Predicting children’s language development. We depend on a barrage of standardized tests to assess everything from aptitude to intelligence.
But do they provide an accurate forecast when it comes to something as complex as language? A study by Diane Pesco, an assistant professor in Concordia’s Department of Education, and co-author Daniela O’Neill, published earlier this year in the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, shows that the Language Use Inventory (LUI) does. Developed by O’Neill at the University of Waterloo, the LUI assesses the language of children 18 to 47 months old. In answering a series of questions, parents reveal how their children use language in various situations, including interacting with others, playing, and communicating about the world around them.
Children’s scores can then be compared to those of hundreds of other children the same age from across Canada. The results were promising. Steven Pinker: Language as a Window into Human Nature. The McGurk Effect - Horizon Is Seeing Believing? Neurolinguistics: Language and biology. Neurolinguistics: Language and biology Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System basic cellular unit (chemical transmission, neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine) 1.
Brain anatomy: The brain (average weight 1400gms) has structure Neurology: the science and medicine of the brain (related to neuron = brain cell). Neuroscience: just the science part of neurology, plus (sometimes) the study of artificial neural networks (i.e. connectionism). Neuropsychology: a branch of neurology that deals with the connections between the brain and behavior, using cognitive psychological models.
Neurolinguistics: a branch of neuropsychology that deals with language. The major parts are: Cerebellum: the little brain near the back Cerebrum: the famous part of the brain. All vertebrates have this characteristic. More about the cortex: Within the cortex, information seems to be processed in a parallel distributed fashion, as in a connectionist network. Cortical wrinkles: terminology: 2. Economist.com. Linguistics Babel's children Jan 8th 2004 | LEIPZIG From The Economist print edition Languages may be more different from each other than is currently supposed.
That may affect the way people think IT IS hard to conceive of a language without nouns or verbs. This sort of observation flies in the face of conventional wisdom about what language is. Dr Gil contends, however, that there is a risk of unconscious bias leading to the conclusion that a particular sort of grammar exists in an unfamiliar language.
It need not, however, be a modern language. The difficulty is compounded if a linguist is not fluent in the language he is studying. The experiment, though, was not entirely successful: when the boys realised his intention, they began to speak more formally. Dr Boroditsky's experiment is simple. Dr Gil believes that this might be because time is, in English, an integral grammatical concept—every verb must have a tense, be it past, present or future. Gesture Recognition in Aphasia Therapy. Does Language Influence Culture? Any phonetic script can be learned in just a few hours. If you liked my association technique mentioned below, you would also enjoy my tips on using imagination to memorize vocabulary, which are discussed in great detail with many other hacks in the Language Hacking Guide.
See the most popular posts on the right below for other interesting topics. For those curious, this post discusses Thai, but the ideas can equally be applied to other phonetic scripts such as Japanese (but not as well for Chinese). Just one week into the challenge of reading/speaking Thai in 8 weeks (actually only about 5 hours total, since I’ve been quite busy since I arrived, but I’ve made time to learn on the skytrain/in restaurants/taxis etc.) and I’ve reached the first major milestone already.
I can read Thai. The major thing still missing is tones, which admittedly are an extremely important part of this language that cannot be ignored and I will get to shortly (Edit: Done! It was actually way easier than I expected. From squiggly symbols to new letters า ท Challenges ร.