background preloader


Facebook Twitter

The Nazi hunters who wouldn’t give up: “Many war criminals… simply went back and resumed their lives” Detailed, dramatic, and at times gripping, Adam Nagorski’s “The Nazi Hunters” looks at about a dozen men and women who kept pushing at a time when the world was trying to move on. Hunters like Simon Wiesenthal and Serge and Ben Klarsfeld are characters here, as are Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie, Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Hoess, “Angel of Death” Josef Mengele, “Bitch of Buchenwald” Ilse Koch, and the notorious Holocaust mastermind Adolf Eichmann.

Much of the book chronicles various hunts and tells the stories of those who led them. But it also considers the larger moral issues around the effort: Were these hunters motivated by vengeance? What could be gained by arresting rickety old camp guards, decades later? How much were the villains responsible for their actions? We spoke to Nagorski, who worked as Newsweek’s bureau chief in Hong Kong and several European capitals, from New York, where he was touring behind the book. I thought a lot about that in the process. Which American dream will win?: Donald Trump as existential hero and the ugliness lurking in the “dream life of our nation” The President of the United States plays a wide range of roles on the single stage of national leadership. More than a policymaker, commander, and executive, the President, for better and worse, is an emotional director for the country’s culture.

The impact a President makes on the nation’s laws and politics is significant, but it is often a small dent in comparison to the crater of cultural influence. In addition to the empowerment of specific constituencies, Presidents also – through use of language, prioritization of ideas, and temperament – push American culture until it tilts in one direction. George W. Bush enabled religious fanatics and nationalists to feel great pride in their ignorance and zealotry, just as it is no coincidence that the cultural left ascended to new prominence under the Presidency of Barack Obama. Obama did nothing to directly encourage practitioners of identity politics. Peter Falk als Columbo: Die Rolle seines Lebens. Alle sitzen vor einem Kamin, im einzigen Raum des Schlosses, der beheizt ist. Überquellende Aschenbecher. Schweiß und Männergespräche. Neben Peter Falk stehen die dreckigen Stiefel, die er den ganzen Tag getragen hat. Am Set des Filmes "Das Schloss in den Ardennen" kämpft man mit dem serbischen Winter.

Allabendlich dann das gleiche Ritual: Im Anwesen nahe der Stadt Novi Sad vergnügt sich die Crew beim Pokern und Whisky trinken, unter ihnen auch Burt Lancaster. Es gibt sonst keine Ablenkung in der einsamen, frostigen Gegend. Das Jahr 1968 beginnt für den 39-jährigen Schauspieler Peter Falk, der es im Kino bis dahin auf einige Nebenrollen gebracht hat, hinterm Eisernen Vorhang in Jugoslawien - den man dort für westliche Devisen etwas gelockert hat. In Paris und Berlin werden bald die ersten Barrikaden brennen.

Vierte Wahl Das Angebot, für ein paar Monate in Europa abzutauchen, kam da gerade recht. Lieber zeichnen oder Theater spielen Falk sagt sofort zu. Ein Charakter, der ihm nahe stand. US-Vorwahlen: Chaos-Parteitag bei den Demokraten 1924. Dieses Mal sparte sich Donald Trump die Siegesfeier. Nachdem er die jüngsten US-Vorwahlen in Arizona gewonnen, in Utah aber verloren hatte, beschränkte sich der Republikaner auf ein paar obligatorische Twitter-Posts: "Danke, Arizona! " Warum auch mehr? Die Nominierung seiner Partei scheint Trump sowieso sicher zu haben. Seine republikanischen Rivalen dagegen hoffen auf eine letzte Chance, den bombastischen Populisten zu stoppen: Spätestens beim Wahlparteitag Ende Juli könne man Trump vielleicht durch einen weniger radikalen Kandidaten ersetzen.

"Ich halte es für möglich", sagt Parteichef Reince Priebus. "Wir bereiten uns darauf vor. " Doch dieses Szenario wird immer unwahrscheinlicher. Wie unappetitlich das wäre, zeigt ein Blick zurück, ins Jahr 1924. Zwar gab es später einige ähnlich umstrittene Parteitage, doch nie mehr ein solches Desaster. Hexenkessel mitten in New York Allein der Schauplatz des Parteitags von 1924 war spektakulär - New Yorks Madison Square Garden. Am 15. The oil man and his dictators: Benito Mussolini, Francisco Franco and the forgotten fascist history of Texaco. [This piece has been adapted from Adam Hochschild’s new book, Spain in Our Hearts: Americans in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939.] “Merchants have no country,” wrote Thomas Jefferson in 1814.

“The mere spot they stand on does not constitute so strong an attachment as that from which they draw their gains.” The former president was ruing the way New England traders and shipowners, fearing the loss of lucrative transatlantic commerce, failed to rally to their country in the War of 1812. Today, with the places from which “merchants” draw their gains spread across the planet, corporations are even less likely to feel loyalty to any country in particular. No corporations have been more aggressive in forging their own foreign policies than the big oil companies.

His unsavory tale is now part of the historical record, thanks to Mayer. Flying the Skull and Crossbones Atop an Empire of Oil Torkild Rieber was a barrel-chested, square-jawed figure whose presence dominated any occasion. This is how the GOP imploded: The real story behind the conservative crack-up, and the creation of Donald Trump. Today’s civil war in the GOP has observers scrambling to make sense of the struggle among the current Republican presidential candidates.

Pundits are trying to find the roots of the chaos in President Obama’s 2008 election or in the rise of the Tea Party in 2010. But the current fights are only the fallout from a split that started in the 1930s, cracked open in the 1960s, and was complete in the 1990s. We cannot understand the present without understanding that earlier rift.

The Republican Party split in two in response to the New Deal. FDR’s continued popularity made many Republicans recognize that the party would die if it did not bow to the reality that Americans wanted activist government of some kind. This split between the Taft Republicans and the moderates became a war when moderates from New York and New England helped General Dwight D. When Eisenhower developed his own version of the New Deal, Taft Republicans exploded. That popularity infuriated Taft Republicans. WW1's The Somme: a terrible learning curve. Today the northern part of the Somme battlefield is dominated by the huge Memorial to the Missing at Thiepval.

Here are inscribed the names of 72,085 soldiers of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) who were killed but have no known grave. Before the First World War there was a chateau and a village here, but in the summer of 1916 it became the site of a bitter battle that lasted for nearly three months. Located on the German first position, the Thiepval Memorial offers mute testimony to the disastrous first day of the Somme, a day that has become synonymous with military incompetence. Yet a short distance away, on the site of the chateau is another memorial, an obelisk on a plinth.

This commemorates 18th (Eastern) Division, which finally captured Thiepval on 26–27 September 1916: an operation that demonstrated how much the BEF had learnt from the fighting on the Somme. Facing a first class enemy Two years later things were very different. At 7.30am the attack began. Somme stats. The Eichmann Of The Confederate South. After tensions with her mother forced her to move out of her home, 18-year-old Anry Fuentes is finding a new family with her high school’s cheerleading squad, which she’s joining after two years of tryouts.

In recent years, high schools have become a battleground for transgender issues, but one trans teen’s inspiring story should give advocates reason to hope. Last Wednesday, 18-year-old Anry Fuentes made national news when she scored a spot on the cheerleading team at her local high school in Denair, California, after failing to make the cut the previous year. This makes her the first transgender cheerleader in the county’s history—and one of just a handful across the country. But Fuentes said that she wasn’t interested in making history. After not making it the year before, she was just trying to persevere for herself. “I was wanting to get on that team [so] I’m going to get on that team,” she told The Daily Beast. And Fuentes’ school has stood by her. “I am a girl,” Perry said. When Texas fell to the wingnuts: The secret history of the Southern strategy, modern conservatism and the Lone Star State.

From the vantage point of most Dallas Republicans in early 1963, Barry Goldwater represented the brightest hope for national conservative Republicanism since the death of Robert Taft in 1953. Annoyance with the New Deal, particularly the National Industrial Recovery Act’s wage and price controls, which interfered with the management of his family’s department store, led to Goldwater’s first foray into politics as a member of the Phoenix city council.

A successful candidate for the United States Senate in 1952, Goldwater assailed President Truman’s New Deal. Campaigning for reelection in 1958, he attacked “labor bosses” and unions with even more ferocity than in 1952. The Arizona senator’s views echoed those of many North Texas businessmen. Enclosing a thousand-dollar check, Fort Worth oilman W. A. Moncrief wrote to Goldwater that Walter Reuther, the president of the United Auto Workers, was “the most powerful and dangerous man in America today.” The Politics of Law and Order Rout. They died for Henry Kissinger’s “credibility”: The real history of our Vietnam immorality. Détente with the Soviet Union and the opening to China were significant breakthroughs in their own right. Indeed, a positive appraisal of the Nixon administration’s foreign policies is predicated on our viewing them this way.

But Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger did not view them in isolation at the time. Instead, both men believed that Moscow and Beijing, keen to extract economic and strategic benefits from an improved relationship with Washington, would apply pressure on Hanoi to agree to peace terms permitting a full American withdrawal. On this topic their reasoning was misguided. It did not accord sufficient respect to North Vietnam’s fiercely guarded status as an independent actor, or indeed to the ideological solidarity that existed on at least a bilateral basis between Hanoi and its two Marxist-Leninist patrons.

So when the United States withdrew from Vietnam in January 1973, when “peace” was finally achieved, it came at a horrendous cost. The Pope wanted Hitler dead: The secret story of the Vatican’s war to kill the Nazi despot. At six in the morning on Sunday, 12 March, a procession snaked toward the bronze doors of St. Peter’s. Swiss Guards led the line, followed by barefoot friars with belts of rope. Pius took his place at the end, borne on a portable throne. Ostrich plumes stirred silently to either side, like quotation marks. Pius entered the basilica to a blare of silver trumpets and a burst of applause. Outside, police pushed back the crowds.

At noon Pius emerged. Germany’s ambassador to the Holy See, Diego von Bergen, reportedly said of the ceremony: “Very moving and beautiful, but it will be the last.” As Pacelli was crowned, Hitler at tended a state ceremony in Berlin. On 15 March the German army entered Prague. Hitler’s seizure of Czechoslovakia put Europe in crisis. Perhaps no pope in nearly a millennium had taken power amid such general fear.

The political crisis had in fact produced a political pope. Politics were in Pacelli’s blood. Some thought his priestly mixing in politics a contradiction. Libertarian superstar Ayn Rand defended Native American genocide: “Racism didn’t exist in this country until the liberals brought it up” Ayn Rand is the patron saint of the libertarian Right. Her writings are quoted in a quasi-religious manner by American reactionaries, cited like Biblical codices that offer profound answers to all of life’s complex problems (namely, just “Free the Market”). Yet, despite her impeccable libertarian bona fides, Rand defended the colonization and genocide of what she called the “savage” Native Americans — one of the most authoritarian campaigns of death and suffering ever orchestrated.

“Any white person who brings the elements of civilization had the right to take over this continent,” Ayn Rand proclaimed, “and it is great that some people did, and discovered here what they couldn’t do anywhere else in the world and what the Indians, if there are any racist Indians today, do not believe to this day: respect for individual rights.” Rand made these remarks before the graduating class of the U.S. “Philosophy: Who Needs It” remains one of Ayn Rand’s most popular and influential speeches.

Diary of Soviet Ambassador to London Rewrites History of World War II. The History Behind Hating Lefties. The numbers don’t lie—women with college degrees outrank men with degrees so some women looking for a guy with a diploma are bound to remain single. You feel like you’re in romantic purgatory. It’s real. It’s not a hazy paranoia. And it’s not a matter of being too fat or too loud, too timid or too aggressive, too slutty or too frigid. As financial reporter and author of Date-Onomics: How Dating Became a Lopsided Numbers Game, Jon Birger puts it, “It’s not that He’s Just not That Into You. In his book, Birger eloquently explains, in terms that even the non-statistically-literate can comprehend, that the gender ratios of college graduating classes in the past few decades reveal that there really aren’t enough single guys.

If we assume these women will want to marry college-educated men—a desire that Birger convincingly argues should and will change—there’s simply not enough men to make all those trips down the aisle a reality. Birger points to a relatively-overlooked book Too Many Women? The Espionage in Your Gin & Tonic. The PBS documentary turns 25 this year, just as the Charleston murders and the Confederate flag debate freshly exposed a nation’s racial wounds—wounds the film mostly ignores. In October 1862, the photographer Mathew Brady opened an exhibition in his New York studio called “The Dead of Antietam.” In it he presented nearly 100 images of the Civil War battlefield that saw what was, up to that time, the bloodiest confrontation ever fought on American soil. In one day, more than 20,000 men had been killed, wounded, or gone missing. Brady’s assistants, Alexander Gardner and James Gibson, arrived soon after the fighting was over and turned their lenses on the corpses of the Union and Confederate soldiers, capturing the grotesque reality of death in an age when people still imagined that war was a chivalrous affair.

Here were the bodies piled on top of each other in “The Bloody Lane,” there were the bloated cadavers of Confederates, their pockets turned inside out by pillagers. Even Union Gen. Best of Breslin: Meyer Lansky Didn’t Know How to Behave. Butter cows, fried food, and the world’s most sought after presidential candidate. The day the 2016 circus came to the Iowa State Fair started out quietly. There were no lines for fried food, little girls with long golden braids walked their honey-colored spotted cows into a waiting pasture.

Somewhere in the distance, a woman sang the national anthem—officially bringing the first weekend of the annual agriculture-fest to a start. This calm would soon be shattered by a series of political sideshows with varying degrees of intensity and celebrity—a microcosm of the debate taking place on the national stage where two megastars vie for the spotlight and everyone else watches, hoping for a misstep that could lead to their day in the sun. The Iowa State Fair is a rite of passage for those seeking the presidential nomination for their respective parties. It was here Mitt Romney made the “corporations are people” remark that stuck with him the rest of the 2012 campaign. Indeed. "I saw her hair! " How the End of World War II Almost Didn’t Happen. From Roseanne Barr to Beyoncé, How Singers Have Succeeded and Failed With 'The Star-Spangled Banner'

"The Brother" Who Sent the Rosenbergs to Their Death | Sam Roberts. 'Saigon Has Fallen': The Vietnam War's Final Hours Through One Reporter's Eyes. 10 historical “facts” only a wingnut could believe. After the Assassination: Images from HBO's Living With Lincoln Documentary. Altamira: la Capilla Sixtina del arte rupestre reabre sus puertas - BBC Mundo - Noticias. Anatomy of a racist revolution: How the GOP was hijacked by small-state bigotry. Are Stonehenge's Boulders Actually Big Bells? Bernard Bailyn Makes an Art of the Writing of History. Brain training doesn’t make you smarter. Bury Lenin's Body: The Symbol of Communism Should No Longer Mock Humanity | Doug Bandow.

Cómo el cerebro graba para siempre la lengua materna - BBC Mundo. Did America Win or Lose the Iraq War? Dressing the Indian woman through history. Gallipoli: WWI's Most Disastrous Battle. Hannah More: Powerhouse in a Petticoat. Hitler, Franco, and a Banker: The Path Not Taken in Nazi Germany | Elizabeth Nicholas. How does black hair reflect black history? - BBC News. How fast food targets you: The secret science — and sauce — behind McDonald’s, Snickers, Fritos and more. How Moses Could Have Parted the Red Sea. How Slavery Gave Capitalism Its Start. How the Ottomans Ruined the 20th Century. How the South could have been saved: Abraham Lincoln’s last speech, and a vision unrealized. King Tut had a clubbed foot and other maladies because his parents were siblings. New DNA study ‘confirms 99.999%’ that Leicester skeleton is Richard III. Operation Mincemeat. Resuelven el misterio de cómo construyeron las pirámides de Egipto - BBC Mundo - Noticias.

Roosevelt Years (Serb that warned Hoover on possible attack on Pearl Harbour) Rwanda urged to take criminal action over BBC genocide film. Secrets of a power marriage: The Disraelis were the Clintons of their time. Ten Reasons Why Obama Should Travel to Armenia on April 24 | Harut Sassounian. The birth of American plutocracy: When the 1 percent conquered U.S. politics. The Catholic Philosopher Who Took on Hitler. The Chinese Town Descended From Romans? The Jews of Arabia. The Opportunistic Evil of Tariq Aziz. The Rich’s Class Warfare Is Winning. This Week in World War I October 3-9, 1914 | Joseph V. Micallef. What’s Great About the Great Society.

Why MLK wore a Hawaiian Lei at Selma. Why Stephen Hawking and Bill Gates Are Terrified of Artificial Intelligence | James Barrat. Why the GOP Hates U.S. History: Inconvenient Truths That Freak Out American Conservatives | Sean McElwee. WWII's Secret Battle in the Woods. ‘The Rebels Are Our Countrymen Again’: Grant and Lee Meet at Appomattox. “Corroded to its core”: Why the results of the Senate torture report are even worse than we thought. “It’s symbolic annihilation of history, and it’s done for a purpose. It really enforces white supremacy”: Edward Baptist on the lies we tell about slavery. “The same rhetoric you hear from religious anti-vaxxers today are the arguments made against Cotton Mather”: Peter Manseau.