town, using small harps for self-accompanied singing, storytelling, and in instrumental consorts. The harp had such mystical significance that many kings or chieftans had harpers in their employ, believing the instrument to possess magical powers. It was not unusual for a harper to remain unharmed during battles, being respected by the enemy and considered immune from attack.
The modern orchestral harp was not perfected until the 19th century. The Pedal or Concert Harp This is the large harp seen playing with orchestras, in formal recitals and in jazz ensembles. The Lever or Folk Harp Types of Harps Owned by the Performer There are many different types of harps available today. Harp Instrument Information. Piano. The pianoforte, commonly abbreviated to piano, is a musical instrument played using a keyboard. It is widely used in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music and accompaniment and for composing and rehearsal. Although the piano is not portable and often expensive, its versatility and ubiquity have made it one of the world's most familiar musical instruments. The word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte (PF), the Italian word for the instrument (which in turn derives from the previous terms gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano). The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "strong" respectively, in this context referring to the variations in sound volume the instrument produces in response to a pianist's touch on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, and the louder the sound of the note produced.
History History and musical performance Piano Facts for Kids. Piano Education for Kids at zZounds. Introduction Known as “The King of Instruments”, the piano is an exciting instrument to learn to play. It was invented by a man named Bartolomeo Cristofori in Florence, Italy around the year 1698. He was a craftsman who repaired harpsichords, and the early piano he invented was an attempt to improve on that instrument. He wanted to make a version of the harpsichord that was able to be played both softly and loudly, and he called his early piano the piano-forte, which means “softly and loudly” in Italian.
These early pianos were a little different from modern pianos, and they were so expensive that only royalty and the very rich could afford them. It wasn’t until the 19th century that pianos came to resemble the instrument we know today and become more affordable so that more people could enjoy owning one. But why learn to play the piano? Famous Composers Don’t assume that famous piano composers are stuffy, old and boring. Tips on How to Have Fun with Lessons Cool Sites. Violin. A young violinist The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, regardless of the type of music played on it. The word violin comes from the Medieval Latin word vitula, meaning stringed instrument; this word is also believed to be the source of the Germanic "fiddle". The violin, while it has ancient origins, acquired most of its modern characteristics in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Violinists and collectors particularly prize the instruments made by the Gasparo da Salò, Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Stradivari, Guarneri and Amati families from the 16th to the 18th century in Brescia and Cremona and by Jacob Stainer in Austria. A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier. History Turkic and Mongolian horsemen from Inner Asia were probably the world’s earliest fiddlers. The most famous violin makers (luthiers) between the 16th century and the 18th century include: 1658 Baroque violin by Jacob Stainer.
Violin Facts. Violin - The History of the Violin. History It is believed that the violin originated from Italy in the early 1500s. It is believed to have evolved from the fiddle and rebec, both were bowed string instruments from the Medieval period. The violin is also believed to have emerged from the lira da braccio, a violin-like instrument of the Renaissance period. The viol, which came before the violin, is also closely related. It is Andrea Amati who is the known developer of the violin. Amati apprenticed as a lute maker and in 1525, he became a master instrument maker. The earliest noted violin makers were Gasparo da Salò and Giovanni Maggini, both Italians, but it is during the 17th and early 18th centuries that the art of violin making reached its peak. Earliest Form The earliest form of the violin is very different from that of today.
At first the violin wasn't popular, in fact, it was considered a musical instrument of low status. By the mid-18th century, the violin enjoyed a vital place in instrumental music ensembles. Guitar. History Before the development of the electric guitar and the use of synthetic materials, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having "a long, fretted neck, flat wooden soundboard, ribs, and a flat back, most often with incurved sides". The term is used to refer to a number of chordophones that were developed and used across Europe, beginning in the 12th century and, later, in the Americas. A 3,300-year-old stone carving of a Hittite bard playing a stringed instrument is the oldest iconographic representation of a chordophone. The term guitar is descended from the Latin word cithara but the modern guitar itself is generally not believed to have descended from the Roman instrument.
Many influences are cited as antecedents to the modern guitar. A guitarra latina (left) and a guitarra morisca (right), Spain, 13th century Types Guitars can be divided into two broad categories, acoustic and electric: Acoustic guitars Renaissance and Baroque guitars Classical guitars Flamenco guitars. The History of Guitars for Kids. Information on Guitar History for Kids Many different ways exist to play music--blowing across an oboe's reeds, pounding on a drum, tickling the ivories of a piano--but one...
Guitar Facts You May Also Like. Information on Guitar History for Kids. Many different ways exist to play music--blowing across an oboe's reeds, pounding... Classical Guitar Information and History Information on Guitar History for Kids. Information on Guitar History for Kids. Until the early 1900s, the guitar was mainly used in Spanish music, but the instrument was embraced by jazz players such as Django Reinhardt who sought to expand its use and sound. Blues musicians such as Robert Johnson also picked up the guitar and created a uniquely American sound, which was then embraced by rock and roll musicians in the 1950s and 1960s. Now, the guitar is one of the most popular instruments in modern music, whether pop music, jazz, folk or alternative rock.
Viola. Music that is written for the viola differs from that of most other instruments, in that it primarily uses the alto clef, which is otherwise rarely used. Viola music employs the treble clef when there are substantial sections of music written in a higher register. The viola occasionally has a major role in orchestral music. In the earlier part of the 20th century, more composers began to write for the viola, encouraged by the emergence of specialized soloists such as Lionel Tertis.
Englishmen Arthur Bliss, York Bowen, Benjamin Dale, and Ralph Vaughan Williams all wrote chamber and concert works for Tertis. William Walton, Bohuslav Martinů and Béla Bartók wrote well-known viola concertos. Paul Hindemith wrote a substantial amount of music for viola. Form The viola is similar in material and construction to the violin. Experiments have tended to increase the size of the viola, in the interest of improving the instrument's sound. Method of playing Tuning Music
Facts About the Instrument Viola. Entry - Facts from the Encyclopedia on Yahoo! Kids.