Arab Spring

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Un Internet furtif américain pour le printemps arabe. Washington développe un Internet furtif, tenant dans une valise, permettant aux dissidents de déjouer la censure des régimes dictatoriaux. Pourquoi la liberté d’accès au Net est-elle une constante américaine? Décryptage par deux spécialistes suisses. Le New York Times vient de le révéler. Les Etats-Unis sont en train de développer des réseaux de téléphones portables indépendants, un Internet furtif, à même de contourner les entraves et la censure du réseau par les régimes autoritaires.

Google Earth, an iPhone compass and experience playing 'Call of Duty' have been vital to Libya's rebel war plan. A screenshot from the game Call of Duty.

Google Earth, an iPhone compass and experience playing 'Call of Duty' have been vital to Libya's rebel war plan

Inset: the iPhone compass app, and a Google Earth image of Misrata, Libya. Videogames for the rebellious masses. I was gratified to read that Libyan rebels in Misrata have been using the video game Call of Duty as a primary resource for tactical knowledge.

Videogames for the rebellious masses

Computer games are actually an extremely useful way for civilians with no military training (such as myself) to pick up a little bit of familiarity with military practices and problems that can be extremely useful in trying to function in a combat zone.

Syria

Egypt. Bahraïn. Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests. The Arab Spring: A Status Report on Tunisia, Egypt and Bahrain. The Arab Spring - the Jasmine Revolution - the hashtag revolts - the uprisings in the Arab World: whatever you call them, they're ongoing and as long as they go on, their proponents and opponents use, and misuse, technology.

The Arab Spring: A Status Report on Tunisia, Egypt and Bahrain

Technology played a great role in communications between protesters in Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain and between those protesters and the global public; it was also the fulcrum for the efforts of the regimes to stay in power, such as shutting down their connections to the Internet. 7% Of Arab Bloggers Have Been Arrested: Harvard Survey. Seven percent of Middle Eastern bloggers were arrested and detained in the past year--and nearly 30% were personally threatened, according to a new Harvard University survey of 98 bloggers throughout the Middle East and North Africa.

7% Of Arab Bloggers Have Been Arrested: Harvard Survey

The survey, which was released this week, was conducted by Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society in collaboration with world news aggregator Global Voices Online (GVO). Some financial support for the survey was offered through the State Department, via a subgrant from the United Kingdom-based Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Social media can help build Arab governments too. In the Arab world this winter, social media proved that it can facilitate rebellion and even topple regimes.

Social media can help build Arab governments too

Now it faces a much harder challenge. Can social media help to build new governments? The wiki revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt happened so fast that the positive forces of change have no vanguard, or organisations enabling them to take power. The organisations with the muscle to form political parties and win an election often seek to drive society backwards. Transitioning to democracy won't be easy. Daily chart: Return of the shoe throwers. Are food prices approaching a violent tipping point? Seeking simple explanations for the Arab spring uprisings that have swept through Tunisia, Egypt and now Libya, is clearly foolish amidst entangled issues of social injustice, poverty, unemployment and water stress.

Are food prices approaching a violent tipping point?

But asking "why precisely now? " is less daft, and a provocative new study proposes an answer: soaring food prices. Furthermore, it suggests there is a specific food price level above which riots and unrest become far more likely. That figure is 210 on the UN FAO's price index: the index is currently at 234, due to the most recent spike in prices which started in the middle of 2010.

The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Visualizing Prominent Information Flows during the Tunisia and Egypt Revolutions. Cinema and the Arab spring: the revolution starts here. Still from The Green Wave, directed by Ali Samadi Ahadi.

Cinema and the Arab spring: the revolution starts here

Do the roots of the Arab spring lie in cinema? The question seems absurd: surely kleptocratic dictatorship, youth unemployment and grain prices all played a more important part. Iranian film scholar Hamid Dabashi disagrees: "If you want to understand the emotive universe from which the Arab spring arose, cinema is a good place to start. Le Maghreb se soulève contre les dictaeurs - Oumma.com. Après la Tunisie, l’Algérie renoue avec la révolte populaire Ce début de l’année 2011 sera marqué par le mouvement de révoltes populaires qui secouent présentement le Maghreb.

Le Maghreb se soulève contre les dictaeurs - Oumma.com

Des révoltes de la faim, disent certains, mais sûrement pour la justice et la fin des dictatures et autres régimes maffieux, qui gouvernent ces pays par la force et la répression. Alors qu’en Tunisie les émeutes se poursuivent depuis plusieurs semaines, en Algérie, depuis mercredi, les quartiers populaires de la capitale et des grandes villes d’Algérie s’embrasent dans l’explosion de la colère des jeunes, nourrie par un quotidien des plus absurdes dans un pays, qui croule sous les pétrodollars, détournés ouvertement par les despotes au pouvoir depuis des décennies.

La jeunesse algérienne est estimée à plus de 70 % de la population, mais rien dans les politiques officielles n’offre d’ouverture, ni de prise en charge sérieuse de ces millions de jeunes livrés à eux-mêmes sans le moindre espoir à l’horizon. The World's Unemployed Youth: Revolution in the Air? A common thread to the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt and protests elsewhere in the Middle East and north Africa is the soul-crushing high rate of youth unemployment.

The World's Unemployed Youth: Revolution in the Air?

Twenty-four percent of young people in the region cannot find jobs. To be sure, protesters were also agitating for democracy, wanting the full rights of citizenship and not to be treated as subjects. But nonexistent employment opportunities were the powerful catalyst. Youth unemployment is similarly dire in other parts of the world. In the UK, young people aged 16 to 24 account for about 40% of all unemployed, which means almost 1 million young adults are jobless.

Slavoj Zizek - #1 Arabian Revolution - OmU. U.S.-Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings. Mideast turmoil threatens sovereign-wealth funds. By Alistair Barr, MarketWatch.

Mideast turmoil threatens sovereign-wealth funds

La lourde facture du "printemps arabe"

Tunisia

Libya.