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Memory and Recall: 10 Amazing Facts You Should Know. Human memory and recall works nothing like a computer, but that’s what makes it all the more fascinating to understand and experience. “If we remembered everything we should on most occasions be as ill off as if we remembered nothing.” ~William James It’s often said that a person is the sum of their memories.

Your memory and recall is what makes you who you are. Despite this, memory and recall is generally poorly understood, which is why many people say they have ‘bad memories’. Here is my 10-point guide to the psychology of memory and recall (it is based on an excellent review chapter by the distinguished UCLA memory expert, Professor Robert A. 1. Everyone has experienced the frustration of not being able to recall a fact from memory. So it seems obvious that memories decay, like fruit going off. But what on earth is the point of a brain that remembers everything but can’t recall most of it?

2. Obviously the only one that’s of interest is the most recent. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Lucid Dreaming

Why Stoicism is one of the best mind-hacks ever – Lary Wallace. We do this to our philosophies. We redraft their contours based on projected shadows, or give them a cartoonish shape like a caricaturist emphasising all the wrong features. This is how Buddhism becomes, in the popular imagination, a doctrine of passivity and even laziness, while Existentialism becomes synonymous with apathy and futile despair. Something similar has happened to Stoicism, which is considered – when considered at all – a philosophy of grim endurance, of carrying on rather than getting over, of tolerating rather than transcending life’s agonies and adversities. No wonder it’s not more popular. No wonder the Stoic sage, in Western culture, has never obtained the popularity of the Zen master. It ignores gratitude, too.

O you noble Stoics, what deceptive words these are! This is pretty good, as denunciations of Stoicism go, seductive in its articulateness and energy, and therefore effective, however uninformed. Get Aeon straight to your inbox. Why Facebook is blue: The science of colors in marketing. 33.5K Flares 33.5K Flares × Why is Facebook blue? According to The New Yorker, the reason is simple. It’s because Mark Zuckerberg is red-green colorblind. This means that blue is the color Mark can see the best. “Blue is the richest color for me; I can see all of blue.” Not highly scientific right?

After all, the visual sense is the strongest developed one in most human beings. So how do colors really affect us and what is the science of colors in marketing really? First: Can you recognize the online brands just based on color? Before we dive into the research, here are some awesome experiments that show you how powerful color alone really is. Example 1 (easy): Example 2 (easy): Example 3 (medium): Example 4 (hard): These awesome examples from Youtube designer Marc Hemeon, I think show the real power of colors more than any study could.

How many were you able to guess? Which colors trigger which feeling for us? Black: Green: Blue: For green, their intuition was this: A Talk With The Savage English Professor. Jonathan Gottschall is a Distinguished Fellow in the English Department at Washington & Jefferson College. His research at the intersection of science and art has frequently been covered in outlets such as The New York Times Magazine, The New York Times, Scientific American, The New Yorker, The Atlantic, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Nature, Science, and NPR. His book The Storytelling Animal: How Stories Make Us Human, was a New York Times Editor’s Choice Selection and a finalist for the LA Times Book Prize. His latest book is The Professor in the Cage: Why Men Fight and Why We Like to Watch. Harris: Jonathan, you and I seem to have had similar midlife crises: We each woke up one morning and were suddenly very interested in violence, self-defense, martial arts, and related topics.

But you went so far as to have a real mixed martial arts (MMA) cage match, the training for which is the subject of your new book, The Professor in the Cage. How did this manic idea take hold of you? Why Think When You Can Google Instead? -- Science of Us. Most of us with smartphones probably feel a little sheepish about how often we consult them. (I have to use Google Maps, for example, every time I visit my friends in Bay Ridge, even though they are the people I’ve known longest in the city and I really should have the route memorized by now.) And so the question a team of psychologists at the University of Waterloo recently asked will likely be of interest: What does it say about our thinking skills when we habitually outsource problem-solving to our phones?

Their results, published online this week in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, suggest that people who admit to relying more heavily on their smartphones for information — for instance, Googling something they could’ve figured out by with a few minutes of thinking about it — are also less likely to be analytical thinkers, judging from their answers to problems designed to assess cognitive style and ability. The intuitive answer is 10 cents. What It Takes To Change Your Brain's Patterns After Age 25.

"In most of us, by the age of thirty, the character has set like plaster, and will never soften again. " That quote was made famous by Harvard psychologist William James in his 1890 book The Principles of Psychology, and is believed to be the first time modern psychology introduced the idea that one’s personality becomes fixed after a certain age. More than a century since James’s influential text, we know that, unfortunately, our brains start to solidify by the age of 25, but that, fortunately, change is still possible after.

The key is continuously creating new pathways and connections to break apart stuck neural patterns in the brain. Simply put, when the brain is young and not yet fully formed, there’s a lot of flexibility and plasticity, which explains why kids learn so quickly, says Deborah Ancona, a professor of management and organizational studies at MIT. Focused Attention For those who want to stimulate their brain, Swart recommends learning a new language or musical instrument. Mental Models: The Mind's Search Algorithm - Farnam Street. Mental models are tools for the mind. In his talk: Academic Economics: Strengths and Weaknesses, after Considering Interdisciplinary Needs, at the University of California at Santa Barbara, in 2003, Charlie Munger honed in on why we like to specialize.

The big general objection to economics was the one early described by Alfred North Whitehead when he spoke of the fatal unconnectedness of academic disciplines, wherein each professor didn’t even know of the models of the other disciplines, much less try to synthesize those disciplines with his own … The nature of this failure is that it creates what I always call ‘man with a hammer’ syndrome. To a man with only a hammer, every problem looks pretty much like a nail. And that works marvellously to gum up all professions, and all departments of academia, and indeed most practical life. So, what do we do, Charlie? The only antidote for being an absolute klutz due to the presence of a man with a hammer syndrome is to have a full kit of tools.

The Science Of Why You Should Spend Your Money On Experiences, Not Things. Most people are in the pursuit of happiness. There are economists who think happiness is the best indicator of the health of a society. We know that money can make you happier, though after your basic needs are met, it doesn't make you that much happier. But one of the biggest questions is how to allocate our money, which is (for most of us) a limited resource.

There's a very logical assumption that most people make when spending their money: that because a physical object will last longer, it will make us happier for a longer time than a one-off experience like a concert or vacation. According to recent research, it turns out that assumption is completely wrong. "One of the enemies of happiness is adaptation," says Dr. So rather than buying the latest iPhone or a new BMW, Gilovich suggests you'll get more happiness spending money on experiences like going to art exhibits, doing outdoor activities, learning a new skill, or traveling.

[Top Photo: Justin Lewis/Getty Images] What to Do When Someone Doesn’t ‘Get’ You -- Science of Us. Being misunderstood is a weirdly potent and unpleasant experience, and one that’s happened to all of us. Nobody likes feeling as though others aren’t seeing them for who they are, and in addition to causing hurt feelings, these sorts of misunderstandings can have both personal and professional consequences — your boss thinks you’re lazy because you come in late (you were up until 1 a.m. working on that demanding new project); your partner thinks you’re callous because you forgot to at least text her to ask how her big presentation went (you were preoccupied all day because of the boss thing).

In her new book from Harvard Business Review Press, No One Understands You and What to Do About It, Heidi Grant Halvorson, a social psychologist and associate director of Columbia Business School’s Motivation Science Center, offers a clear, compelling account of both why these misunderstandings occur in the first place, and what can be done about them. The future of loneliness | Olivia Laing | Society. At the end of last winter, a gigantic billboard advertising Android, Google’s operating system, appeared over Times Square in New York. In a lower-case sans serif font – corporate code for friendly – it declared: “be together. not the same.”

This erratically punctuated mantra sums up the web’s most magical proposition – its existence as a space in which no one need ever suffer the pang of loneliness, in which friendship, sex and love are never more than a click away, and difference is a source of glamour, not of shame. As with the city itself, the promise of the internet is contact.

It seems to offer an antidote to loneliness, trumping even the most utopian urban environment by enabling strangers to develop relationships along shared lines of interest, no matter how shy or isolated they might be in their own physical lives. But proximity, as city dwellers know, does not necessarily mean intimacy. Access to other people is not by itself enough to dispel the gloom of internal isolation. Seeking Genius in Negative Space — 7 Days of Genius. Most of what we see are objects that occupy space, from the cup of coffee in your hand to the trees and buildings lining the street. We are surrounded by configurations of matter that pierce reality and comprise positive space. Not “positive” in the good sense of the word, but as yang is to yin: the opposite of the void that is negative space.

It is through this shadowy emptiness that we walk, talk, see, and live; negative space is the impossible cellophane layer that drapes the known world and is invisible to all but to the most perceptive minds. It is possible to learn to see negative space though, in both the visual and imagined worlds. The first step is developing the ability to see, and the second is learning — as romantic poet John Keats put it — to be “capable of being in uncertainties, mysteries, doubts, without any irritable reaching after fact & reason.” When I first learned to draw, I was taught about foreground and background shapes, perspective and foreshortening. Press me! The buttons that lie to you. Does it help to push the buttons on pedestrian crossings, train doors and thermostats? Often the answer is “no”, as Chris Baraniuk discovers.

The tube pulls in to a busy station along the London Underground’s Central Line. It is early evening on a Thursday. A gaggle of commuters assembles inside and outside the train, waiting for the doors to open. A moment of impatience grips one man who is nearest to them. He pushes the square, green-rimmed button which says “open”. A second later, the doors satisfyingly part. Some would call this a “placebo button”– a button which, objectively speaking, provides no control over a system, but which to the user at least is psychologically fulfilling to push.

In 2013, BBC News Magazine writer Tom de Castella discovered that pedestrian crossings up and down the UK were hotbeds of placebo buttons. Certain psychologists would argue that the buttons were indeed having an effect – just not on the traffic lights themselves. “Everybody,” she says, “got crazy. Welcome to The Irrationality of Alcoholics Anonymous. Ghost Child: The Strange, Misunderstood World of Delusional Pregnancy. Thanks for saying that. I was just commenting to say that I am not crazy, I'm the person the article is about and I honestly can't take sitting her reading this having people call me "nutty as a squirrel turd" and other things when I really am a sane person and eight other human beings have looked at my ultrasounds and seen the same thing, not even counting people who responded on craigslist to my asking for help. I honestly don't care about the name being kept secret since I already posted about this on my facebook accounts (I have two, one mostly for people I met in real life and another for people I know from autism circles) and most people just ignored me and I'm used to getting scapegoated as crazy.

I just want people to have the actual facts before they call me insane. Fact number one: The Hook Effects exists. False negative pregnancy tests exist. Fact number three: A study at Harvard last year by Dr. Here are some of my ultrasounds. WHAT THE HELL IS THAT? The seven ways to have a near-death experience. Seeing a light and a tunnel may be the popular perception of death, but as Rachel Nuwer discovers, reports are emerging of many other strange experiences. In 2011, Mr A, a 57-year-old social worker from England, was admitted to Southampton General Hospital after collapsing at work. Medical personnel were in the middle of inserting a catheter into his groin when he went into cardiac arrest. With oxygen cut off, his brain immediately flat-lined.

Mr A died. "The mental experience of death is much broader than what’s been assumed" — Sam Parnia, researcher Despite this, he remembers what happened next. Hospital records later verified the AED’s two verbal commands. But Sam Parnia, a critical care physician and director of resuscitation research at Stony Brook University School of Medicine in New York, along with colleagues from 17 institutions in the US and UK, wanted to do away with assumptions about what people did or did not experience on their deathbeds.

Seven flavours of death Common cases. The 6 Grand Illusions That Keep Us Enslaved to the Matrix. By: Sigmund Fraud, Waking Times “In prison, illusions can offer comfort.” – Nelson Mandela For a magician to fool his audience his deceit must go unseen, and to this end he crafts an illusion to avert attention from reality. While the audience is entranced, the deceptive act is committed, and for the fool, reality then becomes inexplicably built upon on a lie. That is, until the fool wakes up and recognizes the truth in the fact that he has been duped. Maintaining the suspension of disbelief in the illusion, however, is often more comforting than acknowledging the magician’s secrets. We live in a world of illusion. Psychopaths disempower people in this way. Bansky, the revered and elusive revolutionary street artist, once commented: “People are taking the piss out of you everyday.

Advertising is just the tip of the iceberg. The grandest of the illusions which keep us enslaved to the matrix, the ones that have so many of us still entranced, are outlined below for your consideration. 1. 2. 3. Your memory rewrites the past and edits it with new experiences, study finds - Science - News. Dunning–Kruger effect. Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought. Implicit memory. Top 10 Strange Phenomena of the Mind. The Illusion of Asymmetric Insight.