Plot Summary. The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan consists of stories from four Chinese-immigrant women and their American-born daughters.
Each section explores the relationships of the mothers and daughters. Each women tells of her experiences and shares it with her daughter. The Scarlet Letter at a Glance. The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, adulteress Hester Prynne must wear a scarlet A to mark her shame.
Her lover, Arthur Dimmesdale, remains unidentified and is wracked with guilt, while her husband, Roger Chillingworth, seeks revenge. The Scarlet Letter's symbolism helps create a powerful drama in Puritan Boston: a kiss, evil, sin, nature, the scarlet letter, and the punishing scaffold. Nathaniel Hawthorne's masterpiece is a classic example of the human conflict between emotion and intellect. Written by: Nathaniel Hawthorne Type of Work: novel Genres: gothic romance; psychological romance (named by Hawthorne); Gothic literature; allegory First Published: In 1850 by Ticknor, Reed & Fields Setting: Starts in June 1642, in the Puritan town of Boston — story continues over several years. Context. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1804.
His family descended from the earliest settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; among his forebears was John Hathorne (Hawthorne added the “w” to his name when he began to write), one of the judges at the 1692 Salem witch trials. Throughout his life, Hawthorne was both fascinated and disturbed by his kinship with John Hathorne. Raised by a widowed mother, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Maine, where he met two people who were to have great impact upon his life: Henry Wadsworth Long-fellow, who would later become a famous poet, and Franklin Pierce, who would later become president of the United States. After college Hawthorne tried his hand at writing, producing historical sketches and an anonymous novel, Fanshawe, that detailed his college days rather embarrassingly. Hawthorne also held positions as an editor and as a customs surveyor during this period.
The Scarlet Letter Themes - eNotes.com. The Scarlet Letter raised complex and often uncomfortable questions about the relationship between sin and sympathy for Hawthorne’s nineteenth century audience.
At the time of its publication in 1850, several Christian editorial writers, in fact, criticized Hawthorne’s novel for not adequately emphasizing Hester’s renunciation of her sin and the process of her atonement. Some argued that because Hawthorne’s story was not clearly enough an example designed for moral instruction, it should not be told at all. The Scarlet Letter Themes. Perhaps the foremost purpose of The Scarlet Letter is to illustrate the difference between shaming someone in public and allowing him or her to suffer the consequences of an unjust act privately.
According to the legal statutes at the time and the prevailing sentiment of keeping in accordance with a strict interpretation of the Bible, adultery was a capital sin that required the execution of both adulterer and adulteress--or at the very least, severe public corporal punishment. Indeed, even if the husband wanted to keep his wife alive after she committed adultery, the law insisted that she would have to die for it. The Joy Luck Club Theme of Women and Femininity. For the mothers in this novel, and the mothers of the mothers, life as a woman was extremely restrictive in China.
The model wife and daughter-in-law is an obedient, filial woman who works hard, bears many children, never complains, and hides her own unhappiness. She has worth only in relation to other people – her sons, husband, and in-laws – and never any personal, inherent worth. After such a world, America is liberating. Hawthorne A Sexist, Library Group Hears - tribunedigital-thecourant. September 29, 1994|By LAURA C.
MARKS; Courant Correspondent WETHERSFIELD — Nathaniel Hawthorne felt women should use their hearts instead of their brains, says Farmington English instructor B.J. Smith. An Analysis of Sexism in Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan. In traditional Chinese culture, many judgments were made about a person just by observing their sex.
The woman was looked upon as an inferior being and she had little or no status in society. Furthermore, very little was expected from women and they were discriminated against when they tried to stand up for themselves. Chinese culture was customarily male dominated the male was expected to do most of the work, and the woman was expected to stay at home. Chinese women feel like no one cares and it is much harder for them to live with an optimistic view on life. Amy Tan on The Joy Luck Club – Guardian book club. I was a relative latecomer to writing fiction seriously – 35 when I attended my first fiction writers' workshop.
A published writer named Molly Giles critiqued my 13-page story, informing me that I had not written a story. It had no consistent voice or storyline, but the beginnings of about a dozen stories and voices. And some of what I had written felt true and other bits were false. She circled the sentences: "There's one. There's another. Instead of being dismayed that she had uncovered so many flaws, I felt my life change course. Fiction writing would earn me nothing but personal satisfaction. I continued to write fiction and learn the craft of writing. An irritated voice broke through my despair: "Amy-ah! "You're alive," I said in a choked voice. "Hah! Famous Quotes from The Scarlet Letter. Here are some examples of Nathaniel Hawthorne's most familiar quotes from The Scarlet Letter.
In these examples, you will see how the author touches on deep psychological and romantic themes, heavily inspired by Puritan New England. "It may serve, let us hope, to symbolize some sweet moral blossom that may be found along the track, or relieve the darkening close of a tale of human frailty and sorrow. " The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne - The Atlantic. Hester, then, the social outcast, finds no invitation to repentance in the law that crushes her. The only alternative it offers her is abject self-extinction, or defiance. She chooses the latter: but at this point her course is swayed by a providential circumstance with which society had nothing to do.
RUG01 001289370 2010 0001 AC. The Scarlet Letter Women and Femininity Quotes Page 1. Making Asian American Women Visible: The Joy Luck Club. Coauthored by Theodore Andrew Lee Asian Americans often feel invisible within the dominant white culture in the United States. Few American television programs, movies and commercial Internet sites focus on Asian Americans. Napat 35 49. Asian University For Women Academic Reading/Writing 2011. As I read The Joy Luck Club, I found that sexism and gender discrimination is one of the major motifs of this novel.
As far as I read this novel, it becomes clearer that both Chinese and American culture have sexism, though they are two different cultures. Maybe this is true in all prevailing cultures because a novel is a reflection of entire society where we live in. As a reader of this novel, I encountered various events where ‘sexism’ and ‘gender discrimination’ were focused. In the chapter ‘Scar’, An-Mei Hsu’s mother was hated by her mother for playing the role of a concubine. It is for that she refused to lead her life as widow. In the chapter “The Red Candle”, Lindo Jong was forced to act like a ‘perfect wife’. According to the chapter “The Moon Lady”, Ying-Ying was so restless in her nature in childhood. In the chapter “Rules of the Game”, Waverly Jong was hindered by some old men when she wanted to play chess with them. Like this: Like Loading... The Issue of Sexism in The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan. Is it fair to judge someone by their sex?
In traditional Chinese culture, many judgments were made about a person just by observing their sex. The women was looked upon as an inferior being. They had little or no status in society, and little was expected from them. They were discriminated against when they tried to stand up for themselves. Chinese culture was customarily male dominated. The Joy Luck Club Women and Femininity Quotes Page 2. How do the women of The Joy Luck Club deal with sexist structure that oppresses them? I think that this is the central focus of the novel. The exact answer to this question is the novel, itself. Essentially, I think that Tan wants to make the argument that sexism is something that is applicable in both the East and the West.
It looks different in both worlds, but it is there. It seeks to silence women and place them in gender stratified boxes. While the East's sexism is understood as "tradition," the West's is more insipid, more subterranean. In America, these women see their daughters "swallow their sorrow with Coca- Cola" and adopt Western ways. The Joy Luck Club Themes from LitCharts.