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Ancient Aboriginal technology unearthed in rare bone discovery on Ngarrindjeri country. A rare glimpse into ancient Aboriginal technology has been uncovered in the form of a bone artefact on Ngarrindjeri country, along the Lower Murray river system in South Australia.

Ancient Aboriginal technology unearthed in rare bone discovery on Ngarrindjeri country

Key points: An ancient bone artefact has been discovered on Ngarrindjeri country in SAIt's a rare find as the last bone discovery in the Lower Murray River Gorge was over 40 years agoResearchers say it builds a bigger picture of Aboriginal tools Found at Murrawong near Murray Bridge by Flinders University researchers, in collaboration with the Ngarrindjeri community, the bone is believed to have come from a macropod, an animal from the marsupial family. Radiocarbon dated to be between 5,300 and 3,800 years old, the bone was detected in amongst a midden site that was excavated in 2008, but has only just been processed and recorded.

It has been labelled as a rare find because the last bone object uncovered in the Lower Murray River Gorge was in the 1970s. Bone builds ancient picture Key points: Oldest-known Australian rock art is 17,300-year-old kangaroo in the Kimberley, wasp nests show. As far as Australian icons go, it's hard to look past the kangaroo.

Oldest-known Australian rock art is 17,300-year-old kangaroo in the Kimberley, wasp nests show

Now it turns out the quintessential macropod is also the subject of Australia's oldest-known rock painting. Key points: For the first time, traditional owners and researchers dated Australian paintings in the "naturalistic" style to between 17,000 and 13,000 years agoThey extracted charcoal from fossilised wasp nests under and atop paint to calculate the minimum and maximum ages of the artworksThe rock art, which is in the Kimberley, feeds into a bigger story that paints a picture of societal and cultural change The 17,300-year-old roo, portrayed in dark mulberry paint on the ceiling of a rock shelter in the Kimberley, is one of a suite of animal depictions — and the odd human-like figure — unveiled in Nature Human Behaviour today.

Traditional owners and archaeologists worked together to calculate the age of "naturalistic" rock art, in Drysdale River National Park, painted by ancestors of the Balanggarra people. Why wasps? Million-year-old DNA from mammoth teeth found in Siberia is oldest genome ever sequenced. It's not quite Jurassic Park, but scientists have successfully extracted and reconstructed million-year-old DNA from mammoth teeth — and solved a couple of mysteries about the creatures' evolutionary history along the way.

Million-year-old DNA from mammoth teeth found in Siberia is oldest genome ever sequenced

Key points: Researchers extracted, sequenced and decoded DNA from three mammoth teethThey calculated the ages of the teeth to 1.65 million, 1.34 million and 870,000 years, making it the oldest DNA sequenced so farGenetic data showed evidence of hybridisation and a potential new species The study, led by a Swedish team, smashed the record for the oldest DNA so far sequenced. Ancient Queensland fish 'close living relative' to humans, scientists believe. Scientists have cracked the world's largest animal genome to better understand the evolution of life on land.

Ancient Queensland fish 'close living relative' to humans, scientists believe

Key points: Australian lungfish have the ability to breathe air using a single lungThey have the largest genome of any animal sequenced so farThe lungfish have existed for nearly 400 million years and fossils show they have remained unchanged for more than 100 million years Researchers say the Australian lungfish, native to the Burnett and Mary Rivers, is the closest living fish relative to humans and other land dwellers. A group of European scientists, led by evolutionary biologist professor Axel Meyer from the University of Konstanz in Germany, sequenced 43 billion DNA building blocks, 14 times larger than the human genome. The sequencing was only made possible through recent technological advancements.

"We can see a lot in the genome and in the biology of the lungfish that helps us understand what the features must have been important for the conquest of land. " Cracking the code. 45,500-year-old rock painting of pigs in Indonesia is the oldest-known art depicting real, recognisable objects. More than 45,500 years ago, perched on a ledge at the back of an Indonesian cave, an artist was at work.

45,500-year-old rock painting of pigs in Indonesia is the oldest-known art depicting real, recognisable objects

Key points: A painting showing three pigs was discovered in a cave in the Indonesian island of Sulawesi in 2017Uranium dating pins the age of the art at a minimum of 45,500 years oldThe researchers suspect the art may be the earliest evidence of modern humans on the island By flickering firelight, they carefully daubed three Sulawesi warty pigs — one more than a metre long — on the limestone wall using dark red pigment, complete with distinctive facial nubs and crest of stiff hair. Today, these and other preserved paintings have been brought to light in the journal Science Advances. Aside from being "breathtaking", such examples of rock art are also helping paint a picture of human habitation and movements through Asia to Australia, according to study co-author and Griffith University archaeologist Adam Brumm. Remains of well-preserved Ice Age woolly rhino found in Siberia. A well-preserved Ice Age woolly rhino with many of its internal organs still intact has been recovered from permafrost in Russia's extreme north.

Remains of well-preserved Ice Age woolly rhino found in Siberia

The discovery is one of the best-preserved specimens of the woolly rhinoThe carcass could be anywhere between 20,000 to 50,000 years oldThere have been several similar discoveries recently, as global warming melts Siberia's permafrost Russian media reported Wednesday that the carcass was revealed by melting permafrost in Yakutia in August. Scientists are waiting for ice roads in the Arctic region to become passable to deliver it to a lab for studies next month. Pterosaurs evolved from small, wingless reptiles called lagerpetids, fossils suggest - ABC News. Pterosaurs may have dominated the skies for 150 million years, but how they gained their wings has been a mystery.

Pterosaurs evolved from small, wingless reptiles called lagerpetids, fossils suggest - ABC News

Key points: Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to evolve powered flight, and lived during the age of the dinosaursHow flight evolved in pterosaurs has been unknown, largely due to meagre fossil recordNew research suggests two-legged, wingless reptiles called lagerpetids were pterosaur ancestors Now, recently unearthed fossils may help fill a gap in the flying predators' family tree, according to a study published in Nature today. The skulls and skeletons are of a group of ancient reptiles — lagerpetids — that trotted around the supercontinent Pangea between 237 and 210 million years ago. These two-legged, wingless creatures share anatomical features with pterosaurs, which were the first vertebrates to evolve flapping flight. So Dr Ezcurra and his team were investigating lagerpetids as a potential part of the dinosaurs' evolutionary tree.

Precious and rare fossils. Dinosaur footprint fossil discovery brings new insight into how they roamed Central Queensland - ABC News. The discovery of a dinosaur footprint fossil from 195 million years ago in Central Queensland has given researchers new insight into the type of prehistoric animals and ecosystems of the time.

Dinosaur footprint fossil discovery brings new insight into how they roamed Central Queensland - ABC News

Key points: A surveyor working at the Callide mine near Biloela 10 years ago stumbled upon a dinosaur footprint fossilDr Romilio was sent the photo recently and was able to render a 3D image of the creatureHe says much of his research this year has been community-led, with people sending previously undocumented fossil photos University of Queensland palaeontologist, Anthony Romilio, was sent a photo of a footprint fossil from a surveyor who worked at the Callide Mine, near Biloela, after he had stumbled upon the prints while working there more than a decade ago. Dr Romilio said the photo showed a small, bird-like footprint that he was then able to 3D model and analyse. "It did mention that Biloela had dinosaur footprints, it didn't describe any, it didn't show any, it was just a note in passing.

The opal fossils that changed a miner's life and introduced a new species from Australia's deep past - ABC News. Looking inside the bag of precious opals, Mike Poben knew he'd found something special, he just wasn't quite sure what.

The opal fossils that changed a miner's life and introduced a new species from Australia's deep past - ABC News

As an opal dealer, he'd seen plenty of gems over the years — Mike found his first when prospecting around Coober Pedy at 16. He licked the dirt off a dull rock, and when the sun hit its sides, it filled with gem colour and revealed an opalised mussel shell. He was hooked. In the decades following that first discovery, Mike dipped in and out of the opal trade — a bit of mining here and there, but mostly buying and selling as a dealer. His fortunes had always gone up and down with the market. After being out of the game for a few years, Mike started making regular trips back to Lightning Ridge in 2013. On one of these visits, a pair of miners turned up at his door offering him some rough opal. The first bag was mostly junk. Archaeologists discover ancient skull of distant human cousin Paranthropus robustus - ABC News.

A two-million-year-old skull from a large-toothed distant human cousin has been unearthed at an Australian-led archaeological dig deep in a South African cave system.

Archaeologists discover ancient skull of distant human cousin Paranthropus robustus - ABC News

Paranthropus robustus walked the Earth at roughly the same time as Homo erectusThe fossil discovery provides the first high-resolution evidence for microevolution within early hominin speciesThe skull was painstakingly reconstructed from hundreds of bone pieces The discovery is the earliest known and best preserved example of the small-brained hominin called Paranthropus robustus, La Trobe University researchers say. The almost complete male skull, found in the Drimolen cave system near Johannesburg in 2018, may also lead to a new understanding of human microevolution. Paranthropus robustus walked the Earth at roughly the same time as our direct ancestor Homo erectus, palaeoanthropologist Angeline Leece said, referring to hominins, a small-brained member of the human family tree. Canadian boy finds fossils critical to the study of the hadrosaur, or duck-billed dinosaur - ABC News.

Nathan Hrushkin has been scouring a remote Canadian canyon for dinosaur remains since he was six, hoping to find some fossils as he works towards his dream of becoming a palaeontologist. Key points: The Hruskins have been praised for the care they took photographing and recording the location of the dinosaur bonesTheir find has led to the discovery of between 30 and 50 more bones from the same dinosaurScientists say the fossils will help them fill gaps in their knowledge of how dinosaurs evolved 69 million years ago In June, the 12-year-old was exploring Horseshoe Canyon, which lies an isolated pocked of the Badlands in the Alberta prairies, and found four partially exposed bones that were on Thursday confirmed as being part of a "significant dinosaur skeleton". They belonged to a young hadrosaur, which is also commonly known as a duck-billed dinosaur.

Ikaria wariootia, a worm found fossilised in SA's Flinders Ranges, is our oldest known ancestor - ABC News. A worm-like animal that was half the size of a rice grain and lived more than 550 million years ago is likely to be humanity's oldest known ancestor. Ikaria wariootia lived during the Ediacaran period, when much of central Australia was under water. Fossils of it were found at Nilpena in South Australia's Flinders Ranges and studies published recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences revealed it was the earliest known bilaterian. Ancient Aboriginal site Moyjil could rewrite the global story of human migration - ABC News. Stonehenge megaliths' origin tracked by scientists to West Woods site 25 kilometres away - ABC News.

Woolly mammoth skeleton found well-preserved in lake in Russia's Arctic - ABC News. Erawondoo Hill is added to the National Heritage List to protect its zircon crystals, the oldest minerals on Earth - ABC News. Fossilised bones of rare 'delicate' dinosaur elaphrosaur identified in a first of its kind in Australia - ABC News. Ikaria wariootia, a worm found fossilised in SA's Flinders Ranges, is our oldest known ancestor. Historic haul of Australian amber fossils includes ants, spiders and fornicating flies - Science - ABC News. Birds do it, bees do it, even ancient long-legged flies did it… At least this pair did — until they were suffocated in a glob of tree resin around 40 million years ago.

Amber fossils key points Key points Scientists found thousands of pieces of amber, many containing animal and plant fossilsThe discoveries include the oldest fossils of ants and slender springtails in AustraliaThey open an unprecedented window back in time to the ecosystems of the ancient Southern Hemisphere supercontinent Gondwana These flies are locked in amorous embrace, looking just the way they did when they died. They are part of giant haul of the oldest fossilised resin, or amber, to be found in the Southern Hemisphere, according to researchers whose findings are published today in the journal Scientific Reports. Skull of a toddler is the oldest known fossil of the earliest human, Homo erectus - Science - ABC News. The child was no more than three years old when it died, but its tiny skull provides the earliest ever glimpse into the lineage that gave rise to us.

Key points The skull of an ancient toddler from a species known as Homo erectus has been found in South AfricaThe fossil is dated to between 2.04 million and 1.95 million years old, pushing back the age of the species by up to 200,000 yearsIt was also found with the skull of a species on a side-branch of our evolutionary tree, which suggests many species overlapped in South Africa at the time Palaeoarchaeologists say the toddler's skull, which was unearthed in South Africa, belonged to the earliest group of humans known as Homo erectus. While this ancient species had a smaller brain than us, it walked upright and was the first to wander out of Africa to settle large parts of the world, right through to Asia.

The discovery of the toddler's skull could help us understand more about our ancestors. How Gunditjmara words and traditions hold stories of Victoria's rich volcanic history. Posted about 8 hours agoSat 21 Mar 2020, 1:31am As some of Australia's youngest volcanoes threw plumes of ash into the sky and sent rivers of lava to the sea, the first people to live in south-west Victoria likely watched as the landscape they knew so well dramatically transformed. Key points: There's strong evidence Aboriginal people witnessed volcanoes erupting and passed those stories over thousands of yearsPlace names and creation stories served as a warning about further volcanic activitySouth-eastern Australia's Newer Volcanics Province is "due" for another volcanic eruption Recent studies have relied on physical evidence, including a human-made axe head found under volcanic ash, to show people were in the region before two major eruptions about 37,000 years ago.

But descendants of those first people say a rich cultural knowledge of the region has always been evident in place names, creation stories and other histories been passed down through generations. Teeth from 50-tonne megalodon sharks found in abundance in north-west WA. Updated about an hour agoSat 29 Feb 2020, 10:24pm. Traditional owners aghast after Uluru cave painting vandalised with vegetable oil. Updated yesterday at 8:46amFri 28 Feb 2020, 8:46am A prominent cave painting at the base of Uluru has been vandalised with vegetable oil, according to the national park's visitor and tourism manager. Australian lion species discovered in Queensland's Riversleigh World Heritage area. Updated 10 minutes agoFri 28 Feb 2020, 12:44am. Volcanoes in Victoria reveal fresh evidence of eruptions 37,000 years ago. Updated about an hour agoWed 26 Feb 2020, 12:26am Fresh evidence shows two prominent south-west Victorian volcanoes, Budj Bim and Tower Hill, erupted at least 34,000 years ago and that people were in the area before those eruptions.

Scientists identify billion-year-old Chinese seaweed, possibly the oldest green plant fossil ever found. Posted about an hour agoTue 25 Feb 2020, 4:39am Scientists have discovered what may be the oldest fossils of a green plant ever found. Key points: Neanderthal skeleton unearthed at 'flower burial' site in Iraq holds clues about ancient death rites - Science News - ABC News. Once we thought that ours was the only species to use rituals to mourn the dead. Brachiosaurus bone 2 metres long excavated in Utah with help of horses - Science News - ABC News. Like a scene from the 19th century, US fossil hunters have used Clydesdale horses to remove a rare giant dinosaur bone from a gully in the mid-west desert.

Budj Bim Cultural Landscape fire reveals new sections of ancient aquatic system. Updated yesterday at 2:15amSun 19 Jan 2020, 2:15am. Skeletal remains found on Mackay riverbank likely to be human, Queensland police say. Posted yesterday at 6:24amSat 18 Jan 2020, 6:24am. New findings from Australia's Wolfe Creek Crater shows large meteorites 'like a nuclear bomb' hit Earth every 180 years. Posted about 3 hours agoSat 14 Dec 2019, 9:00pm Australia's Wolfe Creek Crater is much younger than previously thought, and has allowed scientists to calculate how often meteorites hit Earth with the force of massive nuclear explosions. Indonesian 44,000-year-old cave art is earliest known record of 'storytelling', researchers say. Neanderthals commonly suffered from surfer's ear - Science News - ABC News.

Riversleigh fossil deposit, acclaimed by Sir David Attenborough, still giving up its secrets. Partial skull found in Greece shows modern humans were in Eurasia 210,000 years ago - Science News - ABC News. Indigenous ranger's quest to preserve Simpson Desert knowledge and 60,000-year-old history of his people. Diprotodon giant wombat fossil discovered in regional NSW, being examined by Australian Museum.

Lake Mungo mysteries captivate students as archaeologists try to solve 50,000-year-old questions. Fossils of giant new species of sea creature found on South Australia's Kangaroo Island. Dinosaur fossils are available for sale on eBay. so why did it take America's national museum so long to get a Tyrannosaurus rex? Fossil nuts from ancient Gondwanan beech tree challenge plant evolution - Science News - ABC News. 'We used to smash them up': How opal mining led to a haul of dinosaur bones at Lightning Ridge.

Archaeologists find oldest Scandinavian human DNA in ancient chewing gum. 15-million-year-old fossil reveals skinks had crushing jaw, rounded teeth. New Zealand man discovers ancient moa footprints while taking dogs for a swim. Mary Anning inspired 'she sells sea shells' — but she was actually a legendary fossil hunter - RN. Ice Age fossils and 12,000-year-old human skeleton found in Mexican underwater cave. Fossil jawbone found in cave on Tibetan Plateau may be Denisovan - Science News - ABC News. Giant carnivore fossil found in museum drawer by palaeontologist on his lunch break - Science News - ABC News. Early human fossil remains found in Philippines cave may herald new species — Homo luzonensis - Science News - ABC News.

Stonehenge and the battle over a $3 billion tunnel under one of the world's most famous prehistoric sites. Researchers uncover 66-million-year-old fish fossils from the day the dinosaurs died. Tyrannosaurus rex found in Canada is largest-ever and 'lived a violent life' Landmark hepatitis study tracks ancient human movements into Australia. New wallaby-sized dinosaur identified from fossils found along Victorian coast - Science News - ABC News.

How Winton's dinosaur footprints were saved from the Queensland floods. Neanderthals and Denisovans lived in same Siberian cave for 100,000 years - Science News - ABC News. Cave diver finds prehistoric bones in 'new room' of underwater cave network. Complete skeleton of 'Tasmanian devil on steroids' reveals secrets of Australian 'stealth predator' - Science News - ABC News. Stone mask from the Neolithic era found in the West Bank. Mungo Man is home, but where should he rest? Calls for a memorial for the oldest Australian ever discovered. Scientists dig into rich, remote Bullock Creek fossil site for first time in 16 years. Documentary sheds light on robbing of Indigenous remains 'in the name of science' Fossilised fat confirms Earth's oldest known animal - Science News - ABC News. Ancient virus lurking in remote Australia, affecting thousands of Aboriginal adults.

Oldest-known hashtag made by Stone Age humans in Africa - Science News - ABC News. Croatian discovery pushes the date of cheese-making back 4,000 years. Antarctic adventurers call for heavy-duty horsepower to aid ancient ice quest. DNA reveals ancient girl from Siberia had Neanderthal mother and Denisovan father - Science News - ABC News. Human skull sparks DNA hunt to identify dozens of unmarked remains in remote Australia.

Blue whale skeleton to get new home in WA Museum after a painstaking restoration process. Homo erectus died out due to lack of planning, lazy gathering strategies: ANU research. Pygmy people in Indonesia not related to 'hobbit' but evolved short stature independently - Science News - ABC News. Iceman's stomach contents give a glimpse of what people ate in Copper Age. Ancient pygmy right whale fossil identified 60 years after being found on Melbourne beach. The Tarn Shelf in Tasmania's Mount Field National Park is a window to the Cretaceous Period - Science News - ABC News. Indigenous languages come from just one common ancestor, researchers say.

Extinct gibbon discovered in ancient Chinese tomb first ape to vanish after the Ice Age - Science News - ABC News. Ancient DNA shows first farmers in South-East Asia migrated from China 4,500 years ago - Science News - ABC News. Virus afflicting thousands of Indigenous Australians to receive 'rapid action', Health Minister Greg Hunt signals. Fossil find of 33-million-year-old sea lilies in outback WA challenges major palaeontology theory.

Evidence of ancient feast unearthed near Pilbara mining site. Ancient cave reveals secrets of technological innovation in the Stone Age. Ancient butchered rhino suggests humans lived in the Philippines 700,000 years ago - Science News - ABC News. Human finger bone fossil found in Saudi Arabia changes the story on human global migration. Finding unmarked Aboriginal graves in the outback using radar technology. Mungo Man: What to do next with Australia's oldest human remains? Early humans were using ochre and making advanced tools in Africa more than 300,000 years ago - Science News - ABC News. Ancient jaw bone found in Israel shows modern humans left Africa 180,000 years ago - Science News - ABC News. World's oldest-known rock art created by Neanderthals, not modern humans - Science News - ABC News. Cheddar Man: First modern Britons had 'dark to black' skin, DNA research reveals.

Star in Southern Cross constellation now known by traditional Aboriginal name. Ice Age fossils, including rare mammoth, found during LA subway extension work. Genetic map reveals impact of interbreeding with ancient Denisovans and Neanderthals - Science News - ABC News. Scientists Have Found the Oldest Known Human Fossils. Mungo Man returned to ancestral home where he died 40,000 years ago. Curious Kids: Where did the first person come from? - The Conversation - ABC Splash - Black mum, white mum: Recordings capture a nomadic Indigenous life roaming the WA desert. Aboriginal people spread native plants by hand, new study finds.