四大著名吝嗇鬼 (小說) 四大著名吝嗇鬼，是指歐洲小說中的四個小說人物，這四個人物分別產生於三個國家，出自四位名家之手，這四位吝嗇鬼形象涉及幾個世紀的社會生存，從另一個角度總結了歐洲四百年來資本主義歷史發展的過程；在那個物欲橫流的時代，人和人之間，除了“赤裸裸的金錢關係”、冷酷的“現金交易”之外再也沒有任何關聯了。
一般公認，世界文學領域有四大吝嗇鬼： Gilbert Cannan. 魚の一覧. さまざまな魚 魚の一覧（さかなのいちらん）は、魚（脊椎動物の魚類と無顎類）の和名などを列記したもの。
萨缪尔·贝克特. 萨缪尔·贝克特（Samuel Beckett，1906年4月13日－1989年11月10日），20世纪爱尔兰、法国作家，创作的领域包括戏剧、小说和诗歌，尤以戏剧成就最高。
他是荒诞派戏剧的重要代表人物。 1969年，他因“以一种新的小说与戏剧的形式，以崇高的艺术表现人类的苦恼”而获得诺贝尔文学奖。 André Malraux. Early years Malraux was born in Paris in 1901, the son of Fernand-Georges Malraux and Berthe Lamy (Malraux).
His parents separated in 1905 and eventually divorced. There are suggestions that Malraux's paternal grandfather committed suicide in 1909. Malraux was raised by his mother, maternal aunt Marie and maternal grandmother, Adrienne Lamy-Romagna, who had a grocery store in the small town of Bondy. His father, a stockbroker, committed suicide in 1930 after the international crash of the stock market and onset of the Great Depression. From his childhood, associates noticed that André had marked nervousness and motor and vocal tics. The recent biographer Olivier Todd, who published a book on Malraux in 2005, suggests that he had Tourette's syndrome, although that has not been confirmed. Either way, most critics have not seen this as a significant factor in Malraux's life or literary works. Jean-Christophe. Jean-Christophe (1904‒1912) is the novel in ten volumes by Romain Rolland for which he received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.
It was translated into English by Gilbert Cannan. The first four volumes are sometimes grouped as Jean-Christophe, the next three as Jean-Christophe à Paris, and the last three as La fin du voyage ("Journey's End"). L'Aube ("Dawn", 1904)Le Matin ("Morning", 1904)L'Adolescent ("Youth", 1904)La Révolte ("Revolt", 1905)La Foire sur la place ("The Marketplace", 1908)Antoinette (1908)Dans la maison ("The House", 1908)Les Amies ("Love and Friendship", 1910)Le Buisson ardent ("The Burning Bush", 1911)La Nouvelle Journée ("The New Dawn", 1912) The English translations appeared between 1911 and 1913. 罗曼·罗兰. 罗曼·罗兰（法语：Romain Rolland，1866年1月29日－1944年12月30日），20世纪的法国著名作家、音乐评论家，為1915年的诺贝尔文学奖得主。
生平[编辑] 1867年出生于法国中部，1880年全家遷至巴黎。 他于1889年毕业于巴黎高等师范学院史学系，不久来到罗马读研究生。 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life, published during the preceding calendar year. As the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel, it was one of the original Pulitzers, for the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year. (No Novel prize was awarded, so it was inaugurated in 1918, in a sense). Finalists have been announced from 1980, ordinarily two others beside the winner. Winners In 31 years under the "Novel" name, the prize was awarded 27 times; in its first 66 years to 2013 under the "Fiction" name, 59 times. 1910s
Philosophy of language. Day Jobs of Famous Writers Before They Were Famous « David Kubicek. Most writers have been faced with the challenge of making a living while waiting for that big break.
追憶逝水年華. 《追憶似水年華》（法语：À la recherche du temps perdu），又譯作《追尋逝去的時光》、《追憶似水流年》、《往事追跡錄》，是法国作家马塞尔·普鲁斯特（Marcel Proust，1871年—1922年）的作品，也是全世界最长的小说。
散文. Christopher Nolan. Christopher Jonathan James Nolan (/ˈnoʊlən/; born 30 July 1970) is an British-American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
He has created several of the most critically and commercially successful films of the early 21st century. His nine films have grossed over $4.2 billion worldwide and garnered a total of 26 Oscar nominations and seven awards. Early life Nolan was born in London. His British father, Brendan James Nolan, was an advertising executive, and his American mother, Christina (née Jensen), worked as a flight attendant and English teacher. His childhood was split between London and Chicago, and he has both British and American citizenship. He has an older brother, Matthew, and a younger brother, Jonathan. Nolan began making films at age seven, borrowing his father's Super 8 camera and shooting short films with his action figures. From the age of 11, he aspired to be a professional filmmaker. Career 1990s 2000s
Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay) The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material.
It was created for 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay. In 2002, the name of the award was changed from "Writing (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)" to "Writing (Original Screenplay)". Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C.
Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Tom Stoppard and Terence Rattigan. 科幻小说. Very now: Has present-tense narration really taken over fiction? Getting inside the moment ... Abseiler cleaning one of the faces of Big Ben. Photograph: Martin Keene/PA There's always a lost-in-translation risk when literary criticism moves to the news pages – those foreign fields in which discussions are always "spats", and those who are "attacked" always "hit back". A history of the present. What do John Updike's Rabbit, Run, Muriel Spark's The Driver's Seat, Malcolm Bradbury's The History Man and Margaret Atwood's Surfacing have in common? Category:Best Original Screenplay Academy Award winners. First person, present tense - the most powerful form of storytelling.
Real-time There's a reason why we go to the movies: to be entertained. Philip Pullman calls time on the present tense. Last week, the Daily Telegraph printed a story headlined "Philip Pullman and Philip Hensher criticise Booker prize for including present-tense novels". Not for the first time, a statement bellowed forthrightly in a headline became rather more muffled and provisional in the text below it, which carefully avoided having me say directly that I was criticising the Man Booker shortlist. I hadn't done that because I hadn't read the books. 15 rules for writing novels. All the other writing blogs have lists of mistakes you should avoid making when writing. So here is mine. 1. Never write using a first person point of view 2. PRESENT TENSE PROBLEMS. Some time ago a blog reader asked me to write about the use of present tense and the problems or issues it raises.
Here's what she said: "My son (13) has just started writing a book – he did NaNoWriMo in November as well, so now there is no stopping him! He has always read a lot of fantasy but recently he read ‘Wasted’ and loved it. Top 10 present tense books. Pekino. 10 Best Wordpress Themes for Authors. Authors are well aware of the benefits of blogging, and a serviceable blog is now a tool of almost every author’s trade, alongside the HB pencil and the moleskine notebook. As an author, and as a recent but enthusiastic WordPress adopter, I thought I’d put together a list of ten WordPress themes which are ideal for authors. I am aware that WordPress is not the only blogging platform, but in 2011 WordPress is by far the most popular of the various options, so with that in mind, allow me to present my personal selection of the 10 best WordPress themes for authors. The following countdown reflects my preference for clean white themes. It is a matter of personal taste, but also seems to be a logical choice for authors, who want the focus to be on words and book covers rather than on snowflakes and dancing penguins.
Branding is important, of course, but all of the themes below can be easily customized to reflect your unique author brand. ClipArt ETC: Free Educational Illustrations for Classroom Use. Alphabets The Alphabets ClipArt collection offers 1,193 illustrations arranged in 43 galleries including decorative letters and numerals, complete alphabet sets, and several sign language systems. If you are looking… American History and Government The American History and Government ClipArt collection offers 2,515 illustrations arranged in 26 galleries.
Great Books of the Western World. The Great Books (second edition) Great Books of the Western World is a series of books originally published in the United States in 1952 by Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. to present the Great Books in a single package of 54 volumes. Character (arts) The study of a character requires an analysis of its relations with all of the other characters in the work. The individual status of a character is defined through the network of oppositions (proairetic, pragmatic, linguistic, proxemic) that it forms with the other characters. The relation between characters and the action of the story shifts historically, often miming shifts in society and its ideas about human individuality, self-determination, and the social order.
SFscreenwriting - Famous Screenwriters. List of stock characters. Book Country: Discussions on Genre, Writing, and Publishing. Present tense for novel writing. Plot twist. Locked room mystery. A Syntopicon: An Index to The Great Ideas. Prose. Philip Pullman and Philip Hensher criticise Booker Prize for including present tense novels. Story arc. Stock character. Novella. List of novellas. Short story. Chain novel. 小说写作技巧-小说写作技巧,写作教程,中国素材天下网! 小说. Pastiche. 奇幻小说. Plot hole. TENSE ABOUT THE PRESENT. Top 10 Longest Novels in the English Language. 亚历山大·谢尔盖耶维奇·普希金. 死魂靈.
费德里柯·费里尼. 日本文學. 尼古莱·果戈理. Science fiction. Longest novels. 威廉·福克納. 等待戈多. Western canon. Classic novels. General history research methods. 莫里斯·梅特林克. List of highest-grossing films. List of James Bond novels and stories. Lee Child. Alberto Moravia. Honoré de Balzac. Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Vilhelmo. Anton Chekhov. Jack Reacher.