Un Internet furtif américain pour le printemps arabe Washington développe un Internet furtif, tenant dans une valise, permettant aux dissidents de déjouer la censure des régimes dictatoriaux. Pourquoi la liberté d’accès au Net est-elle une constante américaine? Décryptage par deux spécialistes suisses. Le New York Times vient de le révéler.
A screenshot from the game Call of Duty. Inset: the iPhone compass app, and a Google Earth image of Misrata, Libya. Source: Supplied IT is probably not what the designers of Google Earth had in mind, but for the rebels in the besieged Libyan city of Misrata their software has become a crucial part of the revolutionary armoury: a free battlefield system that helps them to aim mortars and pinpoint Gaddafi tanks. Other uprisings in the Arab Spring have leant heavily on the organising powers of Facebook and Twitter, but in Libya it is Google Earth that has become an invaluable asset. Google Earth, an iPhone compass and experience playing 'Call of Duty' have been vital to Libya's rebel war plan
Videogames for the rebellious masses I was gratified to read that Libyan rebels in Misrata have been using the video game Call of Duty as a primary resource for tactical knowledge. Computer games are actually an extremely useful way for civilians with no military training (such as myself) to pick up a little bit of familiarity with military practices and problems that can be extremely useful in trying to function in a combat zone. Even the most serious of videogames is no substitute for actual military training, so one shouldn't make the mistake of thinking that you know too much -- ie, concluding that if the tank down the street can't see you in the game, it can't see you in real life.
The Arab Spring: A Status Report on Tunisia, Egypt and Bahrain The Arab Spring - the Jasmine Revolution - the hashtag revolts - the uprisings in the Arab World: whatever you call them, they're ongoing and as long as they go on, their proponents and opponents use, and misuse, technology. Technology played a great role in communications between protesters in Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain and between those protesters and the global public; it was also the fulcrum for the efforts of the regimes to stay in power, such as shutting down their connections to the Internet. It retains both of those functions.
Seven percent of Middle Eastern bloggers were arrested and detained in the past year--and nearly 30% were personally threatened, according to a new Harvard University survey of 98 bloggers throughout the Middle East and North Africa. The survey, which was released this week, was conducted by Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society in collaboration with world news aggregator Global Voices Online (GVO). Some financial support for the survey was offered through the State Department, via a subgrant from the United Kingdom-based Institute for War and Peace Reporting. The State Department has been vocal about their desire to conduct pro-democracy outreach through social media and emerging technologies. While the blogs and bloggers who participated in the survey were not named, they were drawn from the pool of Middle Eastern bloggers whose posts were reprinted by Global Voices. 7% Of Arab Bloggers Have Been Arrested: Harvard Survey
In the Arab world this winter, social media proved that it can facilitate rebellion and even topple regimes. Now it faces a much harder challenge. Can social media help to build new governments? The wiki revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt happened so fast that the positive forces of change have no vanguard, or organisations enabling them to take power. The organisations with the muscle to form political parties and win an election often seek to drive society backwards. Social media can help build Arab governments too | Don Tapscott | Comment is free
Daily chart: Return of the shoe throwers
Are food prices approaching a violent tipping point? | Damian Carrington | Environment Seeking simple explanations for the Arab spring uprisings that have swept through Tunisia, Egypt and now Libya, is clearly foolish amidst entangled issues of social injustice, poverty, unemployment and water stress. But asking "why precisely now?" is less daft, and a provocative new study proposes an answer: soaring food prices. Furthermore, it suggests there is a specific food price level above which riots and unrest become far more likely. That figure is 210 on the UN FAO's price index: the index is currently at 234, due to the most recent spike in prices which started in the middle of 2010. Lastly, the researchers argue that current underlying food price trends - excluding the spikes - mean the index will be permanently over the 210 threshold within a year or two.
The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Visualizing Prominent Information Flows during the Tunisia and Egypt Revolutions
Do the roots of the Arab spring lie in cinema? The question seems absurd: surely kleptocratic dictatorship, youth unemployment and grain prices all played a more important part. Iranian film scholar Hamid Dabashi disagrees: "If you want to understand the emotive universe from which the Arab spring arose, cinema is a good place to start. Cinema and the Arab spring: the revolution starts here | Film
Après la Tunisie, l’Algérie renoue avec la révolte populaire Ce début de l’année 2011 sera marqué par le mouvement de révoltes populaires qui secouent présentement le Maghreb. Des révoltes de la faim, disent certains, mais sûrement pour la justice et la fin des dictatures et autres régimes maffieux, qui gouvernent ces pays par la force et la répression. Alors qu’en Tunisie les émeutes se poursuivent depuis plusieurs semaines, en Algérie, depuis mercredi, les quartiers populaires de la capitale et des grandes villes d’Algérie s’embrasent dans l’explosion de la colère des jeunes, nourrie par un quotidien des plus absurdes dans un pays, qui croule sous les pétrodollars, détournés ouvertement par les despotes au pouvoir depuis des décennies. Le Maghreb se soulève contre les dictaeurs - Oumma.com
The World's Unemployed Youth: Revolution in the Air? A common thread to the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt and protests elsewhere in the Middle East and north Africa is the soul-crushing high rate of youth unemployment. Twenty-four percent of young people in the region cannot find jobs. To be sure, protesters were also agitating for democracy, wanting the full rights of citizenship and not to be treated as subjects. But nonexistent employment opportunities were the powerful catalyst. Youth unemployment is similarly dire in other parts of the world. In the UK, young people aged 16 to 24 account for about 40% of all unemployed, which means almost 1 million young adults are jobless.
Slavoj Zizek - #1 Arabian Revolution - OmU
U.S.-Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings
Mideast turmoil threatens sovereign-wealth funds By Alistair Barr, MarketWatch SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) — Turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa may disrupt diversification efforts by some of the world’s largest sovereign-wealth funds, according to research released Tuesday by Preqin, which tracks private equity, hedge funds and other alternative investments. Unrest in the region may have ramifications for the future investment policies of the Libyan Investment Authority, Preqin said.
La lourde facture du "printemps arabe" L'image du tunisien dont l'immolation a déclenché la révolution La guerre en Lybie a été déclenchée après un phénomène dit de « printemps arabe » qui avait commencé en Tunisie, avant de gagner l'Egypte puis d'autres pays arabes. Un vent qui coûté cher et qui a fait d'importants dégâts économiques, estimés à plus de 50 milliards de dollars selon un rapport publié par la société de consulting en intelligence économique Geopolicity.