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John Walsh (1 July 1726 – 9 March 1795) was a British scientist and Secretary to the Governor of Bengal . John was son of Joseph Walsh, Secretary to the Governor of Fort St. George and cousin to Nevil Maskelyne , the Astronomer Royal , and his sister Margaret, the wife of Lord Clive . He entered the English East India Company at a young age and eventually became Clive's private secretary.
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827) was an Italian [ 1 ] [ 2 ] physicist known for the invention of the battery in the 1800s. [ edit ] Early life and works Volta was born in Como , a town in present-day northern Italy (near the Swiss border) on February 18, 1745.
The Lunar Society of Birmingham was a dinner club and informal learned society of prominent figures in the Midlands Enlightenment , including industrialists , natural philosophers and intellectuals, who met regularly between 1765 and 1813 in Birmingham , England . At first called the Lunar Circle, "Lunar Society" became the formal name by 1775. The name arose because the society would meet during the full moon , as the extra light made the journey home easier and safer in the absence of street lighting. The members cheerfully referred to themselves as "lunarticks" , a pun on lunatics .
Radium is a chemical element with symbol Ra and atomic number 88. Radium is an almost pure-white alkaline earth metal , but it readily oxidizes on exposure to air, becoming black in color. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive , with the most stable isotope being radium-226 , which has a half-life of 1601 years and decays into radon gas. Because of such instability, radium is luminescent , glowing a faint blue. Radium, in the form of radium chloride , was discovered by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie in 1898.
Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall . [ 1 ] Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from a young age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high pressure steam engine , he also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive . On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks , in Merthyr Tydfil , Wales. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Turning his interests abroad, Trevithick also worked as a mining consultant in Peru and later explored parts of Costa Rica.