Un Internet furtif américain pour le printemps arabe. Washington développe un Internet furtif, tenant dans une valise, permettant aux dissidents de déjouer la censure des régimes dictatoriaux. Pourquoi la liberté d’accès au Net est-elle une constante américaine? Décryptage par deux spécialistes suisses. Le New York Times vient de le révéler. Les Etats-Unis sont en train de développer des réseaux de téléphones portables indépendants, un Internet furtif, à même de contourner les entraves et la censure du réseau par les régimes autoritaires.
Le grand quotidien de la côte Est décrit ainsi les recherches menées par de jeunes entrepreneurs de Washington pour mettre au point les équipements de ce réseau annoncé comme indétectable et qui peuvent tenir dans une valise ordinaire. Des technologies à double tranchant Et ce spécialiste des technologies de l’information d’avertir: «Toutes les technologies de communication sont à double tranchant. Google Earth, an iPhone compass and experience playing 'Call of Duty' have been vital to Libya's rebel war plan. A screenshot from the game Call of Duty.
Inset: the iPhone compass app, and a Google Earth image of Misrata, Libya. Source: Supplied IT is probably not what the designers of Google Earth had in mind, but for the rebels in the besieged Libyan city of Misrata their software has become a crucial part of the revolutionary armoury: a free battlefield system that helps them to aim mortars and pinpoint Gaddafi tanks. Other uprisings in the Arab Spring have leant heavily on the organising powers of Facebook and Twitter, but in Libya it is Google Earth that has become an invaluable asset. "The idea was that of an engineer named Ahmed Eyzert," said Mohammad Bashir al-Ruiyati, 35, who is in charge of artillery on Misrata's southern front. Videogames for the rebellious masses. I was gratified to read that Libyan rebels in Misrata have been using the video game Call of Duty as a primary resource for tactical knowledge.
Computer games are actually an extremely useful way for civilians with no military training (such as myself) to pick up a little bit of familiarity with military practices and problems that can be extremely useful in trying to function in a combat zone.
Egypt. Bahraïn. Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests. The Arab Spring: A Status Report on Tunisia, Egypt and Bahrain. The Arab Spring - the Jasmine Revolution - the hashtag revolts - the uprisings in the Arab World: whatever you call them, they're ongoing and as long as they go on, their proponents and opponents use, and misuse, technology.
Technology played a great role in communications between protesters in Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain and between those protesters and the global public; it was also the fulcrum for the efforts of the regimes to stay in power, such as shutting down their connections to the Internet. It retains both of those functions. I asked people I know in the countries of the Arab Spring to tell us how they think things currently stand and what role technology continues to play there.
This post is the first of three. Today we take a look at Tunisia, Egypt and Bahrain. 7% Of Arab Bloggers Have Been Arrested: Harvard Survey. Seven percent of Middle Eastern bloggers were arrested and detained in the past year--and nearly 30% were personally threatened, according to a new Harvard University survey of 98 bloggers throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
The survey, which was released this week, was conducted by Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society in collaboration with world news aggregator Global Voices Online (GVO). Some financial support for the survey was offered through the State Department, via a subgrant from the United Kingdom-based Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Social media can help build Arab governments too.
In the Arab world this winter, social media proved that it can facilitate rebellion and even topple regimes.
Now it faces a much harder challenge. Can social media help to build new governments? The wiki revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt happened so fast that the positive forces of change have no vanguard, or organisations enabling them to take power. The organisations with the muscle to form political parties and win an election often seek to drive society backwards. Transitioning to democracy won't be easy. Daily chart: Return of the shoe throwers. Are food prices approaching a violent tipping point? Seeking simple explanations for the Arab spring uprisings that have swept through Tunisia, Egypt and now Libya, is clearly foolish amidst entangled issues of social injustice, poverty, unemployment and water stress.
But asking "why precisely now? " is less daft, and a provocative new study proposes an answer: soaring food prices. The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Visualizing Prominent Information Flows during the Tunisia and Egypt Revolutions. Cinema and the Arab spring: the revolution starts here. Still from The Green Wave, directed by Ali Samadi Ahadi.
Do the roots of the Arab spring lie in cinema? The question seems absurd: surely kleptocratic dictatorship, youth unemployment and grain prices all played a more important part. Le Maghreb se soulève contre les dictaeurs - Oumma.com. The World's Unemployed Youth: Revolution in the Air? A common thread to the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt and protests elsewhere in the Middle East and north Africa is the soul-crushing high rate of youth unemployment.
Twenty-four percent of young people in the region cannot find jobs. To be sure, protesters were also agitating for democracy, wanting the full rights of citizenship and not to be treated as subjects. But nonexistent employment opportunities were the powerful catalyst. Youth unemployment is similarly dire in other parts of the world. In the UK, young people aged 16 to 24 account for about 40% of all unemployed, which means almost 1 million young adults are jobless. Unemployed young people comprised a large portion of the crowd that marched in London on March 26 to protest against the economic policies of the government. Slavoj Zizek - #1 Arabian Revolution - OmU.
U.S.-Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings. Mideast turmoil threatens sovereign-wealth funds. By Alistair Barr, MarketWatch SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) — Turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa may disrupt diversification efforts by some of the world’s largest sovereign-wealth funds, according to research released Tuesday by Preqin, which tracks private equity, hedge funds and other alternative investments.
La lourde facture du "printemps arabe" L'image du tunisien dont l'immolation a déclenché la révolution La guerre en Lybie a été déclenchée après un phénomène dit de « printemps arabe » qui avait commencé en Tunisie, avant de gagner l'Egypte puis d'autres pays arabes. Un vent qui coûté cher et qui a fait d'importants dégâts économiques, estimés à plus de 50 milliards de dollars selon un rapport publié par la société de consulting en intelligence économique Geopolicity.
Ce même rapport indique que la Libye, la Syrie et l'Egypte ont payé le prix fort en termes de perte de productivité et de finances publiques. Il est difficile d’établir avec précision ce que les pays traversés par ces mouvements socio - politiques ont perdu. Mais certaines données disponibles montrent que les pays qui ont connu des troubles civils intenses comme la Libye, avec ses longs mois de conflit vont en payer le prix à court terme.